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Table 2 Results of PTNS in Patients affected by non obstructive urinary retention

From: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) efficacy in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunctions: a systematic review

Authors Years Control group PNT RCT Methods Level Results Female (%) Mean age Multicenter
n Positive %
van Balken MR 2001 [15] N/A 12 7 58 N Clinical 2-3 Request for continued chronice treatment 58 58, 8 N
Vandoninck V 2003 [16, 17] N/A 39 16 41 N Clinical 2-3 50% reduction of catherterized volume 69 53 (28–77) Y
Vandoninck V 2004 [24] N/A 39 16 41 N Urodynamic 3 50% reduction of catherterized volume 69 53 (28–77) Y
van der pal F 2006 [26] N/A 30 29 100 N Bladder Diary and QoL 2-3 Improvement BD and QoL 86.6 51 (20–72) N