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Table 5 Qualitative analysis of urinary protein and glucose

From: Kidney stone formers have more renal parenchymal crystals than non-stone formers, particularly in the papilla region

Parameter Group −, n (%) ±, n (%) +, n (%) ++, n (%) P-value*
Urinary protein SFs 19 (63.3) 3 (19.0) 7 (23.3) 1 (3.33) 0.7007
NSFs 20 (66.7) 5 (16.7) 4 (13.3) 1 (3.33)  
Urinary glucose SFs 29 (96.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (3.3) 0 (0.0) 0.1785
NSFs 23 (76.7) 1 (3.3) 3 (10.0) 3 (10.0)  
  1. SFs stone formers, NSFs non-stone formers
  2. *P < 0.05 indicates statistically significant differences by the Mann-Whitney U-test