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Table 4 Comparison of the mean scores of quality of life domains and physical and mental health composite dimensions of quality of life between the three groups with different severity levels of LUTS

From: Quality of life among patients with multiple sclerosis and voiding dysfunction: a cross-sectional study

QOL domains Mild
(n = 260)
Moderate
(n = 197)
Severe
(n = 51)
P-values
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Physical function 65.50 (30.18) 47.56 (30.90) 37.16 (29.62) <  0.001
Role limitations due to physical problems 50.09 (44.62) 26.14 (39.31) 18.63 (34.94) <  0.001
Role limitations due to emotional problems 49.36 (46.63) 36.72 (45.22) 24.83 (41.01) <  0.001
Pain 76.95 (23.19) 65.43 (27.04) 63.46 (28.51) <  0.001
Emotional well-being 62.62 (19.40) 54.03 (21.07) 52.23 (19.02) <  0.001
Energy 54.51 (20.29) 44.57 (19.58) 41.96 (20.79) <  0.001
Health perceptions 58.25 (20.61) 49.44 (20.07) 47.45 (21.80) <  0.001
Social function 79.17 (18.66) 65.36 (24.00) 56.53 (21.81) <  0.001
Cognitive function 75.88 (24.54) 68.17 (26.98) 63.52 (26.37) <  0.001
Health distress 73.44 (26.48) 60.07 (29.30) 56.86 (25.96) <  0.001
Sexual function 70.02 (29.25) 55.96 (33.06) 55.55 (33.18) <  0.001
Change in health 49.04 (29.37) 44.42 (29.57) 40.69 (28.70) 0.086
Satisfaction with sexual function 60.63 (32.06) 51.92 (36.91) 56.82 (34.95) 0.092
Overall QOL 67.21 (17.94) 58.24 (20.78) 53.66 (23.00) <  0.001
Physical health composite score 65.15 (18.03) 50.12 (18.81) 47.04 (19.02) <  0.001
Mental health composite score 63.77 (19.82) 53.60 (20.03) 48.26 (19.52) <  0.001
  1. LUTS lower urinary tract symptoms, QOL Quality of life, SD Standard deviation; P-values were derived from one-way ANOVA