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Table 1 The comparison of clinical parameters between the group with fistula and the group without fistula

From: The risk factors of Urethrocutaneous fistula after hypospadias surgery in the youth population

  Without fistula (n = 81) With fistula (n = 39) P value
age 14.46 ± 3.80 16.82 ± 5.99 0.010*€
Pyuria before surgery 2.47% (2/81) 12.82% (5/39) 0.023*#
Urinary comorbidities before surgery 14.81% (12/81) 28.21% (11/39) 0.081#
Urethral defect length 3.75 ± 3.04 cm 4.86 ± 1.58 cm 0.034*€
Urethral operation history 43.21% (35/81) 69.23%(27/39) 0.008*#
urethral plate tubularization 59.26%(48/81) 46.15% (18/39) 0.177#
penis vascular pedicle flap 39.51% (32/81) 56.41% (22/39) 0.081#
free flap from oral cavity 6.17% (5/81) 0 (0/39) 0.113#
Two-stage surgical procedure 14.81% (12/81) 10.26% (4/39) 0.491#
bladder stoma 12.35% (10/81) 20.51% (8/39) 0.241#
Fever after surgery 9.88% (8/81) 23.08% (9/39) 0.052#
  1. *P < 0.05 #chi-square test €independent t test