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Table 4 Complications, according to the modified Clavien classification system

From: Pure intracorporeal laparoscopic radical cystectomy with orthotopic “U” shaped ileal neobladder

Grade Complication No. of cases (%) Management
Early (within 30 day of LRC) 8 (26.6)  
Low grade (1–2) 7 (23.3)  
1 Wound infection 2 Antibiotics and bedside management
2 Delirium 2 Sedative
2 Deep venous thrombosis 1 Anticoagulation prolonged therapy
2 Bowel ileus 1 Conservative
2 Neobladder-urethral anastomosis leakage 1 Prolonged bladder catheterisation
High grade (3–5) 1 (3.3)  
3a Uretero-pouch anastomosis stricture 1 Double-J indwelling stent
Late (>30 d after LRC) 9 (30)  
Low grade (1–2) 5(16.6)  
1 Chronic urinary retention 3 Intermittent self catheterisation
2 Deep venous thrombosis 1 Anticoagulation prolonged therapy
2 Pouchitis 1 Antibiotics
High grade (3–5) 4 (13.3)  
3a Vesico-urethral anastomosis stricture 3 Endoscopic incision
3b Ileal-pouch fistula 1 Reoperation