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Table 1 Perioperative patient data

From: Pediatric laparoscopic partial cystectomy for the treatment of benign bladder tumors and urachal cysts

  Age (yrs) Gender Clinical symptom CT Cytoscopic examination
Patient 1 4.7 Male Odynuria 20 days The left lateral wall is markedly thickened, at top of the left lateral wall are rounded enhanced nodules There is a 5.2 cm irregular lump on the top of posterior wall, the basilar part is broad, from the ureterostoma 1–2 cm
Patient 2 4.6 Male Micturition unwell 9 days The left bladder wall is diffuse thickening, an irregular soft tissue mass protruded into the bladder There is a 4.32 cm cauliflower-like lump on the left wall, from the ureterostoma about 3 cm
Patient 3 9.5 Male Ultrasound found space occupying 1 month The left side wall is thickened with clear boundary and irregular shape There is a 2 cm cauliflower-like lump on the left of the bottom wall, the basilar part is broad, from the ureterostoma about 3.5 cm
Patient 4 7.3 Female Paroxysm celialgia half month A sharp angular shadow of tissue is seen above the bladder, considering urachal duct isn’t close