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Table 2 Predictive factors for urinary incontinence at 3 days, 1 month, and 3 months after HoLEP

From: Preoperative pelvic floor muscle exercise for early continence after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: a randomized controlled study

Variable  Univariate  Multivariate 
Odds ratio95%CIP-valueOdds ratio95%CIP-value
 3 days0.820.31-2.200.800.830.30-2.280.72
Age (years) (75 vs <75)1 month1.260.47-3.370.801.340.48-3.760.57
3months2.000.52-7.720.481.420.29-6.560.65
3 days1.240.48-3.170.81   
BMI (kg/m2) (24 vs <24)1 month0.760.29-1.970.63   
3months1.960.50-7.680.50   
3 days0.530.19-1.480.30   
Diabetes mellitus (yes vs no)1 month1.070.39-2.961.00   
3months1.560.39-6.190.71   
3 days0.830.32-2.150.810.800.30-2.100.65
Prostate volume (mL) (60 vs <60)1 month1.670.64-4.350.341.660.63-4.460.30
3months2.440.56-10.70.292.430.54-13.20.25
3 days0.780.30-2.000.64   
Operation time (min) (90 vs <90)1 month1.210.47-3.130.81   
3months3.270.77-13.90.17   
3 days1.010.35-2.911.00   
Enucleate prostate weight (g) (50 vs <50)1 month2.130.73-6.210.19   
3months3.290.83-13.00.12   
3 days0.560.22-1.450.340.510.19-1.330.17
Pelvic floor muscle exercise (preoperative vs postoperative)1 month0.560.22-1.450.340.540.20-1.420.21
3months0.080.01-0.710.010.100.005-0.600.01
  1. BMI Body mass index, HoLEP Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate