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Table 1 Baseline demographics and characteristics

From: An evidence-based self-management package for urinary incontinence in older women: a mixed methods feasibility study

Variable Overall Intervention group Control group p-value
n % n % n %
Total 49 24 25  
Age (Mean, SD) 69.7 9.1 69.5 8.9 69.6 9.6 0.994
Ethnicity        0.157
White British 38 77.6% 16 66.7% 22 88.0%  
Asian Indian 9 18.4% 7 29.2% 2 8.0%  
Mixed White and Black African 2 4.1% 1 4.2% 1 4.0%  
Education        0.486
Primary 4 8.2% 3 12.5% 1 4.0%  
Secondary 16 32.7% 9 37.5% 7 28.0%  
Further 14 28.6% 5 20.8% 9 36.0%  
Higher 15 30.6% 7 29.2% 8 32.0%  
Religion        0.108
No religion 9 18.4% 5 20.8% 4 16.0%  
Christian 31 63.3% 12 50.0% 19 76.0%  
Hindu 9 18.4% 7 29.2% 2 8.0%  
Marital status        0.365
Single 6 12.2% 3 12.5% 3 12.0%  
Married 27 55.1% 15 62.5% 12 48.0%  
Separated 1 2.0% 0 0.0% 1 4.0%  
Divorced 3 6.1% 0 0.0% 3 12.0%  
Widowed 12 24.5% 6 25.0% 6 24.0%  
Employment        0.573
Full time employed 3 6.1% 1 4.2% 2 8.0%  
Part time employed 5 10.2% 3 12.5% 2 8.0%  
Self employed 1 2.0% 0 0.0% 1 4.0%  
Not in paid employment 2 4.1% 1 4.2% 1 4.0%  
Unemployed-looking for work 1 2.0% 0 0.0% 1 4.0%  
Retired 35 71.4% 19 79.2% 16 64.0%  
Unable to work 2 4.1% 0 0.0% 2 8.0%  
Children        0.421
None 11 22.4% 5 20.8% 6 24.0%  
1 3 6.1% 1 4.2% 2 8.0%  
2 18 36.7% 9 37.5% 9 36.0%  
3 11 22.4% 4 16.7% 7 28.0%  
UI type        0.672
Stress UI 14 28.6% 8 33.3% 6 24.0%  
Urge UI 17 34.7% 7 29.2% 10 40.0%  
Mixed UI 18 36.7% 9 37.5% 9 36.0%  
Frequency of UI (average per day)        0.070
None 16 32.7% 12 50.0% 4 16.0%  
1 8 16.3% 3 12.5% 5 20.0%  
2 5 10.2% 1 4.2% 4 16.0%  
3 9 18.4% 5 20.8% 4 16.0%  
4+ 11 22.4% 3 12.5% 8 32.0%  
  1. UI urinary incontinence