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Epidemiology and health outcomes

This section section considers submissions related to the frequency, distribution and health outcomes of urological related procedures, treatments and disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Despite international recommendations of including patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in randomised clinical trials (RCTs), a 2014 review concluded that few RCTs of bladder cancer (BC) report PRO as an outcome. ...

    Authors: Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Francesco Sparano, Debra Josephs, Mirjam Sprangers, Francesco Cottone and Fabio Efficace

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:86

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  2. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to investigate the prevalence, relative risk factors, and the impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) with coexisting overactive bladder (OAB) in men...

    Authors: Qing-Tong Yi, Min Gong, Chu-Hong Chen, Wei Hu and Ru-Jian Zhu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:82

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) -value is often used during the prostate cancer trajectory as a marker of progression or response to treatment. Concerns about PSA-values are often expressed by patients in ...

    Authors: Ulrika Rönningås, Per Fransson, Maja Holm and Agneta Wennman-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:66

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the testicular cancer trends for incidence, survival, socio-economic status (SES) disparities and second cancer occurrence in Geneva, Switzerland, a high-risk population.

    Authors: Robin Schaffar, Samaksha Pant, Christine Bouchardy, Hyma Schubert and Elisabetta Rapiti

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:64

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common clinical problem in pregnant women. Bacteriuria in pregnancy without antibiotic treatment could result in complications. This study aims to investigate the etiology an...

    Authors: Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Mansour Masoumi, Masoumeh Shohani, Gholamreza Badfar, Leily Mahmudi and Shamsi Abbasalizadeh

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:43

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In clinical research information can be retrieved through various sources. The aim is to evaluate the agreement between answers in patient questionnaires and clinical reports in a study of patients after radic...

    Authors: David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Jonas Hugosson, Gunnar Steineck, Sofie Walming, Peter Wiklund and Eva Haglind

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:35

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  7. Content type: Research article

    No accurate evaluation of smoking and water pollution on bladder cancer has been conducted in the Lebanese population. Our aim is to examine the significance of smoking and one of the main water pollutants Tri...

    Authors: Sally Temraz, Yolla Haibe, Maya Charafeddine, Omran Saifi, Deborah Mukherji and Ali Shamseddine

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:16

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  8. Content type: Research article

    There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to d...

    Authors: Ikenna I. Nnabugwu, Fredrick O. Ugwumba, Emeka I. Udeh, Solomon K. Anyimba and Louis T. Okolie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:15

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis and follow-up of stone forming patients is usually performed by analysis of 24-h urine samples. However, crystallization risk varies throughout the day, being higher at night. The main objective ...

    Authors: Adrian Rodriguez, Concepcion Saez-Torres, Concepcion Mir, Paula Casasayas, Nuria Rodriguez, Dolores Rodrigo, Guiem Frontera, Juan Manuel Buades, Cristina Gomez, Antonia Costa-Bauza and Felix Grases

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:116

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To provide some basis for the prevention of urinary stones in general population, we did a systemic analysis of urinary stones from Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China by a multi-center st...

    Authors: Rui-hong Ma, Xiao-bing Luo, Qin Li and Hai-qiang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:114

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that, compared with non-stone formers, stone formers have a higher papillary density measured with computer tomography (CT) scan. The effect of increased hydration on such papillary...

    Authors: Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Matteo Vittori, Giuseppe Macis, Alessandro D’Addessi, Gianmarco Lombardi, Claudia Palmisano, Jacopo Gervasoni, Aniello Primiano, Pier Francesco Bassi and Giovanni Gambaro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:101

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Persistence on-treatment with antimuscarinics in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) is reported to be sub-optimal. This retrospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study assessed treatment persistenc...

    Authors: Jameel Nazir, Zalmai Hakimi, Florent Guelfucci, Amine Khemiri, Francis Fatoye, Ana María Mora Blázquez and Marta Hernández González

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:76

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Our understanding of effective perioperative supportive interventions for patients undergoing cystectomy procedures and how these may affect short and long-term health outcomes is limited.

    Authors: Helen Quirk, Derek J. Rosario and Liam Bourke

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:71

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Reduced clinical exposure to urology at the undergraduate or internship level is the main explanation for the marked decrease in applicants to urology residencies. This manuscript was to access the application...

    Authors: Hwa Yeon Sun, Young Myoung Ko, Seung Wook Lee, Bora Lee and Jae Heon Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:65

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Even though evidence based medicine, guidelines and algorithms still represent the pillars of the management of chronic diseases (i.e: hypertension, diabetes mellitus), a patient centred approach has been rece...

    Authors: Cosimo De Nunzio, Fabrizio Presicce, Riccardo Lombardo, Alberto Trucchi, Mariangela Bellangino, Andrea Tubaro and Egidio Moja

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:62

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Overactive bladder (OAB) affects millions of women. It is important to assess knowledge and attitude in affected patients. The study objective was to develop surveys to assess OAB knowledge and OAB related att...

    Authors: Sumedha Chhatre, Diane K. Newman, Alan J. Wein, Ashlie E. Jefferson, J. Sanford Schwartz and Ravishankar Jayadevappa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:56

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to describe overall survival and the management of men with favorable risk prostate cancer (PCa) within a large community-based health care system in the United States.

    Authors: Furaha Kariburyo, Yuexi Wang, I-Ning ( Elaine) Cheng, Lisa Wang, David Morgenstern, Lin Xie, Eric Meadows, John Danella and Michael L. Cher

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:55

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to determine the minimum incidence of penile cancer in the poorest Brazilian state, and to describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with t...

    Authors: Ronald Wagner Pereira Coelho, Jaqueline Diniz Pinho, Janise Silva Moreno, Dimitrius Vidal e Oliveira Garbis, Athiene Maniva Teixeira do Nascimento, Joyce Santos Larges, José Ribamar Rodrigues Calixto, Leandra Naira Zambelli Ramalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Leudivan Ribeiro Nogueira, Laisson de Moura Feitoza and Gyl Eanes Barros Silva

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:50

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Long-term use of indwelling urethral catheters is associated with high risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and blockage, which may in turn cause significant morbidity and reduce the life of the catheter. A 0...

    Authors: Florian H. H. Brill, Henrik Gabriel, Holger Brill, Jan-Hendrik Klock, Joerg Steinmann and Andreas Arndt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:49

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common in patients with urolithiasis, which makes the treatment of urolithiasis complicated, even dangerous. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors ...

    Authors: Li Yongzhi, Yan Shi, Liu Jia, Liu Yili, Zhu Xingwang and Gong Xue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:45

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Multiple guidelines seek to alter rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening. The costs borne by payers associated with PSA-based screening for men of different age groups—includi...

    Authors: Karthik Rao, Stella Liang, Michael Cardamone, Corinne E. Joshu, Kyle Marmen, Nrupen Bhavsar, William G. Nelson, H. Ballentine Carter, Michael C. Albert, Elizabeth A. Platz and Craig E. Pollack

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:38

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common bacterial infections affecting women. Although antibiotics are the treatment of choice for UTI, cranberry derived products have been used for many ye...

    Authors: Babar Asma, Leblanc Vicky, Dudonne Stephanie, Desjardins Yves, Howell Amy and Dodin Sylvie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:29

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for...

    Authors: AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M. J. Walsh and Francis J. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:27

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphologi...

    Authors: Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:19

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explor...

    Authors: Lucy E. Hackshaw-McGeagh, Eileen Sutton, Raj Persad, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Chris Millett, Richard M. Martin and J. Athene Lane

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:94

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Optimizing the patients’ quality of life is one of the main goals in the urological management of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. In this study we validated the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a short questionnaire tha...

    Authors: Sarah H. M. Reuvers, Ida J. Korfage, Jeroen R. Scheepe, Lisette A. ‘t Hoen, Tebbe A. R. Sluis and Bertil F. M. Blok

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:88

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There has been a change in the focus of attention from prostate to bladder, as the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) makes the bladder an additional therapeutic target. This study aims to evaluat...

    Authors: Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Ana Mª. Mora and Marta Hernández

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:83

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high prevalence of bladder cancer, research on optimal bladder cancer care is limited. One way to advance observational research on care is to use linked data from multiple sources. Such big data r...

    Authors: Florian R. Schroeck, Brenda Sirovich, John D. Seigne, Douglas J. Robertson and Philip P. Goodney

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:78

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  29. Content type: Research article

    It has been shown that hosphodiesterases (PDEs) play an important role in mediating the smooth muscle tone of rat urinary bladder. However, the gene expression profiles of them were still unknown.

    Authors: Xiaofei Zhu, Kui Zhai, Yue Mi and Guangju Ji

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:54

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2017 17:68

  30. Content type: Research article

    Of the more than 1.1 million men diagnosed worldwide annually with prostate cancer, the majority have indolent tumors. Distinguishing between aggressive and indolent cancer is an important clinical challenge. ...

    Authors: John W. Peabody, Lisa M. DeMaria, Diana Tamondong-Lachica, Jhiedon Florentino, M. Czarina Acelajado, Othman Ouenes, Jerome P. Richie and Trever Burgon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:51

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Against a background of rapid increase of β-lactamase-producing or multi-resistant pathogenic bacteria and the resulting lack of effective antibiotic treatment, some older antibiotics have been tested for new ...

    Authors: Miroslav Fajfr, Miroslav Louda, Pavla Paterová, Lenka Ryšková, Jaroslav Pacovský, Josef Košina, Helena Žemličková and Miloš Broďák

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:33

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical relevance of aortic calcification in urolithiasis patients.

    Authors: Toshikazu Tanaka, Shingo Hatakeyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Takuma Narita, Itsuto Hamano, Teppei Matsumoto, Osamu Soma, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Ippei Takahashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yuriko Terayama, Tomihisa Funyu…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:25

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  33. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer.

    Authors: G. Hatiboglu, I. V. Popeneciu, M. Deppert, J. Nyarangi-Dix, B. Hadaschik, M. Hohenfellner, D. Teber and S. Pahernik

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:5

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common with a high rate of medical comorbidities. Although the association between ADs and the overall cancer risk remains controversial, patients with ADs were found to be more lik...

    Authors: Yung-Chan Chen, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin, Hsin-Chien Lee, Chung-Chien Huang and Shiu-Dong Chung

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:67

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa) in specific regional areas in Victoria, Australia have a poorer five-year survival rate compared to men living elsewhere in Victoria. This study aims to describe patter...

    Authors: Rasa Ruseckaite, Fanny Sampurno, Jeremy Millar, Mark Frydenberg and Sue Evans

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:54

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have suggested a greater benefit for various outcomes in men diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who are treated with dutasteride than for men treated with finasteride. This stud...

    Authors: Josephina G. Kuiper, Irene D. Bezemer, Maurice T. Driessen, Averyan Vasylyev, Claus G. Roehrborn, Fernie J. A. Penning-van Beest and Ron M. C. Herings

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:53

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Quinolone is recommended as an antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent infectious complication after transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, but the increased appearance of quinolone-resistant organism has raised c...

    Authors: Jung Keun Lee, Sangchul Lee, Sung Kyu Hong, Seok-Soo Byun and Sang Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:51

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Studies have reported that early physical rehabilitation after surgical procedures is associated with improved outcome measured as shorter hospital stay and enhanced recovery. The aim of this study was to expl...

    Authors: E. Angenete, U. Angerås, M. Börjesson, J. Ekelund, M. Gellerstedt, T. Thorsteinsdottir, G. Steineck and E. Haglind

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:50

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for abscess formation in acute bacterial prostatitis, and to compare treatment outcomes between abscess group and non-abscess group.

    Authors: Dong Sup Lee, Hyun-Sop Choe, Hee Youn Kim, Sun Wook Kim, Sang Rak Bae, Byung Il Yoon and Seung-Ju Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:38

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is a common consequence of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer. Up to 20 % of men on ADT have suffered from fractures within 5 years. The WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Shusei Fusayasu, Koji Izumi, Yumiko Yokomizo, Hiroki Ito, Yusuke Ito, Kayo Kurita, Kazuhiro Furuya, Hisashi Hasumi, Narihiko Hayashi, Yasuhide Myoshi, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:32

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The ability of 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) to decrease blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) remains controversial. We aimed to conduct a m...

    Authors: Yi-Ping Zhu, Bo Dai, Hai-Liang Zhang, Guo-hai Shi and Ding-Wei Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:47

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although there is growing evidence of relationship between obesity and some specific stone compositions, results were inconsistent. Due to a greater relationship between metabolic syndrome and some specific st...

    Authors: Jae Heon Kim, Seung Whan Doo, Kang Su Cho, Won Jae Yang, Yun Seob Song, Jiyoung Hwang, Seong Sook Hong and Soon-Sun Kwon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:17

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Black men with prostate cancer are diagnosed at a younger age, present with more aggressive disease, and experience higher mortality. We sought to assess pathological features and biochemical recurrence (BCR) ...

    Authors: Kelvin A Moses, Ling Y Chen, Daniel D Sjoberg, Melanie Bernstein and Karim A Touijer

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:98

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this population-based study was to assess patient, physician and tumour determinants associated with positive surgical margins after prostatectomy, and to assess the effects of positive surgic...

    Authors: Valesca P Retèl, Christine Bouchardy, Massimo Usel, Isabelle Neyroud-Caspar, Franz Schmidlin, Gregory Wirth, Christophe Iselin, Raymond Miralbell and Elisabetta Rapiti

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:86

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