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Table 1 Socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical characteristics of prostate cancer patients in the prostatectomy, incontinence and erectile dysfunction (PIE) study

From: One-year urinary and sexual outcome trajectories among prostate cancer patients treated by radical prostatectomy: a prospective study

  N % or mean (SD)
Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors   
Age (years, mean, SD) 395 60.7 (6.9)
Caucasian (%) 385 91.9
Education (%) 385  
 High school degree or less   16.4
 Some college   30.9
 College degree   23.9
 Post graduate   28.8
Household income (%) 365  
 < $50,000   18.3
 $50,000—< $75,000   20.3
 ≥ $75,000   61.4
Married or living with a partner (%) 395 82.5
Smoking (%) 385  
 Never smoker   62.5
 Former smoker   32.7
 Current smoker   6.8
Charlson Comorbidity Index (%) 394  
 No comorbidities   16.2
 Any comorbidities   26.2
Missing   57.6
Prostate cancer- and surgery-related factors  
Clinical T1 stage (%) 381 78.5
Pathological stage (%) 389  
 T2   11.1
 T3   88.9
Pre-surgical prostate-specific antigen concentration (ng/mL, mean, SD) 393 6.3 (4.6)
Blood loss during surgery (mL, mean, SD) 358 246.3 (203.3)
Neurovascular bundle preservation (%) 351  
 Non-nerve sparing   19.4
 Unilateral neurovascular bundle spared   15.4
 Bilateral nerve sparing   65.2
Surgical procedure (%) 365  
Minimally-invasive (robotic and laparoscopic)   92.3
Open   7.7
Bladder reconstruction 364 53.0
BPH-related factors  
Prostate size (grams, mean, SD) 288 43.5 (16.6)
IPSS score at baseline (mean, SD) 249 8.6 (6.7)
BPH medication use at baseline (%) 395 13.2
α-blocker use   10.4
5α-reductase inhibitor (and α-blocker) use   2.8
Urinary and sexual function-related factors  
Reported Kegel exercises   
 5 weeks post-surgery 358 67.3
 12 months post-surgery 332 31.3
ED medication or device use (%)   
 Baseline 365 4.8
 5 weeks post-surgery 365 30.1
 12 months post-surgery 336 18.2
  1. BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia, ED erectile dysfunction, IPSS International Prostate Symptom Score, SD standard deviation