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Table 4 Association between frequency of urinary incontinence or activity limitations due to urinary incontinence (independent variables) and loneliness (dependent variable) restricted to individuals with urinary incontinence estimated by logistic regression

From: Urinary incontinence, mental health and loneliness among community-dwelling older adults in Ireland

Characteristic Categories Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Frequency of Once a month or less Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Urinary incontinence More than once a month 1.10 0.99 0.99 0.87 1.04 0.91
   [0.78,1.56] [0.69,1.43] [0.68,1.44] [0.59,1.29] [0.71,1.54] [0.61,1.36]
Activity limitations No activity limitations Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Due to urinary Activity limitations 1.70** 1.52* 1.54* 1.30 1.51* 1.34
Incontinence   [1.20,2.41] [1.05,2.20] [1.06,2.24] [0.87,1.93] [1.00,2.28] [0.88,2.04]
  1. Data are odds ratio [95% confidence interval]
  2. Model 1: Unadjusted
  3. Model 2: Adjusted for age, sex, education, financial strain, number of chronic conditions, and ADL disability
  4. Model 3: Adjusted for variables in Model 2 and the Social Network Index
  5. Model 4: Adjusted for variables in Model 3 and depression
  6. Model 5: Adjusted for variables in Model 3 and anxiety
  7. Model 6: Adjusted for variables in Model 3, depression, and anxiety
  8. Abbreviation: Ref Reference category
  9. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01