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Table 3 Univariate analysis of the risk factors of the specific mortality in patients with prostate cancer

From: Competing risk of the specific mortality among Asian-American patients with prostate cancer: a surveillance, epidemiology, and end results analysis

Variables β S. E P HR 95%CI
Lower Upper
Age at diagnosis       
 < 65     Ref   
 ≥ 65 0.640 0.071 < 0.001 1.897 1.650 2.180
Race       
 Ethnic Chinese     Ref   
 Other Asian-Americans 0.191 0.084 0.022 1.211 1.028 1.426
Marital status       
 Married     Ref   
 Unmarried, single or widowed 0.364 0.067 < 0.001 1.439 1.261 1.642
Grade       
 I     Ref   
 II 1.639 0.091 < 0.001 5.149 4.306 6.157
T stage       
 T1     Ref   
 T2 − 0.048 0.072 0.500 0.953 0.828 1.097
 T3 0.549 0.098 < 0.001 1.731 1.429 2.096
 T4 2.336 0.112 < 0.001 10.343 8.313 12.870
N stage       
 N0     Ref   
 N1 2.355 0.089 < 0.001 10.541 8.861 12.539
M stage       
 M0     Ref   
 M1 3.144 0.070 < 0.001 23.203 20.235 26.606
Radiotherapy       
 No     Ref   
 Yes 0.611 0.126 < 0.001 1.843 1.439 2.361
Chemotherapy       
 No     Ref   
 Yes 1.896 0.184 < 0.001 6.658 4.638 9.558
Surgery       
 No     Ref   
 Yes − 0.734 0.072 < 0.001 0.480 0.417 0.552
Regional nodes positive       
 No     Ref   
 Yes 1.241 0.118 < 0.001 3.459 2.744 4.362
Histological types       
 Adenocarcinoma     Ref   
 Squamous-cell carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma or sarcoma 0.149 0.243 0.541 1.160 0.721 1.869
  1. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval