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Table 4 Mean, standard error (SE) and p-values of pre-post intervention differences and treatment effect

From: An evidence-based self-management package for urinary incontinence in older women: a mixed methods feasibility study

Variable Dimensions Baseline differencea Follow-up differencea Treatment effectc
ORb/Coef. SE p-value ORb/Coef. SE p-value ORb/Coef. SE p-value
EQ-5D-5L Mobility          
No/slight problem          
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 1.33 0.92 0.675 0.57 0.45 0.481 0.32 0.33 0.267
Selfcare          
No/slight problem          
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem          
Usual activities          
No/slight problem          
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 1.38 1.02 0.663 1.05 0.81 0.950 0.74 0.77 0.774
Pain & discomfort          
No/slight problem          
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 1.84 1.12 0.317 1.30 0.85 0.683 0.63 0.62 0.637
Anxiety & depression          
No/slight problem          
Moderate/Severe/extreme problem 0.63 0.46 0.526 1.05 0.91 0.957 1.24 1.14 0.811
Index 0.02 0.05 0.643 0.04 0.05 0.471 0.02 0.03 0.540
VAS 7.27 6.35 0.258 5.54 4.66 0.240 3.82 4.51 0.402
KHQ Part I          
General health perception (0-100) 1.33 5.35 0.804 -0.79 6.30 0.900 -1.63 5.38 0.763
Incontinence impact (0-100) -11.11 6.44 0.091 -3.50 6.79 0.609 3.07 6.26 0.626
Part II          
Role limitations (0-100) -13.19 6.66 0.054 -10.53 6.71 0.123 -1.06 4.96 0.831
Physical limitations (0-100) -7.75 6.17 0.216 -9.75 6.76 0.156 -3.82 4.96 0.446
Social limitations (0-100) -7.42 5.64 0.195 -2.67 4.80 0.581 1.66 3.61 0.648
Personal relationships (0-100) -6.35 7.37 0.396 -5.21 2.93 0.086 -3.89 2.19 0.088
Emotions (0-100) -0.93 5.09 0.856 -3.94 5.01 0.435 -3.44 3.24 0.294
Sleep/energy (0-100) -9.83 8.67 0.263 -10.25 8.90 0.255 -3.68 6.92 0.598
Severity measures (0-100) -14.64 6.44 0.028 -10.94 5.55 0.055 -1.36 3.86 0.725
Part III          
Symptom severity scale (0-30) -1.92 1.21 0.119 -2.67 0.93 0.006 -1.77 0.76 0.025
ICIQ-UI SF Scale (0-21) -1.06 1.18 0.374 -2.39 1.01 0.022 -1.87 0.84 0.031
GSE-UI Scale (0-120) 27.20 6.11 0.000 20.05 7.05 0.007 -4.90 5.16 0.348
HADS Anxiety scale (0-21) -0.44 1.38 0.755 -2.68 1.32 0.049 -2.31 0.66 0.001
Normal          
Ill 0.92 0.53 0.879 0.47 0.31 0.245 0.34 0.28 0.188
Depression scale (0-21) -0.21 1.05 0.840 -0.36 1.03 0.732 -0.17 0.46 0.715
Normal          
Ill 2.30 2.11 0.364 1.05 0.91 0.957 0.44 0.54 0.505
  1. VAS Visual Analogue Scale, KHQ King’s Health Questionnaire, ICIQ-UI SF International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – urinary incontinence short form, GSE-UI Geriatric Self-Efficacy index for urinary incontinence, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression ScaleaDifference=intervention-control; bOR: odds ratio; cFor each outcome, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with the baseline outcome was used to estimate the treatment effect