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Table 2 Overall ureteral stent in situ-related symptoms

From: Rethinking of ureteral stent removal using an extraction string; what patients feel and what is patients' preference? : a randomized controlled study

Domains Items Scores Standard deviation P
String No string String No string  
Urinary symptoms Domain total 30.6 28.2 8.54 7.25 0.17*
Daytime frequency 3.02 3.37 1.14 1.25 0.17*
Nocturia 2.58 2.40 1.07 1.30 0.48*
Urgency 2.21 1.97 1.01 1.11 0.31*
Urge incontinence 1.42 1.33 0.63 0.82 0.59*
Non urge incontinence 1.37 1.16 0.72 0.63 0.14*
Residual urine sensation 3.02 2.60 1.18 1.29 0.11*
Dysuria 2.95 2.36 1.53 1.05 0.03*
Hematuria frequency 3.12 2.80 1.61 1.27 0.31*
Hematuria amount 2.32 2.29 1.06 0.87 0.86*
Interference in life 2.81 2.44 1.31 1.12 0.16*
Quality of life impact 5.76 5.51 1.50 1.31 0.40*
Pain Domain total 21.02 20.40 6.39 5.38 0.62*
Presence or absence of pain 1.23 1.16 0.43 0.37 0.39*
VAS 6.27 5.71 2.84 2.90 0.36*
Pain associated with amount of physical activities 3.20 3.02 1.25 1.32 0.50*
Sleep disturbance 2.20 2.13 1.10 1.04 0.74*
Pain at voiding 3.33 3.09 1.24 1.04 0.34*
Flank pain at voiding 1.37 1.47 0.49 0.50 0.37*
Frequency of painkiller 2.16 2 1.13 0.93 0.46*
Overall bother 3.05 2.84 1.31 1.04 0.42*
General health Domain total 15.12 14.04 5.97 5.09 0.37*
  Difficulties with light physical activity 2.23 1.91 1.36 0.99 0.20*
  Difficulties with heavy physical activity 2.77 2.18 1.46 1.21 0.04*
  Feeling tired 2.33 2.4 1.21 1.18 0.77*
  Feeling calm and peaceful 3.40 3.53 1.43 1.42 0.65*
  Social life enjoyment 2.88 2.62 1.33 1.34 0.36*
  Need extra help 1.51 1.4 0.91 0.86 0.56*
Work performance Domain total 14.41 15.6 6.32 7.04 0.41*
Type of employment 2.30 3.31 2.22 2.65 0.06*
Number of days bed rest all day long 1.79 1.47 2.73 2.30 0.55*
Number of days reduced more than half daily activity 1.80 2.24 1.80 2.64 0.30*
Position or role in workplace 1.81 1.75 0.93 0.84 0.74*
Frequency of rest 1.98 1.08 2.44 1.22 0.06*
Stent related changes on work 2.28 1.98 1.22 1.05 0.22*
Changes in work duration 2.51 2.44 1.45 1.27 0.82*
Sexual matters       
No active sexual life: n (%) 42(97.6) 38(82.6) - - 0.02**
Stop of sexual Intercourse after stent: n (%) 22(52) 18(47.3) - - 0.82**
Stop of sexual intercourse due to stent-related problem: n (%) 17(77) 8(44.4) - - 0.03**
Additional problems Need for additional antibiotics (%) 0 0 - - -
Admission or additional therapeutic procedure(%) 0 0 - - -
  1. * Student’s t-test, ** χ2 test.