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Table 4 Clavien grade III intraoperative complications

From: Laparoscopic and open postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients with advanced testicular cancer – a single center analysis

Variable L-PCLND O-PCLND
N = 46 N = 21
Significant lesion of V. cava 4 0
Significant lesion of Aorta 2 1
Significant lesion of iliac artery 1 1
Significant lesion of lumbal venes 1 1
Significant lesion of V. renalis 1 0
Unspecified significant bleeding 1 1
Significant lesion of the ureter (1) (1)
Significant lesion of the duodenum 0 2
  1. Abbreviations
  2. L-PCLND – laparoscopic postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection; O-PCLND – open postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection.