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Case reports

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  1. Kaposi’s sarcoma is an uncommon complication in renal transplant patients, and typically presents with cutaneous lesions on the lower extremities. Penile involvement has been reported only rarely. Management o...

    Authors: Matthew A. Anderson, Tracey Ying, Kate Wyburn, Peter M. Ferguson, Madeleine C. Strach, Peter Grimison, Steve Chadban and David M. Gracey

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:87

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Ureteral obturator hernia is a rare condition, usually found accidentally during imaging examinations, or found during surgery. Ureteral hernia can easily lead to ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis. Long-...

    Authors: Yongqiang Hong, Siyu Zhang, Xiuying Kong, Yuxin Zhang, Shaokun Hong and Yuedong Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:86

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Primary Seminal Vesicle (SV) tumours are a rare entity, with most SV masses representing invasion of the SV by malignancy originating in an adjacent organ, most often the prostate. Previously reported primary ...

    Authors: B. Heijkoop, D. Bolton, D. Katz, Andrew Ryan, J. Epstein and S. Appu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:62

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Severe hypercalcemia is often associated with uncontrolled malignancy through several mechanisms. However, calcitriol-mediated hypercalcemia is a rare etiology for advanced solid tumors.

    Authors: Kai Johnson, Majd Issa, Anish Parikh, Paul Monk, Ming Yin, Amir Mortazavi and Yuanquan Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:51

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Studies have shown that immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have limited efficacy and can even increase tumour burden in short time periods. This is usually called hyperprogressive disease (HPD). To date, ther...

    Authors: Chao Liu, Jingjing Piao and Zhiyang Shang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:42

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) has become an effective therapy for patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) who do not respond to conservative treatment. However, an effective treatment strategy for ...

    Authors: Shan Chen, Siyou Wang, Yunqiu Gao, Xiaolian Lu, Jiasheng Yan, Lihua Xuan and Shenhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:37

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Ureteral fibro-epithelial polyp (UFP) is a rare benign ureteral tumor, and surgical removal of the polyps is still the preferred solution. Although many cases have reported polyps extending to the bladder, our...

    Authors: Zhi-Wei Sun, Jian-Kang Ge, You Wu and Ye-Qing Huang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:22

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Splenogondal fusion (SGF) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal association between the splenic tissue and the gonads or mesonephric remnants. SGF that requires separate two-stage laparoscopic...

    Authors: Guangjie Chen, Xiaohao Wang, Yijun Zhao, Linfeng Zhu and Daxing Tang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:16

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy is the conventional method of diagnosing prostate cancer. TRUS-guided prostate biopsy can occasionally be associated with severe complications. Here, w...

    Authors: Shunichiro Nomura, Yuka Toyama, Jun Akatsuka, Yuki Endo, Ryoji Kimata, Yasutomo Suzuki, Tsutomu Hamasaki, Go Kimura and Yukihiro Kondo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:11

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Although it is known that malignancies can be associated with dermatomyositis, there are few reports on dermatomyositis associated with prostate cancer with neuroendocrine differentiation.

    Authors: Hideyuki Minagawa, Taketo Kawai, Akihiko Matsumoto, Katsuhiro Makino, Yusuke Sato, Kenji Nagasaka, Masami Tokura, Nao Tanaka, Eisaku Ito, Yuta Yamada, Masaki Nakamura, Daisuke Yamada, Motofumi Suzuki, Takashi Murata and Haruki Kume

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:8

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Bladder tumors in pregnancy are extremely rare. No more than 50 cases have been published to date, including all histologic variants, and only three cases of bladder squamous cell carcinoma have been described.

    Authors: Pablo A. Rojas, Cristián González, Gonzalo P. Mendez, Alejandro Majerson and Ignacio F. San Francisco

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:4

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone neoplasm and is sometimes referred to as osteocartilaginous exostosis. The symptoms caused by osteochondroma are rare, especially the urogenital complications. The...

    Authors: Li-cheng Song, Qian Xu, Hui Li, Zhi-jun Li, Ya Li, Ya-fei Qin, Bao-long Wang and Hua-feng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:1

    Content type: Case report

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  13. In definitive radiation therapy for prostate cancer, the SpaceOAR® System, a hydrogel spacer, is widely used to decrease the irradiated dose and toxicity of rectum. On the other hand, periprostatic abscesses f...

    Authors: Tairo Kashihara, Koji Inaba, Motokiyo Komiyama, Hiroki Nakayama, Kotaro Iijima, Shie Nishioka, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Nao Kikkawa, Yuko Kubo, Satoshi Shima, Satoshi Nakamura, Ayaka Takahashi, Kana Takahashi, Kae Okuma, Naoya Murakami, Hiroshi Igaki…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:196

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare tumor that typically occurs in the pelvis and perineum, most commonly in women of reproductive age. However, no para-ureteral AA has been reported according to the literat...

    Authors: Ming Liu, Ting-Shuai Zhai, Xiao-Feng Zhao, Li-Jin Feng, Xin-Sheng Lyu, Lan-Ting Hu, Zheng-Xin Wang, Wei-Guo Ma, Jian Zhang, Xiao Chen, Bin-Jie Su, Xu-Dong Yao, Jing-Yi Lu and Lin Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Ureteric stricture is a common and salvaging complications after renal transplantation. Two treatment methods are usually used, retrograde ureteral stent placement and percutaneous nephrostomy. The former has ...

    Authors: Jian-Hui Wu, Chun-Bai Mo, Li Dong-Zhai, Fei Luo, Qing-Tong Ma and Shi-Qiang Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Primary pure angiosarcoma of the testis is an exceptionally rare testicular malignancy, which is poorly understood. We present the fifth and youngest case in the current medical literature. Additionally, all c...

    Authors: J. Walravens-Evans, M. Yao, S. Grannò, D. Arul and S. Chitale

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Understanding the drivers of recurrence in aggressive prostate cancer requires detailed molecular and genomic understanding in order to aid therapeutic interventions. We provide here a case report of histologi...

    Authors: Scott G. Williams, Han Xian Aw Yeang, Catherine Mitchell, Franco Caramia, David J. Byrne, Stephen B. Fox, Sue Haupt, Ralf B. Schittenhelm, Paul J. Neeson, Ygal Haupt and Simon P. Keam

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Large paraganglioma of the Zuckerkandl organ (POZ) is extremely rare. The patient can occasionally be paucisymptomatic, further obscuring the diagnosis and carrying high mortality. Recommended treatment for la...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Jiwen Shang, Ruimin Ren, Huajun Zhang and Xue Yao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Laparoscopic resection is the most well described minimally-invasive approach for adrenalectomy. While it allows for improved cosmesis, faster recovery and decreased length of hospital stay compared with the o...

    Authors: Anirban P. Mitra, Evalynn Vasquez, Paul Kokorowski and Andy Y. Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Bladder leiomyomas are rare and benign tumors of the bladder. They account for 0.43% of all bladder tumors, and only 250 cases have been reported in English literature. Based on the size and localization of th...

    Authors: Athanasios Zachariou, Maria Filiponi, Fotios Dimitriadis, Aris Kaltsas and Nikolaos Sofikitis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a rare disease of the genitourinary tract and reported limitedly. SCCB is very aggressive and always mixed with other histologic components, but coexistenc...

    Authors: Yanxia Liu, Hongming Xu, Bin Wu, Shuguang Liu and Qiang Luo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:134

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Renal arteriovenous fistula was rarely reported in retrograde endoscopic procedure. Up to now, there is still an absence of report on the formation of renal arteriovenous fistula after semi-rigid ureteroscopic...

    Authors: Wan-Zhang Liu, Ting Huang, Li Fang and Yue Cheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare anomaly characterized by both testes descending through a single inguinal canal. In this report, the diagnosis of TTE was discovered in the event of an incarcerate...

    Authors: Mostafa Kotb, Ahmed Hassan and Mohamed Abouheba

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Tumoural calcinosis (TC) is a rare disorder characterized by nonneoplastic amorphous calcium deposition that tends to occur in soft tissues around the large joint. Here, we report a case of cystic TC with ossi...

    Authors: Mancheng Xia, Chun Liu, Haosen Yang, Keqiang Yin, Yusheng Wang, Xunan Tong, Siyu Zhang and Weibing Shuang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:106

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a common renal fusion anomaly, occurring in about 1 in 400–600 individuals. In addition, the incidence of duplicated collecting system is about 0.8%.

    Authors: Jindong Zhang, Liang Gao, Changlong Li, Xiaokang Yang, Yusheng Lei and Chuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:95

    Content type: Case report

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  26. An inguinal hernia is the protrusion of intraabdominal organs through an opening in the abdominal wall. Structures such as small and large intestines are commonly contained within inguinal hernias. However, ur...

    Authors: Christopher El Mouhayyar, Haoyang Wang, Laith Hattar, Fang-Yu Liu, Karen Feghali and Vaidyanathapuram Balakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:83

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Myxoma is a relatively rare mesenchymal tumor seen mainly in the heart and skin. Renal myxomas in particular are exceptionally rare where only 17 cases were previously reported in the English Language literatu...

    Authors: Najla Aldaoud, Amer Hallak, Liqa A. Rousan, Omar Halalsheh, Bashar Darayseh and Mousa A. Al-Abbadi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:80

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Grynfeltt–Lesshaft hernia is a kind of lumbar abdominal wall hernia in which clinical presentations may vary from an asymptomatic bulge in the lumbar area to a symptomatic lumbar mass with back pain. It has be...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab and Mehdi Babapour

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:74

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Kidney triplication is a rare urological abnormality. Association of triplex kidney and ureterocele is out of ordinary. Treatment of such patients usually implies heminephrureterectomy of the upper moiety. We ...

    Authors: I. B. Osipov, D. A. Lebedev and M. V. Lifanova

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which include Burkitt’s lymphoma, affect the prostate in only 0.1% of cases. They most commonly present as painless lymphadenopathy elsewhere in the body and can cause abdominal or thora...

    Authors: Marcus Derigs, Anika Pehl, Jorge Riera-Knorrenschild, Rainer Hofmann and Axel Hegele

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Duplex kidneys are one of the most common renal congenital abnormalities, mostly asymptomatic and of no clinical significance. There are little reports about the left ureterocele and stone of calyceal divertic...

    Authors: Yang Pan, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Yunxiao Zhu and Hualin Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Sigmoid bowel perforation is a very rare and serious complication of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for female stress urinary incontinence. The complication can be avoided with the us...

    Authors: Xiao Huang, Hai Jiang and Liping Xie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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