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Table 2 Sociodemographic variables and Urine culture testing rates in Calgary, Alberta for 2011

From: Sociodemographic correlates of urine culture test utilization in Calgary, Alberta

Socio-demographic Variable Relative Risk (RR) RR 95% Confidence Interval Parameter Estimate P-value
Female 2.583 2.539 2.629 0.9491 <0.0001
Malea 1.000 Reference Reference Reference
Age < 15 0.586 0.548 0.627 −0.534 <0.0001
Age 15–39 1.689 1.587 1.797 0.524 <0.0001
Age 40–49 0.624 0.587 0.663 −0.472 <0.0001
Age 50–59 0.660 0.623 0.700 −0.415 <0.0001
Age 60–69 0.550 0.520 0.581 −0.599 <0.0001
Age ≥ 70b 1.000 Reference Reference Reference
Median Household Income ≥$100,000 0.074 0.038 0.147 −2.600 <0.0001
Employment Rate 0.367 0.251 0.537 −1.002 <0.0001
University Education 1.091 0.864 1.377 0.087 0.464
Recent Immigrant (≤ 5 years) 0.678 0.440 1.044 −0.389 0.077
Aboriginal – First Nations 0.289 0.140 0.596 −1.240 0.0008
Chinese 0.672 0.536 0.842 −0.398 0.0005
South Asian 0.924 0.779 1.097 −0.079 0.3656
Filipino 0.791 0.563 1.111 −0.235 0.1761
Visible Minority - Black 0.878 0.392 1.965 −0.130 0.7515
  1. aMales were used as reference for females
  2. bAge group ≥70 was used as a reference for the other age groups