Skip to main content

Table 2 Median, interquartile range (IQR), mean, standard deviation (SD) and p-values of outcome measurements at baseline

From: An evidence-based self-management package for urinary incontinence in older women: a mixed methods feasibility study

Variable Dimensions Intervention group Control group p-value
n % Median IQR Mean SD n % Median IQR Mean SD
EQ-5D-5L Mobility              0.675
No/slight problem 18 75.0%      20 80.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 6 25.0%      5 20.0%      
Selfcare              0.527
No/slight problem 22 91.7%      24 96.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 2 8.3%      1 4.0%      
Usual activities              0.662
No/slight problem 19 79.2%      21 84.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 5 20.8%      4 16.0%      
Pain & discomfort              0.315
No/slight problem 14 58.3%      18 72.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 10 41.7%      7 28.0%      
Anxiety & depression              0.524
No/slight problem 20 83.3%      19 76.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 4 16.7%      6 24.0%      
Index 24   0.90 0.23 0.82 0.17 25   0.83 0.14 0.79 0.19 0.643
VAS 24   77.50 27.50 71.67 18.04 25   70.00 25.00 64.40 25.59 0.258
KHQ Part I              
General health perception (0-100) 24   25.00 25.00 33.33 21.70 25   25.00 25.00 32.00 15.34 0.804
Incontinence impact (0-100) 24   33.33 33.33 45.83 23.70 24   66.67 33.33 56.94 20.80 0.091
Part II              
Role limitations (0-100) 24   16.67 33.33 20.14 22.51 25   33.33 33.33 33.33 24.06 0.054
Physical limitations (0-100) 24   16.67 41.67 22.92 22.42 25   33.33 33.33 30.67 20.79 0.216
Social limitations (0-100) 24   0.00 13.89 9.03 13.19 25   0.00 22.22 16.44 24.40 0.195
Personal relationships (0-100) 15   0.00 0.00 5.56 12.06 14   0.00 0.00 11.90 25.68 0.396
Emotions (0-100) 24   11.11 22.22 16.67 19.93 24   11.11 11.11 17.59 14.98 0.856
Sleep/energy (0-100) 24   33.33 41.67 37.50 28.34 25   50.00 50.00 47.33 32.16 0.263
Severity measures (0-100) 24   33.33 29.17 34.03 22.10 25   41.67 33.33 48.67 22.91 0.028
Part III              
Symptom severity scale (0-30) 24   7.50 5.50 8.00 4.39 25   10.00 3.00 9.92 4.06 0.119
ICIQ-UI SF Scale (0-21) 24   8.00 6.50 8.63 4.03 25   9.00 6.00 9.68 4.19 0.374
GSE-UI Scale (0-120) 24   84.50 33.50 84.96 18.89 25   55.00 23.00 57.76 23.55 0.000
HADS Anxiety scale (0-21) 24   6.50 6.50 7.13 5.12 25   7.00 5.00 7.56 4.56 0.755
Normal 13 54.2%      13 52.0%      0.868
Mild 7 29.2%      6 24.0%      
Moderate 2 8.3%      4 16.0%      
Severe 2 8.3%      2 8.0%      
Depression scale (0-21) 24   3.00 3.50 3.67 3.29 25   3.00 4.00 3.88 4.02 0.840
Normal 20 83.3%      23 92.0%      0.318
Mild 2 8.3%      0 0.0%      
Moderate 2 8.3%      1 4.0%      
Severe 0       0       
  1. T-tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variablesVAS Visual Analogue Scale, KHQ King’s Health Questionnaire, ICIQ-UI SF International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – urinary incontinence short form, GSE-UI Geriatric Self-Efficacy index for urinary incontinence, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale