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Table 3 Glans injury type by male circumcision method in PEPFAR supported VMMC programs, 2015–2018

From: Case series of glans injuries during voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention — eastern and southern Africa, 2015–2018

MC methodAmputationLacerationStrangulationUnknown type of injuryTotal
CompletePartialDegree not specified
Forceps-guided9 (31%)11 (38%)1 (3%)3 (10%)0 (0%)5 (17%)29 (100%)
Dorsal slit0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)3 (75%)1 (25%)0 (0%)4 (100%)
Mogen clampa0 (0%)2 (67%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (33%)3 (100%)
All methods9 (25%)13 (36%)1 (3%)6 (17%)1 (3%)6 (17%)36 (100%)
  1. aMogen clamp used only in early infant (< 60 days old) circumcisions