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Table 5 Adverse events pertaining to urinary catheter and urine drainage system in spinal cord injury patients

From: Protocol of a prospective cohort study of the effect of different methods of drainage of neuropathic bladder on occurrence of symptomatic urinary infection, and adverse events related to the urinary drainage system in spinal cord injury patients

Bleeding from the urethra Yes / No
Blood in the urine Yes / No
Pull on the catheter Yes / No
Partial slipping of an indwelling catheter Yes / No
Spontaneous extrusion of an indwelling catheter Yes / No
Forcible extrusion of an indwelling catheter Yes / No
Catheter bypassing Yes / No
Difficulty in inserting a new catheter per urethra Yes / No
Split of the urethra (water-pipe) – traumatic hypospadias Yes / No
Epididymitis/orchitis Yes / No
Autonomic Dysreflexia Yes / No
Predisposing factor for autonomic dysreflexia: Please specify: ---------------------- Common features of autonomic dysreflexia are sweating and head ache. Dysreflexia is often precipitated by obstruction to urine drainage. A SCI patient may develop dysreflexia when a catheter gets blocked or when the urine bag becomes full and is not emptied promptly. The confirmation of the predisposing factor for the occurrence of dysreflexia is prompt relief of dysreflexic symptoms when the predisposing factor is corrected e.g. urine bag is emptied, or a blocked catheter is changed.
Ulcer over the penis in those wearing a sheath Yes / No
Skin excoriation over the penis in those wearing a sheath Yes / No
Pressure mark on the thigh due to catheter or tubing Yes / No
Stones in the urinary bladder Yes / No
Obstruction to urinary drainage because of twisting of the penile sheath Yes / No
Acute folding of the urethral catheter Yes / No
Sharp bend of the drainage tube Yes / No
Others (specify) Yes / No