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Table 1 Composition of Serenoa repens extracts as standard reference materials

From: Modern extraction techniques and their impact on the pharmacological profile of Serenoa repens extracts for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms

Extract Fatty acids content (as triglycerides) Free fatty acids content on a dry mass basis
SRM 3250 (ground fruit) 2.96% (dodecanoic acid) From 0.0121 mg/g (pentadecanoic acid) to 33.7 mg/g (oleic acid)
3.24% (oleic acid)
1.10% (myristic acid)
0.869% (palmitic acid)
0.824% (linoleic acid)
0.194% (linolenic acid)
0.179% (stearic acid)
0.117% (capric acid)
0.107% (caprylic acid)
0.0173% (gondoic acid)
0.0158% (palmitoleic acid)
0.0107% (tetracosanoic acid)
0.0097% (arachidic acid)
0.0076% (tridecanoic acid)
0.0066% (docosanoic acid)
0.0061% (heptadecanoic acid)
0.0547% (vaccenic acid)
0.0047% (pentadecanoic acid)
SRM 3251 (supercritical CO 2 extract) 34.73% (oleic acid) From 0.119 mg/g (pentadecanoic acid) to 221 mg/g (oleic acid)
26.34% (dodecanoic acid)
10.62% (myristic acid)
8.51% (palmitic acid)
5.99% (linoleic acid)
2.67% (capric acid)
2.65% (caprylic acid)
2.25% (hexanoic acid)
1.24% (linolenic acid)
0.830% (vaccenic acid)
0.271% (palmitoleic acid)
0.1931% (gondoic acid)
0.175% (stearic acid)
0.0932% (arachidic acid)
0.0926% (tetracosanoic acid)
0.069% (tridecanoic acid)
0.0644% (docosanoic acid)
0.0637% (heptadecanoic acid)
0.0515% (pentadecanoic acid)
0.0313% (undecanoic acid)