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Table 1 Sample characteristics (overall and by urinary incontinence)

From: Urinary incontinence, mental health and loneliness among community-dwelling older adults in Ireland

    Urinary incontinence  
Characteristic Categories Overall No Yes P-valuea
Age (years) 50–59 40.5 41.9 30.3 <0.001
  60–69 30.7 30.9 29.8  
  70–79 20.0 19.2 25.1  
  ≥80 8.8 7.9 14.9  
Sex Male 47.9 51.4 23.8 <0.001
  Female 52.1 48.6 76.2  
Education Primary 38.1 37.2 44.0 <0.001
  Secondary 43.3 44.1 38.3  
  Tertiary 18.6 18.8 17.6  
Financial strain Never 23.1 23.4 20.7 <0.001
  Rarely 21.6 21.7 21.5  
  Sometimes 36.4 36.8 33.3  
  Often 18.9 18.1 24.6  
Number of None 23.4 25.2 11.5 <0.001
chronic conditions One 28.1 28.8 22.9  
  Two or more 48.5 46.0 65.6  
ADL disability No 90.9 92.7 78.7 <0.001
  Yes 9.1 7.3 21.3  
Social Network Index Most isolated 7.5 7.0 10.5 0.011
  Moderately isolated 28.8 28.9 27.4  
  Moderately integrated 41.0 41.1 40.3  
  Most integrated 22.7 22.9 21.9  
Depression Mean (SD) 5.7 (6.8) 5.2 (6.4) 9.1 (8.6) <0.001
Anxiety Mean (SD) 5.5 (3.7) 5.3 (3.6) 6.7 (4.1) <0.001
  1. The data are column percentages unless otherwise stated
  2. Estimates are based on weighted sample
  3. Abbreviation: ADL Activities of daily living, SD Standard deviation
  4. aThe difference in sample characteristics by urinary incontinence was tested by Chi-square tests and Student’s t-tests for categorical and continuous variables, respectively