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Table 2 Perioperative data and outcomes

From: The usefulness of flexible cystoscopy for preventing double-J stent malposition after laparoscopic ureterolithotomy

Variable Quantity/Value
Operation time (min.) 137 ± 52.44 (45–280)
EBL (ml) 58.6 ± 15.78 (20–90)
Method of surgical approach
 Transperitoneal 84 (86.6%)
 Retroperitoneal 13 (13.4%)
Surgeon
 1 40 (41.2%)
 2 26 (26.8%)
 3 20 (20.6%)
 4 11 (11.3%)
Upward malpositioning after surgery without using flexible cystoscopy 9/47 (19.1%)
Flexible cystoscopy use 50/97
 Case adjusted by flexible cystoscopy 10/50(20%)
 Upward malpositioning after surgery using flexible cystoscope 0/50 (0%)
Mean added time for flexible cystoscopy (min.) 4 min 30s
  1. Data are presented as n (%), mean ± SD (range) or median (range)
  2. EBL Estimated Blood Loss