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Table 5 Correlation between PGI-I and changes in outcomes within intervention group

From: An evidence-based self-management package for urinary incontinence in older women: a mixed methods feasibility study

Mean change (SD) PGI-I Spearman's correlation
Very much worse Much worse A little worse No change A little better Much better Very much better
  0 (0%) 0 (0%) 4 (16.7) 3 (12.5) 9 (37.5) 7 (29.2) 1 (4.2)  
EQ-5D-5L
 Index NA NA 0.03 (0.10) 0.08 (0.01) 0.05 (0.09) 0.05 (0.14) 0.00 (.) -0.05
 VAS NA NA 2.50 (16.58) 8.33 (23.63) 13.89 (18.33) 2.86 (14.39) -15.00 (.) -0.04
KHQ
 Part I
  General health perception (0-100) NA NA 12.50 (43.30) 8.33 (14.43) -8.33 (17.68) -14.29 (13.36) 25.00 (.) -0.25
  Incontinence impact (0-100) NA NA -8.33 (16.67) 0.00 (33.33) 7.41 (27.78) -4.76 (12.60) 0.00 (.) 0.05
 Part II
  Role limitations (0-100) NA NA -8.33 (9.62) 5.56 (9.62) -0.00 (18.63) 2.38 (17.82) 0.00 (.) 0.15
  Physical limitations (0-100) NA NA 8.33 (28.87) 0.00 (16.67) 1.85 (15.47) -4.76 (8.13) -16.67 (.) -0.19
  Social limitations (0-100) NA NA -5.56 (6.42) 0.00 (0.00) -0.62 (14.28) -7.94 (12.36) 0.00 (.) -0.05
  Personal relationships (0-100) NA NA -16.67 (16.67) 0.00 (.) 0.00 (0.00) -6.67 (14.91) 0.00 (.) 0.29
  Emotions (0-100) NA NA -11.11 (20.29) 0.00 (0.00) -3.70 (9.62) -6.35 (8.74) 22.22 (.) 0.08
  Sleep/energy (0-100) NA NA -4.17 (20.97) -22.22 (9.62) -7.41 (23.73) -21.43 (20.89) 50.00 (.) -0.02
  Severity measures (0-100) NA NA -12.50 (4.81) -22.22 (17.35) -3.70 (10.30) -4.76 (13.49) 0.00 (.) 0.38*
 Part III
  Symptom severity scale (0-30) NA NA -1.25 (6.50) 0.00 (4.36) -1.89 (3.92) -2.43 (3.78) 0.00 (.) -0.13
ICIQ-UI SF
 Scale (0-21) NA NA -2.75 (2.22) -1.33 (4.51) -3.89 (3.66) -3.86 (4.34) -1.00 (.) -0.02
GSE-UI
 Scale (0-120) NA NA -15.00 (17.03) 0.67 (11.02) 8.78 (9.87) 10.71 (15.64) 4.00 (.) 0.43**
HADS
 Anxiety scale (0-21) NA NA -1.75 (0.96) -0.67 (1.53) -1.11 (1.96) -4.14 (3.34) 0.00 (.) -0.22
 Depression scale (0-21) NA NA -1.00 (1.63) 0.33 (0.58) -0.56 (1.88) -0.86 (2.12) 0.00 (.) -0.02
  1. PGI-I Patient Global Impression: Improvement, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, KHQ King’s Health Questionnaire, ICIQ-UI SF International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – urinary incontinence short form, GSE-UI Geriatric Self-Efficacy index for urinary incontinence, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale**p < 0.05; *p < 0.1