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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable analysis for respondents’ characteristic in relation to prevalence of nocturia

From: Prevalence of nocturia among community-dwelling adults: a population-based study in Malaysia

  Univariate Analysis* Multivariate Analysis*,#
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Age group
 18–30 0.741 (0.658–0.835)  < 0.001 1.161 (0.931–1.449) 0.185
 31–40 1.613 (1.383–1.880)  < 0.001 1.909 (1.521–2.396)  < 0.001
 41–50 0.642 (0.549–0.750)  < 0.001 0.733 (0.592–0.908) 0.005
 51–60 1.073 (0.923–1.803) 0.358 Not included
 > 60 2.473 (1.891–3.234)  < 0.001 2.027 (1.478–2.708)  < 0.001
Sex
 Male 0.887 (0.789–0.998) 0.046 0.779 (0.687–0.884)  < 0.001
 Female 1.127 (1.002–1.268) 0.046
Race
 Malay 2.235 (1.974–2.531)  < 0.001 0.891 (0.569–1.396) 0.615
 Chinese 0.625 (0.556–0.703)  < 0.001 0.471 (0.302–0.735) 0.001
 Indian 0.503 (0.423–0.599)  < 0.001 0.336 (0.210–0.537)  < 0.001
 Others 1.576 (1.023–2.427) 0.039  
Employment status
 Student 0.814 (0.704–0.941) 0.005 1.154 (0.911–1.463) 0.235
 Employed for wages 1.139 (1.012–1.281) 0.031 1.141 (0.963–1.352) 0.129
 Self-employed 0.895 (0.727–1.101) 0.294 Not included
 Unemployed 1.086 (0.918–1.285) 0.336 Not included
Comorbidities
 Hypertension 3.093 (2.536–3.772)  < 0.001 2.837 (2.281–3.530)  < 0.001
 Diabetes mellitus 1.898 (1.558–2.312)  < 0.001 1.783 (1.416–2.245)  < 0.001
 Renal disease 4.512 (2.500–8.145)  < 0.001 3.579 (1.933–6.625)  < 0.001
 Heart failure 2.541 (0.936–6.900) 0.067 Not included
 Enlarged prostate 1.535 (0.896–2.627) 0.119 Not included
 Overactive bladder 1.459 (1.024–2.077) 0.036 1.606 (1.097–2.352) 0.015
 Prostate cancer 1.490 (0.372–5.966) 0.573 Not included
 Bladder cancer 1.490 (0.273–8.142) 0.645 Not included
 Snoring 1.160 (0.991–1.357) 0.064 Not included
  1. *Based on logistic regression analysis, the statistical significance level was 0.05; #Variables with an association of p < 0.05 were selected for a multivariable analysis; OR: Odd ratio; CI: Confidence interval; n = 4616