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Table 3 Median, interquartile range (IQR), mean, standard deviation (SD) and p-values of outcome measurements at 12-week follow up

From: An evidence-based self-management package for urinary incontinence in older women: a mixed methods feasibility study

Variable Dimensions Intervention group Control group p-value
n % Median IQR Mean SD n % Median IQR Mean SD
EQ-5D-5L Mobility              0.478
No/slight problem 21 87.5%      20 80.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 3 12.5%      5 20.0%      
Selfcare              0.322
No/slight problem 24 100.0%      24 96.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 0 0.0%      1 4.0%      
Usual activities              0.950
No/slight problem 20 83.3%      21 84.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 4 16.7%      4 16.0%      
Pain & discomfort              0.682
No/slight problem 17 70.8%      19 76.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 7 29.2%      6 24.0%      
Anxiety & depression              0.957
No/slight problem 21 87.5%      22 88.0%      
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 3 12.5%      3 12.0%      
Index 24   0.92 0.26 0.86 0.16 25   0.88 0.16 0.83 0.19 0.471
VAS 24   80.00 20.00 78.54 17.60 25   75.00 15.00 73.00 14.93 0.240
KHQ Part I              
General health perception (0-100) 24   25.00 12.50 30.21 23.29 25   25.00 25.00 31.00 20.77 0.900
Incontinence impact (0-100) 24   33.33 33.33 45.83 21.56 25   33.33 33.33 49.33 25.68 0.609
Part II              
Role limitations (0-100) 24   16.67 33.33 20.14 23.04 25   33.33 33.33 30.67 23.90 0.123
Physical limitations (0-100) 24   16.67 33.33 22.92 22.42 25   33.33 33.33 32.67 24.76 0.156
Social limitations (0-100) 24   0.00 5.56 5.56 10.87 25   0.00 11.11 8.22 20.98 0.581
Personal relationships (0-100) 16   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 16   0.00 0.00 5.21 11.74 0.086
Emotions (0-100) 24   11.11 22.22 12.50 14.40 25   11.11 22.22 16.44 20.06 0.435
Sleep/energy (0-100) 24   16.67 33.33 27.08 31.01 25   33.33 33.33 37.33 31.28 0.255
Severity measures (0-100) 24   25.00 16.67 26.39 17.66 25   33.33 25.00 37.33 20.99 0.055
Part III              
Symptom severity scale (0-30) 24   6.00 4.00 6.38 2.93 25   10.00 4.00 9.04 3.51 0.006
ICIQ-UI SF Scale (0-21) 24   4.50 4.00 5.38 2.83 25   9.00 5.00 7.76 4.08 0.022
GSE-UI Scale (0-120) 24   94.50 31.00 89.13 23.86 25   67.00 34.00 69.08 25.46 0.007
HADS Anxiety scale (0-21) 24   5.00 6.00 5.13 4.59 25   7.00 5.00 7.80 4.65 0.049
Normal 19 79.2%      16 64.0%      0.593
Mild 2 8.3%      4 16.0%      
Moderate 2 8.3%      2 8.0%      
Severe 1 4.2%      3 12.0%      
Depression scale (0-21) 24   2.00 3.50 3.08 3.28 25   3.00 3.00 3.44 3.92 0.732
Normal 21 87.5%      22 88.0%      0.720
Mild 2 8.3%      1 4.0%      
Moderate 1 4.2%      1 4.0%      
Severe 0 0.0%      0       
  1. T-tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables VAS Visual Analogue Scale, KHQ King’s Health Questionnaire, ICIQ-UI SF International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – urinary incontinence short form, GSE-UI Geriatric Self-Efficacy index for urinary incontinence, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale