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Table 1 Urinary biochemical parameters in the four patients

From: Renal papillary calcification and the development of calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary renal calculi: a case series study

Urinary parameter Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4 Normal range
Volume (mL) 1300 1900 2300 1600 800-1800
Creatinine (mmols/24 h) 16.0 16.9 15.5 16.8 8.8-18.0
Calcium (mmols/24 h) 0.7 16.8 1.9 7.6 2.5-7.5
Magnesium (mmols/24 h) 2.9 7.9 3.0 4.1 3-5
Phosphorus (mmols/24 h) 15 36 23 42 12-39
Oxalate (mmols/24 h) 0.40 0.43 0.42 0.30 0.04-0.50
Urate (μmols/24 h) 2.1 3.9 3.1 3.7 1.5-3.5
Citrate (mmols/24 h) 3.5 2.9 1.9 6.18 1.5-4.9