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Epidemiology and health outcomes

This section section considers submissions related to the frequency, distribution and health outcomes of urological related procedures, treatments and disease.

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  1. Studies have shown diverse results regarding the association between H. pylori (HP) infection and the risk of malignancy. There is accumulating evidence relating HP infection to urological diseases. We investigat...

    Authors: Chu-Wen Fang, Chun-Hao Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo and Shih-Chi Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to investigate the prevalence of microhematuria in patients presenting with suspected acute renal colic and/or confirmed urolithiasis at the emergency department.

    Authors: Bruno Minotti, Giorgio Treglia, Mariarosa Pascale, Samuele Ceruti, Laura Cantini, Luciano Anselmi and Andrea Saporito

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Spontaneous renal fornix rupture (SRFR) causing urinoma is an uncommon but serious condition in pregnancy. Limited information is available to describe the natural history and outcomes to guide appropriate tre...

    Authors: Matthew McKnoulty, Ayla Green, Susan Scott, Matthew J. Roberts and Alka Kothari

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Upper urinary tract stones is the most common diseases in urology. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (fURL) are common treatment, but both their efficacy and safety are controve...

    Authors: Yeda Chen, Yaoan Wen, Qingfeng Yu, Xiaolu Duan, Wenqi Wu and Guohua Zeng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hypokalemia is a common clinical problem. The association between urinary tract infection (UTI) and hypokalemia is not clear. Hypokalemia is common in patients with UTI in clinical observation. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Ai-Ling Shen, Hsiu-Li Lin, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Yuan-Fu Tseng, Chien-Yeh Hsu and Che-Yi Chou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Pelvic floor static disorders constitute a significant clinical and social problem. The incidence of the problem increases with the age of female patients up to 80 years of age. Due to various methods of proce...

    Authors: Maciej Zalewski, Gabriela Kołodyńska, Anna Mucha, Łukasz Bełza, Krzysztof Nowak and Waldemar Andrzejewski

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Genetic biomarkers are a promising and growing field in the management of bladder cancer in all stages. The aim of this paper is to understand the role of genetic urinary biomarkers in the follow up of patient...

    Authors: F. Lozano, C. X. Raventos, A. Carrion, E. Trilla and J. Morote

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:99

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Physical therapy, including percussion, inversion, vibration and combinations, was clinically performed to improve the stone free rate (SFR) following lithotripsy procedures. However, physical therapy is not w...

    Authors: Linjie Peng, Junjun Wen, Wen Zhong and Guohua Zeng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The point at which men seek medical care for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) varies between individuals. Presentation to hospital with complications beyond LUTS appears prevalent in our setting. The aim of...

    Authors: Ikenna I. Nnabugwu, Ijeoma L. Okoronkwo and Chinwe A. Nnabugwu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The present clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a standardized saw palmetto oil containing 3% β-sitosterol in the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and androg...

    Authors: H. V. Sudeep, Jestin V. Thomas and K. Shyamprasad

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recent approvals of second-generation androgen receptor inhibitors (SGARIs) have changed the treatment landscape for non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC). These SGARIs have similar effi...

    Authors: Sandy Srinivas, Ateesha F. Mohamed, Sreevalsa Appukkuttan, Marc Botteman, Xinyi Ng, Namita Joshi, Erica Horodniceanu, A. Reginald Waldeck and Stacey J Simmons

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Evaluating the usefulness of treatment requires a direct measurement of the health-related quality of life (QOL). Therefore, this study was carried out aiming to determine the QOL of patients with MS and voidi...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nazari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Marjan Mansourian and Valiollah Hajhashemi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Bosniak III and IV cysts have a high risk of malignancy and have traditionally been managed surgically. However, growing evidence suggests that many can be managed by active surveillance. The main objective of...

    Authors: Félix Couture, Antonio Finelli, Amélie Tétu, Bimal Bhindi, Rodney H. Breau, Anil Kapoor, Wassim Kassouf, Luke Lavallée, Simon Tanguay, Philippe D. Violette and Patrick O. Richard

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Testicular sex cord stromal tumors (SCSTs) are managed similarly to germ cell tumors (GCTs); however, few studies have directly compared outcomes between these tumor types. Using the National Cancer Database (...

    Authors: Kyle B. Zuniga, Samuel L. Washington III, Sima P. Porten and Maxwell V. Meng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2020 20:103

  15. Wide-spectrum antibiotics have been favored to treat acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) for a long time, leading to the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria. We hypothesize that narrow-spectrum antibioti...

    Authors: Dai Koguchi, Yasukiyo Murakami, Masaomi Ikeda, Masato Dobashi and Junichiro Ishii

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The clinical landscape of prostate biopsy (PB) is evolving with changes in procedures and techniques. Moreover, antibiotic resistance is increasing and influences the efficacy of pre-biopsy prophylactic regime...

    Authors: Sofie C. M. Tops, Evert L. Koldewijn, Diederik M. Somford, Anita M. P. Huis, Eva Kolwijck, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher and J. P. Michiel Sedelaar

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study examined the prevalence of somatization disorder in Urological Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (UCPPS) and the utility of two self-report symptom screening tools for assessment of somatization in patie...

    Authors: C. S. North, B. A. Hong, H. H. Lai and D. H. Alpers

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Robot-assisted radical cystectomy is becoming a common treatment for bladder carcinoma. However, in comparison with open radical cystectomy, its cost-effectiveness has not been confirmed. Although few publishe...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Morii, Takahiro Osawa, Teppei Suzuki, Nobuo Shinohara, Toru Harabayashi, Tomoki Ishikawa, Takumi Tanikawa, Hiroko Yamashina and Katsuhiko Ogasawara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Despite international recommendations of including patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in randomised clinical trials (RCTs), a 2014 review concluded that few RCTs of bladder cancer (BC) report PRO as an outcome. ...

    Authors: Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Francesco Sparano, Debra Josephs, Mirjam Sprangers, Francesco Cottone and Fabio Efficace

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:86

    Content type: Research article

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  20. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, relative risk factors, and the impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) with coexisting overactive bladder (OAB) in men...

    Authors: Qing-Tong Yi, Min Gong, Chu-Hong Chen, Wei Hu and Ru-Jian Zhu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:82

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) -value is often used during the prostate cancer trajectory as a marker of progression or response to treatment. Concerns about PSA-values are often expressed by patients in ...

    Authors: Ulrika Rönningås, Per Fransson, Maja Holm and Agneta Wennman-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This paper describes the testicular cancer trends for incidence, survival, socio-economic status (SES) disparities and second cancer occurrence in Geneva, Switzerland, a high-risk population.

    Authors: Robin Schaffar, Samaksha Pant, Christine Bouchardy, Hyma Schubert and Elisabetta Rapiti

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:64

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common clinical problem in pregnant women. Bacteriuria in pregnancy without antibiotic treatment could result in complications. This study aims to investigate the etiology an...

    Authors: Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Mansour Masoumi, Masoumeh Shohani, Gholamreza Badfar, Leily Mahmudi and Shamsi Abbasalizadeh

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:43

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In clinical research information can be retrieved through various sources. The aim is to evaluate the agreement between answers in patient questionnaires and clinical reports in a study of patients after radic...

    Authors: David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Jonas Hugosson, Gunnar Steineck, Sofie Walming, Peter Wiklund and Eva Haglind

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:35

    Content type: Research article

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  25. No accurate evaluation of smoking and water pollution on bladder cancer has been conducted in the Lebanese population. Our aim is to examine the significance of smoking and one of the main water pollutants Tri...

    Authors: Sally Temraz, Yolla Haibe, Maya Charafeddine, Omran Saifi, Deborah Mukherji and Ali Shamseddine

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:16

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to d...

    Authors: Ikenna I. Nnabugwu, Fredrick O. Ugwumba, Emeka I. Udeh, Solomon K. Anyimba and Louis T. Okolie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:15

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The diagnosis and follow-up of stone forming patients is usually performed by analysis of 24-h urine samples. However, crystallization risk varies throughout the day, being higher at night. The main objective ...

    Authors: Adrian Rodriguez, Concepcion Saez-Torres, Concepcion Mir, Paula Casasayas, Nuria Rodriguez, Dolores Rodrigo, Guiem Frontera, Juan Manuel Buades, Cristina Gomez, Antonia Costa-Bauza and Felix Grases

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:116

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To provide some basis for the prevention of urinary stones in general population, we did a systemic analysis of urinary stones from Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China by a multi-center st...

    Authors: Rui-hong Ma, Xiao-bing Luo, Qin Li and Hai-qiang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:114

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Previous studies have shown that, compared with non-stone formers, stone formers have a higher papillary density measured with computer tomography (CT) scan. The effect of increased hydration on such papillary...

    Authors: Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Matteo Vittori, Giuseppe Macis, Alessandro D’Addessi, Gianmarco Lombardi, Claudia Palmisano, Jacopo Gervasoni, Aniello Primiano, Pier Francesco Bassi and Giovanni Gambaro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:101

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Persistence on-treatment with antimuscarinics in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) is reported to be sub-optimal. This retrospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study assessed treatment persistenc...

    Authors: Jameel Nazir, Zalmai Hakimi, Florent Guelfucci, Amine Khemiri, Francis Fatoye, Ana María Mora Blázquez and Marta Hernández González

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:76

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Our understanding of effective perioperative supportive interventions for patients undergoing cystectomy procedures and how these may affect short and long-term health outcomes is limited.

    Authors: Helen Quirk, Derek J. Rosario and Liam Bourke

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:71

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Reduced clinical exposure to urology at the undergraduate or internship level is the main explanation for the marked decrease in applicants to urology residencies. This manuscript was to access the application...

    Authors: Hwa Yeon Sun, Young Myoung Ko, Seung Wook Lee, Bora Lee and Jae Heon Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:65

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Even though evidence based medicine, guidelines and algorithms still represent the pillars of the management of chronic diseases (i.e: hypertension, diabetes mellitus), a patient centred approach has been rece...

    Authors: Cosimo De Nunzio, Fabrizio Presicce, Riccardo Lombardo, Alberto Trucchi, Mariangela Bellangino, Andrea Tubaro and Egidio Moja

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:62

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Overactive bladder (OAB) affects millions of women. It is important to assess knowledge and attitude in affected patients. The study objective was to develop surveys to assess OAB knowledge and OAB related att...

    Authors: Sumedha Chhatre, Diane K. Newman, Alan J. Wein, Ashlie E. Jefferson, J. Sanford Schwartz and Ravishankar Jayadevappa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:56

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The objective of this study was to describe overall survival and the management of men with favorable risk prostate cancer (PCa) within a large community-based health care system in the United States.

    Authors: Furaha Kariburyo, Yuexi Wang, I-Ning ( Elaine) Cheng, Lisa Wang, David Morgenstern, Lin Xie, Eric Meadows, John Danella and Michael L. Cher

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:55

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The objectives of this study were to determine the minimum incidence of penile cancer in the poorest Brazilian state, and to describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with t...

    Authors: Ronald Wagner Pereira Coelho, Jaqueline Diniz Pinho, Janise Silva Moreno, Dimitrius Vidal e Oliveira Garbis, Athiene Maniva Teixeira do Nascimento, Joyce Santos Larges, José Ribamar Rodrigues Calixto, Leandra Naira Zambelli Ramalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Leudivan Ribeiro Nogueira, Laisson de Moura Feitoza and Gyl Eanes Barros Silva

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:50

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Long-term use of indwelling urethral catheters is associated with high risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and blockage, which may in turn cause significant morbidity and reduce the life of the catheter. A 0...

    Authors: Florian H. H. Brill, Henrik Gabriel, Holger Brill, Jan-Hendrik Klock, Joerg Steinmann and Andreas Arndt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:49

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common in patients with urolithiasis, which makes the treatment of urolithiasis complicated, even dangerous. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors ...

    Authors: Li Yongzhi, Yan Shi, Liu Jia, Liu Yili, Zhu Xingwang and Gong Xue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:45

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Multiple guidelines seek to alter rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening. The costs borne by payers associated with PSA-based screening for men of different age groups—includi...

    Authors: Karthik Rao, Stella Liang, Michael Cardamone, Corinne E. Joshu, Kyle Marmen, Nrupen Bhavsar, William G. Nelson, H. Ballentine Carter, Michael C. Albert, Elizabeth A. Platz and Craig E. Pollack

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:38

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common bacterial infections affecting women. Although antibiotics are the treatment of choice for UTI, cranberry derived products have been used for many ye...

    Authors: Babar Asma, Leblanc Vicky, Dudonne Stephanie, Desjardins Yves, Howell Amy and Dodin Sylvie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for...

    Authors: AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M. J. Walsh and Francis J. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:27

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphologi...

    Authors: Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:19

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explor...

    Authors: Lucy E. Hackshaw-McGeagh, Eileen Sutton, Raj Persad, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Chris Millett, Richard M. Martin and J. Athene Lane

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:94

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Optimizing the patients’ quality of life is one of the main goals in the urological management of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. In this study we validated the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a short questionnaire tha...

    Authors: Sarah H. M. Reuvers, Ida J. Korfage, Jeroen R. Scheepe, Lisette A. ‘t Hoen, Tebbe A. R. Sluis and Bertil F. M. Blok

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:88

    Content type: Research article

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  45. There has been a change in the focus of attention from prostate to bladder, as the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) makes the bladder an additional therapeutic target. This study aims to evaluat...

    Authors: Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Ana Mª. Mora and Marta Hernández

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Despite the high prevalence of bladder cancer, research on optimal bladder cancer care is limited. One way to advance observational research on care is to use linked data from multiple sources. Such big data r...

    Authors: Florian R. Schroeck, Brenda Sirovich, John D. Seigne, Douglas J. Robertson and Philip P. Goodney

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:78

    Content type: Research article

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  • BMC Urology works with with Cochrane Urology in providing our authors with expert advice on systematic reviews and meta-analyses

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