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Table 1 Selected potential chemolysis agents and concentrations

From: Do organic substances act as a degradable binding matrix in calcium oxalate kidney stones?

Type of chemolysis agent Agent* (Supplier) Concentration (Purity %)
Organic solvents Toluene (Bio Lab, Israel) Neat (99.7%)
Ethanol (J.T. Baker, Holland) Neat (99.5%)
Acetone (Bio Lab, Israel) Neat (99.8%)
Acetonitrile (Bio Lab, Israel) Neat (99.97%)
Dimethylformamide, DMF (Merck) Neat (99.8%)
Tetrahydrofuran, THF (Sigma-Aldrich) Neat (99.9%)
Dimethylsulfoxide (Sigma-Aldrich) Neat (99.5%)
Degradation of organic “cement” (binding agents) H2O2 (Bio Lab, Israel) 8.8 M (30%)
Copper nanoparticles + H2O2 (synthesized26, in house) 0.24 mM CuNP + 1.5% H2O2 (30%)
Fenton: pH 2–4, Fe2+, H2O2 (synthesized27, in house) 1 mM Fe, 11 mM H2O2 (30%)
Macerozyme R-10 plant digestion enzyme (Sigma-Aldrich) 20–40 enzyme units
Drain cleaner (commercial, enzyme-based; HG, Israel) As received
Barbecue grill cleaner (commercial, enzyme-based; HG, Israel) As received
Chelating agents and other agents Potassium citrate, K3C6H5O7 · H2O (Sigma, USA) 16 mM (98%)
EDTA (Sigma, USA) 0.1 M, 1 M, 2.5 M (99%)
SDS (Ridel-de-Haen, Germany) 0.1 mM (90%)
Triton X (Sigma, USA) 0.15 mM (> 99%)
NH4OH (Merck, Germany) Concentrated 16.7 M (25%)
Organic acids Citric acid (Sigma-Aldrich) 0.1 M (99%)
Ascorbic acid, vitamin C (Sigma, USA) 0.1 M (> 99%)
Nicotinic acid (Sigma-Aldrich) 0.1 M (> 98%)
Lactic acid (Sigma-Aldrich) 0.1 M (> 85%)
Oxalic acid (Sigma-Aldrich) 0.3 M (> 85%)
Acetic acid (Bio Lab, Israel) 0.1 M, concentrated 16.7 M (99.8%)
Apple (cider) vinegar (commercial, food store) 5%
Formic acid (J.T. Baker, Holland) 0.1 M, concentrated 21.7 M (98%)
  1. *All agents were as received from manufacturers without further purification or modification