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Table 4 GRADE-CERQUAL summary of findings

From: A meta-ethnography to understand the experience of living with urinary incontinence: ‘is it just part and parcel of life?’

Review finding Studies contributing Methodological limitations Relevance Coherence number of studies Adequacy number of themes Overall confidence
Am i ill or is this normal? [116,117,118,119,120,121, 123, 125, 129,130,131, 133,134,135, 137,138,139,140,141,142, 144,145,146, 150, 151, 153, 154, 156] 3 key paper, 38 satisfactory 34 direct, 3 indirect, 3 partial 28/41 80 High 20 to 31 studies contributed 69 to 93 concepts that supported these themes. We also found rich use of narrative to support the themes
It effects who i am and how i feel [126, 127, 129,130,131, 133,134,135,136,137, 139, 141,142,143,144,145, 148, 149, 151, 153] 2 key paper, 39 satisfactory 37 direct, 3 indirect 1 partial 20/41 69
I feel stigmatised, ashamed and guilty [116,117,118,119, 121,122,123,124,125, 127,128,129,130,131, 134,135,136,137, 140,141,142,143,144,145, 149, 152, 155, 156] 4 key paper, 37 satisfactory 38 direct,
2 indirect
1 partial
28/41 80
Talking can be difficult (but it can help) [116,117,118,119,120, 122,123,124,125, 128,129,130,131,132,133,134, 137, 138, 140, 142, 144,145,146,147,148,149, 151, 153,154,155,156] 3 key paper, 38 satisfactory 33 direct,
5 indirect, 3 partial
31/41 93
I must keep incontinence under control [116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123, 125, 127, 128, 131, 133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143, 150,151,152,153, 155, 156] 4 key paper, 37 satisfactory 34 direct,
4 indirect, 3 partial
29/41 76
Have i got to the point that i need help? [118, 125, 134, 135, 145, 146, 150, 154, 155] 1 key paper, 40 satisfactory 40 direct,
1 indirect
9/41 17 Moderate downgraded due to fewer studies contributing although narrative rich