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Table 1 Basic study and patient characteristics. Patients presenting with acute renal colic at the emergency department

From: Prevalence of microhematuria in renal colic and urolithiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Year Country Study design No. of patients % Male Mean age ± SD (years)
Kim et al. [13] 2018 South Korea Retrospective, observational 798 68.6 48.2 ± 13.3
Desai et al. [14] 2018 USA Retrospective, observational 350 NR NR
Türk and Ün [15]a 2017 Turkey Prospective, observational 516 60.5 37 ± 20.3
Shrestha et al. [16]a 2017 Nepal Retrospective, observational 201 55.2 29 ± 13.5
Odoemene et al. [17]a 2017 Nigeria Prospective, observational 69 76.8 40.4 ± 2.9
Mefford et al. [18] 2017 USA Retrospective, observational 393 69 Median 43 (IQR 32–54)
Rapp et al. [19] 2016 USA Retrospective, observational 613 47 49 ± 0.6
Park et al. [20] 2016 South
Korea
Prospective, RCT 103 66 45.6 ± 12.55
Hernandez et al. [21] 2016 USA Retrospective, observational 536 56 45.9 ± 16.3
Fukuhara et al. [22]a 2016 Japan Retrospective, observational 491 70.5 51.8 ± 15
Dorfman et al. [23] 2016 USA Retrospective, observational 339 55.5 46.8 ± 16.5
Yan et al. [24] 2015 Canada Prospective cohort study 565 62.8 46.6 ± 14.4
Lee et al. [25] 2015 South
Korea
Retrospective, observational 2218 71 43.3 ± 14.2
Hall et al. [26]a 2015 UK Retrospective, observational 513 57.1 45 ± 23.3
Zwank et al. [27] 2014 USA Prospective, observational 93 NR 39 ± NR
Abdel-Gawad et al. [28]a 2014 UAE Retrospective, observational 939 87.9 37.9 ± 11
Inci et al. [7] 2013 Turkey Retrospective, observational 83 42.2 42.1 ± 14.4
Lallas et al. [29] 2011 USA Prospective, observational 32 NR NR
Perez et al. [30]a 2010 Spain Prospective, multicentre, cross-sectional case-control 146 57.53 51.34 ± NR
Xafis et al. [31]a 2008 Switzerland Retrospective, observational 638 NR 44.3 ± 14.6
Serinken et al. [32]a 2008 Turkey Retrospective, observational 235 75.7 31.1 ± 7
Cupisti et al. [33] 2008 Italy Retrospective, observational 696 54 NR
Matani and Al-Ghazo [34]a 2007 Saudi Arabia / Jordan Retrospective, observational 75 61.3 42.2 ± NR
Kartal et al. [35]a 2006 Turkey Prospective, observational 227 64.8 38.4 ± 14
Kirpalani et al. [36] 2005 Canada Retrospective, observational 299 NR NR
Gaspari and Horst [37] 2005 USA Prospective, observational 110 NR NR
Argyropoulos et al. [8] 2004 Greece Retrospective, observational 609 63.2 49.2 ± 15.9
Unal et al. [38]a 2003 Turkey Prospective, observational 137 55 38 ± NR
Tack et al. [39]a 2003 Belgium Prospective, observational 106 50 45 ± NR
Kobayashi et al. [40] 2003 Japan Retrospective, observational 537 78 46.6 ± 14
Eray et al. [41] 2003 Turkey Prospective, observational 65 60 38.8 ± 13.5
Lucks et al. [42] 2002 USA Retrospective, observational 587 NR NR
Hamm et al. [43] 2002 Germany Prospective, observational 109 69.7 49 ± NR
Li et al. [44]a 2001 USA Retrospective, observational 397 73 47 ± 15
Hamm et al. [45] 2001 Germany Prospective, observational 125 72 55 ± 17
Richards and Christman [46] 1999 USA Retrospective, observational 185 NR NR
Bove et al. [47] 1999 USA Retrospective, observational 195 NR NR
Ooi et al. [9]a 1998 Singapore Prospective, observational 122 93 39.7 ± NR
Ghali et al. [48]a 1998 Saudi Arabia Prospective, observational 125 80 39.2 ± NR
Eskelinen et al. [49] 1998 Finland Prospective, observational 57 NR NR
Gimondo et al. [50]a 1996 Italy Retrospective, observational 76 60.5 47 ± NR
Boyd and Gray [51] 1996 UK Prospective, observational 52 NR NR
Press and Smith [52] 1995 USA Retrospective, observational 109 NR NR
Chia et al. [53] 1995 Singapore Prospective, observational 294 72.5 43.5 ± NR
Elton et al. [54]a 1993 USA Retrospective / prospective, observational 275 71.2 46.2 ± 15.7
Stewart et al. [55] 1990 USA Retrospective, observational 160 76.9 NR
Freeland [56] 1987 Northern Ireland Retrospective, observational 134 NR NR
Dunn et al. [57] 1985 USA Retrospective, observational 76 NR 42.7 ± NR
Bishop [58] 1980 UK Prospective, observational 50 NR NR
  1. Abbreviations (alphabetical order): IQR interquartile range, NR not reported, RCT Randomized controlled study, SD standard deviation, UAE United Arab Emirates, UK United Kingdom, USA United States of America
  2. aEnrolled also children