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Case reports

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  1. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare tumor that typically occurs in the pelvis and perineum, most commonly in women of reproductive age. However, no para-ureteral AA has been reported according to the literat...

    Authors: Ming Liu, Ting-Shuai Zhai, Xiao-Feng Zhao, Li-Jin Feng, Xin-Sheng Lyu, Lan-Ting Hu, Zheng-Xin Wang, Wei-Guo Ma, Jian Zhang, Xiao Chen, Bin-Jie Su, Xu-Dong Yao, Jing-Yi Lu and Lin Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Ureteric stricture is a common and salvaging complications after renal transplantation. Two treatment methods are usually used, retrograde ureteral stent placement and percutaneous nephrostomy. The former has ...

    Authors: Jian-Hui Wu, Chun-Bai Mo, Li Dong-Zhai, Fei Luo, Qing-Tong Ma and Shi-Qiang Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Primary pure angiosarcoma of the testis is an exceptionally rare testicular malignancy, which is poorly understood. We present the fifth and youngest case in the current medical literature. Additionally, all c...

    Authors: J. Walravens-Evans, M. Yao, S. Grannò, D. Arul and S. Chitale

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Understanding the drivers of recurrence in aggressive prostate cancer requires detailed molecular and genomic understanding in order to aid therapeutic interventions. We provide here a case report of histologi...

    Authors: Scott G. Williams, Han Xian Aw Yeang, Catherine Mitchell, Franco Caramia, David J. Byrne, Stephen B. Fox, Sue Haupt, Ralf B. Schittenhelm, Paul J. Neeson, Ygal Haupt and Simon P. Keam

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Large paraganglioma of the Zuckerkandl organ (POZ) is extremely rare. The patient can occasionally be paucisymptomatic, further obscuring the diagnosis and carrying high mortality. Recommended treatment for la...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Jiwen Shang, Ruimin Ren, Huajun Zhang and Xue Yao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Laparoscopic resection is the most well described minimally-invasive approach for adrenalectomy. While it allows for improved cosmesis, faster recovery and decreased length of hospital stay compared with the o...

    Authors: Anirban P. Mitra, Evalynn Vasquez, Paul Kokorowski and Andy Y. Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Bladder leiomyomas are rare and benign tumors of the bladder. They account for 0.43% of all bladder tumors, and only 250 cases have been reported in English literature. Based on the size and localization of th...

    Authors: Athanasios Zachariou, Maria Filiponi, Fotios Dimitriadis, Aris Kaltsas and Nikolaos Sofikitis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a rare disease of the genitourinary tract and reported limitedly. SCCB is very aggressive and always mixed with other histologic components, but coexistenc...

    Authors: Yanxia Liu, Hongming Xu, Bin Wu, Shuguang Liu and Qiang Luo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:134

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Renal arteriovenous fistula was rarely reported in retrograde endoscopic procedure. Up to now, there is still an absence of report on the formation of renal arteriovenous fistula after semi-rigid ureteroscopic...

    Authors: Wan-Zhang Liu, Ting Huang, Li Fang and Yue Cheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare anomaly characterized by both testes descending through a single inguinal canal. In this report, the diagnosis of TTE was discovered in the event of an incarcerate...

    Authors: Mostafa Kotb, Ahmed Hassan and Mohamed Abouheba

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Tumoural calcinosis (TC) is a rare disorder characterized by nonneoplastic amorphous calcium deposition that tends to occur in soft tissues around the large joint. Here, we report a case of cystic TC with ossi...

    Authors: Mancheng Xia, Chun Liu, Haosen Yang, Keqiang Yin, Yusheng Wang, Xunan Tong, Siyu Zhang and Weibing Shuang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:106

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a common renal fusion anomaly, occurring in about 1 in 400–600 individuals. In addition, the incidence of duplicated collecting system is about 0.8%.

    Authors: Jindong Zhang, Liang Gao, Changlong Li, Xiaokang Yang, Yusheng Lei and Chuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:95

    Content type: Case report

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  13. An inguinal hernia is the protrusion of intraabdominal organs through an opening in the abdominal wall. Structures such as small and large intestines are commonly contained within inguinal hernias. However, ur...

    Authors: Christopher El Mouhayyar, Haoyang Wang, Laith Hattar, Fang-Yu Liu, Karen Feghali and Vaidyanathapuram Balakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:83

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Myxoma is a relatively rare mesenchymal tumor seen mainly in the heart and skin. Renal myxomas in particular are exceptionally rare where only 17 cases were previously reported in the English Language literatu...

    Authors: Najla Aldaoud, Amer Hallak, Liqa A. Rousan, Omar Halalsheh, Bashar Darayseh and Mousa A. Al-Abbadi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:80

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Grynfeltt–Lesshaft hernia is a kind of lumbar abdominal wall hernia in which clinical presentations may vary from an asymptomatic bulge in the lumbar area to a symptomatic lumbar mass with back pain. It has be...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab and Mehdi Babapour

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:74

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Kidney triplication is a rare urological abnormality. Association of triplex kidney and ureterocele is out of ordinary. Treatment of such patients usually implies heminephrureterectomy of the upper moiety. We ...

    Authors: I. B. Osipov, D. A. Lebedev and M. V. Lifanova

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which include Burkitt’s lymphoma, affect the prostate in only 0.1% of cases. They most commonly present as painless lymphadenopathy elsewhere in the body and can cause abdominal or thora...

    Authors: Marcus Derigs, Anika Pehl, Jorge Riera-Knorrenschild, Rainer Hofmann and Axel Hegele

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Duplex kidneys are one of the most common renal congenital abnormalities, mostly asymptomatic and of no clinical significance. There are little reports about the left ureterocele and stone of calyceal divertic...

    Authors: Yang Pan, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Yunxiao Zhu and Hualin Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Sigmoid bowel perforation is a very rare and serious complication of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for female stress urinary incontinence. The complication can be avoided with the us...

    Authors: Xiao Huang, Hai Jiang and Liping Xie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Urolithiasis is a clinically common benign disease in urology. Surgical treatments that are widely used in urolithiasis are percutaneous nephrolithotomy, rigid/flexible ureteroscopy, laparoscopic surgery, and ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Lisong Shan, Jiahui Yin, Luyang Liu, Pengchao Wang, Shengkun Sun, Xu Zhang, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Gang Guo and Qiming Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Metachronous renal cell carcinoma after radical nephrectomy is extremely rare. Renal cell carcinoma commonly metastasizes to distant organs. However, metastasis to the urinary bladder is very uncommon.

    Authors: Mustufa Babar, Saad Hamdani, Corinne Liu, Jogarao Vedula and David S. Schnapp

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The angiogenesis inhibitor monoclonal antibody Bevacizumab is presently the standard treatment for numerous neoplasms but particular toxicities are emerging, such as hypertension, haemorrhage, thromboembolism,...

    Authors: Alessio Tognarelli, Lorenzo Faggioni, Francesca Manassero, Angiolo Gadducci and Cesare Selli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:128

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Identifying men for a repeat prostate biopsy is a conundrum to urologists. Risk calculators (RCs) such as the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) RCs have been developed to predi...

    Authors: Pieter Minnee, Daphne Hessels, Jack A. Schalken and Wim Van Criekinge

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:124

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Pheochromocytoma is well-known for sudden initial presentations, particularly in younger patients. Hemodynamic instability may cause serious complications and delay a patient’s ability to undergo surgical rese...

    Authors: Umberto Maestroni, Francesco Ziglioli, Marco Baciarello, Valentina Bellini, Raffaele Dalla Valle, Simona Cataldo, Giada Maspero and Elena Bignami

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:118

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) rarely occurs in children or young males. In this case report, a 29-year-old male patient diagnosed with BPH coexisting with ketamine-associated uropathy was reported to inve...

    Authors: Zhangcheng Liao, Zhao Wang, Zhongyuan Jin and Zhengyan Tang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:105

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Male genital skin loss is a common disease in urology. However, male genital skin loss accompanying a penile urethra defect is rarely reported. Herein, we describe a novel surgical technique using a composite ...

    Authors: Da-chao Zheng, Min-kai Xie, Shi-bo Fu, Jian-hua Guo, Wen-ji Li, Hai-jun Yao and Zhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:104

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The past four years has seen a rapid roll-out of male medical circumcision services in South Africa in response to clinical trials showing circumcision prevents HIV acquisition in heterosexual men. Clinics con...

    Authors: Mmatsie Manentsa, Hilary Mukudu, Nthabiseng Koloane, Ashley Ringane, Eleanor Matta, Neil A. Martinson and Limakatso Lebina

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:65

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a rare hereditary kidney cancer syndrome in which affected individuals are at risk of skin and uterine leiomyomatosis and kidney cancer. HLRCC-asso...

    Authors: Inkeun Park, Young Sup Shim, Heounjeong Go, Bum Sik Hong and Jae Lyun Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:51

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Papillary Urothelial Neoplasm of Low Malignant Potential (PUNLMP) are exceptionally rare in the first decade of life (mostly if multifocal) and there is a lack of standardized recommendations for the pediatric...

    Authors: Palma Maurizi, Michele Antonio Capozza, Silvia Triarico, Maria Luisa Perrotta, Vito Briganti and Antonio Ruggiero

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:36

    Content type: Case report

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