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Case reports

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  1. Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare anomaly characterized by both testes descending through a single inguinal canal. In this report, the diagnosis of TTE was discovered in the event of an incarcerate...

    Authors: Mostafa Kotb, Ahmed Hassan and Mohamed Abouheba

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Tumoural calcinosis (TC) is a rare disorder characterized by nonneoplastic amorphous calcium deposition that tends to occur in soft tissues around the large joint. Here, we report a case of cystic TC with ossi...

    Authors: Mancheng Xia, Chun Liu, Haosen Yang, Keqiang Yin, Yusheng Wang, Xunan Tong, Siyu Zhang and Weibing Shuang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:106

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a common renal fusion anomaly, occurring in about 1 in 400–600 individuals. In addition, the incidence of duplicated collecting system is about 0.8%.

    Authors: Jindong Zhang, Liang Gao, Changlong Li, Xiaokang Yang, Yusheng Lei and Chuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:95

    Content type: Case report

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  4. An inguinal hernia is the protrusion of intraabdominal organs through an opening in the abdominal wall. Structures such as small and large intestines are commonly contained within inguinal hernias. However, ur...

    Authors: Christopher El Mouhayyar, Haoyang Wang, Laith Hattar, Fang-Yu Liu, Karen Feghali and Vaidyanathapuram Balakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:83

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Myxoma is a relatively rare mesenchymal tumor seen mainly in the heart and skin. Renal myxomas in particular are exceptionally rare where only 17 cases were previously reported in the English Language literatu...

    Authors: Najla Aldaoud, Amer Hallak, Liqa A. Rousan, Omar Halalsheh, Bashar Darayseh and Mousa A. Al-Abbadi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:80

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Grynfeltt–Lesshaft hernia is a kind of lumbar abdominal wall hernia in which clinical presentations may vary from an asymptomatic bulge in the lumbar area to a symptomatic lumbar mass with back pain. It has be...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab and Mehdi Babapour

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:74

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Kidney triplication is a rare urological abnormality. Association of triplex kidney and ureterocele is out of ordinary. Treatment of such patients usually implies heminephrureterectomy of the upper moiety. We ...

    Authors: I. B. Osipov, D. A. Lebedev and M. V. Lifanova

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which include Burkitt’s lymphoma, affect the prostate in only 0.1% of cases. They most commonly present as painless lymphadenopathy elsewhere in the body and can cause abdominal or thora...

    Authors: Marcus Derigs, Anika Pehl, Jorge Riera-Knorrenschild, Rainer Hofmann and Axel Hegele

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Duplex kidneys are one of the most common renal congenital abnormalities, mostly asymptomatic and of no clinical significance. There are little reports about the left ureterocele and stone of calyceal divertic...

    Authors: Yang Pan, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Yunxiao Zhu and Hualin Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Sigmoid bowel perforation is a very rare and serious complication of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for female stress urinary incontinence. The complication can be avoided with the us...

    Authors: Xiao Huang, Hai Jiang and Liping Xie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Urolithiasis is a clinically common benign disease in urology. Surgical treatments that are widely used in urolithiasis are percutaneous nephrolithotomy, rigid/flexible ureteroscopy, laparoscopic surgery, and ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Lisong Shan, Jiahui Yin, Luyang Liu, Pengchao Wang, Shengkun Sun, Xu Zhang, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Gang Guo and Qiming Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Metachronous renal cell carcinoma after radical nephrectomy is extremely rare. Renal cell carcinoma commonly metastasizes to distant organs. However, metastasis to the urinary bladder is very uncommon.

    Authors: Mustufa Babar, Saad Hamdani, Corinne Liu, Jogarao Vedula and David S. Schnapp

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The angiogenesis inhibitor monoclonal antibody Bevacizumab is presently the standard treatment for numerous neoplasms but particular toxicities are emerging, such as hypertension, haemorrhage, thromboembolism,...

    Authors: Alessio Tognarelli, Lorenzo Faggioni, Francesca Manassero, Angiolo Gadducci and Cesare Selli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:128

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Identifying men for a repeat prostate biopsy is a conundrum to urologists. Risk calculators (RCs) such as the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) RCs have been developed to predi...

    Authors: Pieter Minnee, Daphne Hessels, Jack A. Schalken and Wim Van Criekinge

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:124

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Pheochromocytoma is well-known for sudden initial presentations, particularly in younger patients. Hemodynamic instability may cause serious complications and delay a patient’s ability to undergo surgical rese...

    Authors: Umberto Maestroni, Francesco Ziglioli, Marco Baciarello, Valentina Bellini, Raffaele Dalla Valle, Simona Cataldo, Giada Maspero and Elena Bignami

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:118

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) rarely occurs in children or young males. In this case report, a 29-year-old male patient diagnosed with BPH coexisting with ketamine-associated uropathy was reported to inve...

    Authors: Zhangcheng Liao, Zhao Wang, Zhongyuan Jin and Zhengyan Tang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:105

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Male genital skin loss is a common disease in urology. However, male genital skin loss accompanying a penile urethra defect is rarely reported. Herein, we describe a novel surgical technique using a composite ...

    Authors: Da-chao Zheng, Min-kai Xie, Shi-bo Fu, Jian-hua Guo, Wen-ji Li, Hai-jun Yao and Zhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:104

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The past four years has seen a rapid roll-out of male medical circumcision services in South Africa in response to clinical trials showing circumcision prevents HIV acquisition in heterosexual men. Clinics con...

    Authors: Mmatsie Manentsa, Hilary Mukudu, Nthabiseng Koloane, Ashley Ringane, Eleanor Matta, Neil A. Martinson and Limakatso Lebina

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:65

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a rare hereditary kidney cancer syndrome in which affected individuals are at risk of skin and uterine leiomyomatosis and kidney cancer. HLRCC-asso...

    Authors: Inkeun Park, Young Sup Shim, Heounjeong Go, Bum Sik Hong and Jae Lyun Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:51

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Papillary Urothelial Neoplasm of Low Malignant Potential (PUNLMP) are exceptionally rare in the first decade of life (mostly if multifocal) and there is a lack of standardized recommendations for the pediatric...

    Authors: Palma Maurizi, Michele Antonio Capozza, Silvia Triarico, Maria Luisa Perrotta, Vito Briganti and Antonio Ruggiero

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:36

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Penoscrotal edema is typically caused by lymphatic obstruction, which can have both primary and secondary causes. Studies describing congenital penoscrotal edema are rare. Surgery can be divided into two types...

    Authors: Tian Lin, Yun-Zhi Lin, Yu-Peng Wu, Ting-Ting Lin, Dong-Ning Chen, Yong Wei, Xue-Yi Xue and Ning Xu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:22

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Flexible ureterorenoscopy (FURS) and holmium laser lithotripsy is currently considered as one of the treatment options for large renal calculi. It has been shown to be safer than percutaneous nephrolithotomy. ...

    Authors: Abdelrahman Bashar and Fayez T. Hammad

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:20

    Content type: Case report

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  23. An acute scrotal hematoma, secondary to a spontaneous rupture of a varicocele is still a rare presentation in daily practice. However, multiple case reports have been reported. Sudden increase in abdominal pre...

    Authors: Daan J. Reesink, Peter M. Huisman, Judith Wiltink, Arto E. Boeken Kruger and Tycho M. T. W. Lock

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:14

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diagnosis of urethral cavernous hemangioma (UCH) is very rare. It can be easy to misdiagnose and mistreat due to its atypical clinical manifestations and a lack of relevant knowledge. The study is to explore t...

    Authors: Fang Yong, Lin Juan, Wei Jinhuan, Yao Haohua, Chen Wei, Mo Jiacong, Luo Junhang and Wang Wenwei

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:13

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)- deficient renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a newly identified rare subtype of RCC, having only gained acceptance from the World Health Organization in 2016. To the best of our knowl...

    Authors: Ravi Kumar, Michael Bonert, Asghar Naqvi, Kevin Zbuk and Anil Kapoor

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:109

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare variety of a kidney neoplasm. We report a case of bilateral Xp11.2 translocation RCC occurring metachronously and discuss this very rare entity with re...

    Authors: Takashi Karashima, Takahira Kuno, Naoto Kuroda, Hirofumi Satake, Satoshi Fukata, Masakazu Chikazawa, Chiaki Kawada, Ichiro Yamasaki, Taro Shuin, Makoto Hiroi and Keiji Inoue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:106

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The spontaneous regression of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a rare phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of < 1%. We report a case of post-nephrectomy renal cell carcinoma adrenal metastasis, followed b...

    Authors: Ti-Yuan Yang, Wun-Rong Lin and Allen W. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:105

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Wilms tumor is the most common renal tumor of childhood. Duplication of the inferior vena cava is an uncommon anomaly. In the present study, we present a case of Wilms tumor with the inferior vena cava duplica...

    Authors: Feng Guo, Tianyou Li, Wei Liu, Gang Wang, Rui Ma and Rongde Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:88

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The introduction of foreign bodies in the female urethra for auto-erotic stimulation or in case of psychiatric disorders is not uncommon. The occurrence of intravesical migration of these objects makes it nece...

    Authors: Andrea Mogorovich, Cesare Selli, Alessio Tognarelli, Francesca Manassero and Maurizio De Maria

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:85

    Content type: Case report

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  30. We present a rare case where distant metastasis of a low grade bladder tumor was observed. We carried out detailed genomic analysis and cell based experiments on patient tumor samples to study tumor evolution,...

    Authors: Marvin J. Van Every, Garrett Dancik, Venki Paramesh, Grzegorz T. Gurda, David R. Meier, Steven E. Cash, Craig S. Richmond and Sunny Guin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:74

    Content type: Case report

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