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Table 3 Efficacy of PTNS in chronic pelvic pain/painful bladder syndrome

From: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) efficacy in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunctions: a systematic review

Authors Years Control group PNT Other RCT Methods Level Results Female (%) Mean age (range) Multicenter
    n Positive % n Positive %      PNT group Control group PNT group Control group  
van Balken MR 2003 [27] N/A 33 14 42     N Clinical 3 Mean VAS for pain 33   51.6 (25–79)   N
Kim SW 2007 [28] N/A 15 9 60     N Clinical 3 VAS score for pain reduction >50%    60 (41–78)   N
Kabay S 2009 [29] Sham 45 18 40 44 0 0 Y Clinical 1 VAS score for pain reduction >50% 0 0 37.9 (range 24–51) 38.5 (range 25) N
Zhao J 2004 [31] N/A 14 0 0     N Clinical 3 VAS Scale reduction 93     N
Zhao J 2008 [31] N/A 18 8 44     N Clinical 3 Bladder capacity increases 100   60   N
Baykal K 2005 [32] N/A 10 10 100     N Clinical 3 Wiscosin pain score 80   49 (40–62)   N
Congregado Ruiz B 2004 [33] N/A 51 51 100     N Clinical   Improvement QoL 100   55 (18–74)   N
Gokyildiz S 2012 [34] No treatment 12 12 100 12 0 0 Y Clinical   Improvement QoL 100 100 / / N