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Table 5 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of patients with multiple sclerosis and urinary problems

From: Quality of life among patients with multiple sclerosis and voiding dysfunction: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P-values Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P-values
Physical health composite dimensions of QOL 1.054 (1.032 to 1.077) <  0.001 1.035 (1.000 to 1.071) 0.050
Mental health composite dimensions of QOL 1.035 (1.021 to 1.049) <  0.001 1.005 (0.979 to 1.032) 0.695
Gender Female 0.819 (0.463 to 1.449) 0.492 0.365 (0.130–1.029) 0.057
Male Ref
Age (year) < 30 2.660 (1.624to 4.357) <  0.001 3.273 (1.083 to 9.860) 0.035
> 30 Ref
BMI (kg/m2) 0.958 (0.903 to 1.017) 0.159 0.941 (0.855 to 1.036) 0.215
Marital status 1.400 (0.845 to 2.320) 0.192 0.000 (0.000 to -) 0.999
Educational status Secondary school degree or below 0.338 (0.159 to 0.718) 0.005 0.591 (0.188 to 1.859) 0.369
High school degree 0.678 (0.396 to 1.161) 0.157 0.764 (0.337 to 1.728) 0.517
University degree Ref
Disease duration (year) 0.922 (0.876 to 0.972) 0.002 1.078 (0.963 to 1.207) 0.191
EDSS 0.647 (0. 545 to 0. 768) <  0.001 0.798 (0.562 to 1.133) 0.207
clinical course RRMS 0.496 (0.203 to 1.214) 0.125 0.321 (0. 100 to1.030) 0.056
Progressive 0.053 (0.010 to 0.271) <  0.001 0.000 (0.000 to -) 0.997
CIS Ref
Marriage duration (year) 0.947 (0.912 to 0.983) 0.005 0.986 (0.915 to 1.062) 0.710
Age at onset of disease (year) 0.979 (.948 to1.011) 0.187 1.063 (0.966 to 1.169) 0.209
  1. QOL Quality of life, EDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale, RRMS Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, CIS Clinically isolated syndrome
  2. OR adjusted based on individual variables (age, sex, marital status, duration of marriage, educational status, and occupation) and clinical variables (age at onset of disease, disease duration, EDSS, course of the disease, anxiety, depression, and stress)