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Table 2 Characteristics of patients with and without sepsis

From: Presepsin and procalcitonin as predictors of sepsis based on the new Sepsis-3 definitions in obstructive acute pyelonephritis

VariablesSepsis groupNon-sepsis groupP-value
n%n%
Patients  11 50  
Age (yr) Median [IQR]73 [55–77] 61 [52–76] 0.209
Gender Male327.32142.0 
 Female872.72958.00.365
Performance status 0, 1981.84794.0 
 2, 3218.236.00.182
Diabetes mellitus Negative872.73774.0 
 Positive327.31326.00.931
Cardiovascular or neurologic disease Negative763.64284.0 
 Positive436.4816.00.124
Immunocompromised status Negative1090.94896.0 
 Positive19.124.00.480
CCI scores 0–2872.74794.0 
 ≥3327.336.00.066
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) Median [IQR]1.50 [1.22–2.14] 1.17 [0.78–1.70] 0.058
Leukocyte counts (×103/μL) Median [IQR]18.3 [10.0–22.3] 12.8 [10.1–15.5] 0.073
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) Median [IQR]14.17 [4.84–24.51] 10.72 [6.66–16.34] 0.586
Platelet counts (× 104/μL) Median [IQR]10.1 [6.1–14.8] 19.2 [15.5–26.9] 0.001
Serum albumin (g/dL) Median [IQR]3.0 [2.6–3.5] 3.6 [3.2–4.0] 0.016
PCT (ng/mL) Median [IQR]31.57 [1.83–134.40] 0.54 [0.14–4.86] < 0.001
PSEP (pg/mL) Median [IQR]1080 [696–1550] 387 [313–558] < 0.001
Midstream urine culture Negative00.0714.0 
 Positive11100.04386.00.187
Blood culture Negative19.13876.0 
 Positive1090.91224.0< 0.001
Hydronephrosis Low-grade763.63264.0 
 High-grade436.41836.00.982
Laterality of stone Right545.52550.0 
 Left654.52550.00.785
Position of stone Renal pelvis or PUJ218.248.0 
 Upper ureter654.52958.0 
 Mid ureter19.1816.0 
 Lower ureter218.2918.00.738
Size of stone (mm)Longest diameterMedian [IQR]7.0 [5.0–12.0] 8.0 [6.0–10.0] 0.806
Shortest diameterMedian [IQR]4.0 [3.0–8.0] 5.0 [4.0–7.0] 0.842
Drainage Ureteral stent1090.94692.0 
 Nephrostomy19.148.00.905
  1. CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, PCT Procalcitonin, PSEP Presepsin, PUJ Pelvic ureteral junction