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Table 2 Results

From: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic technique in treatment of complex renal stones: 75 cases

Operative time (min)  
  Mean 96
  Range 85-190
Blood loss (mL)  
  Mean 80
  Range 20-400
Laparoscopic intrasinusal pyelolithotomy, n (%) 16 (38.1)
Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy + ureteroscope, n (%) 13 (30.9)
Pelvis-ureter running anastomosis for UPJ, n (%) 8 (19.0)
Nephropexy for nephroptosis, n (%) 3 (7.1)
Ureter reconstruction for retrocaval ureter, n (%) 1 (2.4)
Chop amputation for aberrant crossing vessels, n (%) 1 (2.4)