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Table 1 LESS group patients’ characteristics

From: Bilateral spermatic cord en bloc ligation by laparoendoscopic single-site surgery: preliminary experience compared to conventional laparoscopy

Patient Name Age Varicocele grade Previous varicocelectomy
1 MG 24 Grade 4 on the left, grade 2 on the right side No
2 GD 29 Bilateral grade 2 No
3 MM 29 Bilateral grade 3 No
4 AM 30 Bilateral grade 2 No
5 PC 31 Bilateral grade 3 No
6 LU 25 Bilateral grade 3 Left varicocelectomy
7 MS 44 Bilateral grade 3 with chronic testicular pain Left varicocelectomy
8 AG 32 Bilateral grade 3 No
9 EM 30 Bilateral grade 3 No
10 SM 28 Grade 3 on the left and grade 2 on the right No