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Table 1 The prevalence of symptoms of bladder dysfunction based on individual variables (sex, age group, marital status, education, and BMI)

From: Quality of life among patients with multiple sclerosis and voiding dysfunction: a cross-sectional study

Variables Lack of LUTS Irritative (storage) symptoms Obstructive (voiding) symptoms Mixed symptoms P -values
Sex Total 94 (15.6) 154 (25.6) 39 (6.5) 315 (52.3) 0.014
Female 72 (15.2) 134 (28.3) 26 (5.5) 242 (51.1(
Male 22 (17.2) 20 (15.6) 13 (10.2) 73 (57.0)
Age group (years) <  30 44 (23.4) 47 (25.0) 10 (5.3) 87 (46.3) 0.004
>  30 50 (12.1) 107 (25.8) 29 (7.0) 228 (55.1)
Marital status Single 35 (18.6) 40 (21.3) 9 (4.8) 104 (55.3) 0.155
Married 59 (14.3) 114 (27.5) 30 (7.2) 211 (51.0)
Education level Pre-high school degree 12 (8.3) 36 (24.8) 5 (3.4) 92 (63.4) 0.002
high school degree 29 (13.6) 63 (29.6) 16 (7.5) 105 (49.3)
College 53 (21.7) 55 (22.5) 18 (7.4) 118 (48.4)
BMI (kg/m2) <  18.5 5 (10.6) 12 (25.5) 2 (4.3) 28 (59.6) 0.777
18.5–25 57 (17.4) 83 (25.4) 23 (7.0) 164 (50.2)
> 25 32 (14.0) 59 (25.9) 14 (6.1) 123 (53.9)
  1. BMI Body Image Index, Data was presented as frequency (percentage) for categorical variables. P-values were derived from chi-square test