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Table 1 Demographic information

From: External validation of the Simplified PADUA REnal (SPARE) nephrometry system in predicting surgical outcomes after partial nephrectomy

  Total Low risk (0–3) Intermediate risk (4–7) High risk (8–10) P-value
No. 207 120 74 13  
Age, years 58 (15) 58 (16) 56 (17.3) 54 (15) 0.64
Male gender 104 (50.2) 58 (48.3) 36 (48.6) 10 (76.9) 0.15
ASA 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (0) 0.28
CCI 2 (3) 3 (2) 2 (3) 1 (4) 0.09
BMI, kg/m2 25.6 (5.8) 26.1 (5.9) 25.1 (5.9) 22.6 (6.9) 0.16
Hypertension 92 (44.4) 47 (39.2) 39 (52.7) 6 (46.2) 0.21
Diabetes 32 (15.5) 19 (15.8) 11 (14.9) 2 (15.4) 0.42
Tumor size, cm 3.5 (1.9) 3.2 (1.6) 3.9 (2.6) 6.1 (3.1) < 0.001
Surgical approach     0.03
 open 48 (23.2) 19 (15.8) 27 (36.5) 2 (15.4)  
 laparoscopic 52 (25.1) 35 (29.2) 15 (20.3) 2 (15.4)  
 robotic 107 (51.7) 66 (55) 32 (43.2) 9 (69.2)  
R.E.N.A.L. 7 (3) 6 (2) 7 (2.5) 8 (2) < 0.001
PADUA 9 (2) 8 (2) 10 (2.5) 12 (1) < 0.001
SPARE 3 (4) 2 (2) 5 (2.25) 8 (1) < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as median (IQR), or n (%)
  2. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists score, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, BMI body mass index