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Table 6 End points of the study

From: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy - is it safe in hands of residents in training?

Parameter All Group 1 (residents) Group 2 (specialists) p value
Mean operative time (min, ± SD)) 103.5 (30–350, SD ±43.5) 106.5 (45–220, SD ± 33.35) 102.8 (30–350, SD ± 45.40 0.5761
Median blood loss (ml, IQR) 50 (20–100) ml 50 (30–100) ml 50 (20–100) ml 0.4325
Intraoperative adverse events, n (%) 26 (8.67%) 5 (9.26%) 21 (8.54%) 0.8643
Complications, n (%) 15 (5.00%) 3 (5.56%) 12 (4.88%) 0.6442
Intraoperative difficulties, n (%) 40 (13.33%) 13 (24.07%) 27 (10.98%) 0.0104
Conversion of the operator, n (%) 25 (8.33%) 7 (12.96%) 18 (7.32%) 0.1741
Conversion to open surgery, n (%) 2 (0.67%) 0 (0.00%) 2 (0.81%)
Reoperation, n (%) 2 (0.67%) 0 (0.00%) 2 (0.81%)
Readmission, n (%) 5 (1.67%) 0 (0.00%) 5 (2.03%)
Mean length of hospital stay (days, ± SD) 1.93 (1–2, SD ±1.11) 1.69 (1–2, SD ±0.97) 1.98 (1–2, SD ±1.14) 0.0422
30-day mortality rate, n (%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)