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Epidemiology and health outcomes

This section section considers submissions related to the frequency, distribution and health outcomes of urological related procedures, treatments and disease.

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  1. Of the more than 1.1 million men diagnosed worldwide annually with prostate cancer, the majority have indolent tumors. Distinguishing between aggressive and indolent cancer is an important clinical challenge. ...

    Authors: John W. Peabody, Lisa M. DeMaria, Diana Tamondong-Lachica, Jhiedon Florentino, M. Czarina Acelajado, Othman Ouenes, Jerome P. Richie and Trever Burgon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Against a background of rapid increase of β-lactamase-producing or multi-resistant pathogenic bacteria and the resulting lack of effective antibiotic treatment, some older antibiotics have been tested for new ...

    Authors: Miroslav Fajfr, Miroslav Louda, Pavla Paterová, Lenka Ryšková, Jaroslav Pacovský, Josef Košina, Helena Žemličková and Miloš Broďák

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:33

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical relevance of aortic calcification in urolithiasis patients.

    Authors: Toshikazu Tanaka, Shingo Hatakeyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Takuma Narita, Itsuto Hamano, Teppei Matsumoto, Osamu Soma, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Ippei Takahashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yuriko Terayama, Tomihisa Funyu…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:25

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer.

    Authors: G. Hatiboglu, I. V. Popeneciu, M. Deppert, J. Nyarangi-Dix, B. Hadaschik, M. Hohenfellner, D. Teber and S. Pahernik

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common with a high rate of medical comorbidities. Although the association between ADs and the overall cancer risk remains controversial, patients with ADs were found to be more lik...

    Authors: Yung-Chan Chen, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin, Hsin-Chien Lee, Chung-Chien Huang and Shiu-Dong Chung

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:67

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa) in specific regional areas in Victoria, Australia have a poorer five-year survival rate compared to men living elsewhere in Victoria. This study aims to describe patter...

    Authors: Rasa Ruseckaite, Fanny Sampurno, Jeremy Millar, Mark Frydenberg and Sue Evans

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:54

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Previous studies have suggested a greater benefit for various outcomes in men diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who are treated with dutasteride than for men treated with finasteride. This stud...

    Authors: Josephina G. Kuiper, Irene D. Bezemer, Maurice T. Driessen, Averyan Vasylyev, Claus G. Roehrborn, Fernie J. A. Penning-van Beest and Ron M. C. Herings

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:53

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Quinolone is recommended as an antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent infectious complication after transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, but the increased appearance of quinolone-resistant organism has raised c...

    Authors: Jung Keun Lee, Sangchul Lee, Sung Kyu Hong, Seok-Soo Byun and Sang Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Studies have reported that early physical rehabilitation after surgical procedures is associated with improved outcome measured as shorter hospital stay and enhanced recovery. The aim of this study was to expl...

    Authors: E. Angenete, U. Angerås, M. Börjesson, J. Ekelund, M. Gellerstedt, T. Thorsteinsdottir, G. Steineck and E. Haglind

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:50

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for abscess formation in acute bacterial prostatitis, and to compare treatment outcomes between abscess group and non-abscess group.

    Authors: Dong Sup Lee, Hyun-Sop Choe, Hee Youn Kim, Sun Wook Kim, Sang Rak Bae, Byung Il Yoon and Seung-Ju Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Osteoporosis is a common consequence of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer. Up to 20 % of men on ADT have suffered from fractures within 5 years. The WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Shusei Fusayasu, Koji Izumi, Yumiko Yokomizo, Hiroki Ito, Yusuke Ito, Kayo Kurita, Kazuhiro Furuya, Hisashi Hasumi, Narihiko Hayashi, Yasuhide Myoshi, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:32

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The ability of 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) to decrease blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) remains controversial. We aimed to conduct a m...

    Authors: Yi-Ping Zhu, Bo Dai, Hai-Liang Zhang, Guo-hai Shi and Ding-Wei Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:47

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although there is growing evidence of relationship between obesity and some specific stone compositions, results were inconsistent. Due to a greater relationship between metabolic syndrome and some specific st...

    Authors: Jae Heon Kim, Seung Whan Doo, Kang Su Cho, Won Jae Yang, Yun Seob Song, Jiyoung Hwang, Seong Sook Hong and Soon-Sun Kwon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:17

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Black men with prostate cancer are diagnosed at a younger age, present with more aggressive disease, and experience higher mortality. We sought to assess pathological features and biochemical recurrence (BCR) ...

    Authors: Kelvin A Moses, Ling Y Chen, Daniel D Sjoberg, Melanie Bernstein and Karim A Touijer

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:98

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The objective of this population-based study was to assess patient, physician and tumour determinants associated with positive surgical margins after prostatectomy, and to assess the effects of positive surgic...

    Authors: Valesca P Retèl, Christine Bouchardy, Massimo Usel, Isabelle Neyroud-Caspar, Franz Schmidlin, Gregory Wirth, Christophe Iselin, Raymond Miralbell and Elisabetta Rapiti

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:86

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Radical prostatectomy (RP) is a common treatment for prostate cancer (PCa). Morbidity, mortality and pathological outcomes may be superior in academic institutions. One explanation may be the involvement of on...

    Authors: Jasmir G Nayak, Darrel E Drachenberg, Elke Mau, Derek Suderman, Oliver Bucher, Pascal Lambert and Harvey Quon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:82

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The purpose of this study was to explore the budget impact of dutasteride plus tamsulosin fixed-dose combination (DUT + TAM FDC) versus tamsulosin monotherapy, in the treatment of patients with benign prostati...

    Authors: Maria Geitona, Pinelopi Karabela, Ioannis A Katsoulis, Hara Kousoulakou, Eleni Lyberopoulou, Eleftherios Bitros, Loukas Xaplanteris and Sotiria Papanicolaou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:78

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Representative statistics of surgical care among patients with kidney cancer are scant. With the introduction of the diagnosis related group system in Germany, it is now possible to provide nationwide statisti...

    Authors: Andreas Stang and Christian Büchel

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:74

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The “Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain” (MAPP) Research Network was established by the NIDDK to better understand the pathophysiology of urologic chronic pelvic pain syndromes (UCP...

    Authors: J Richard Landis, David A Williams, M Scott Lucia, Daniel J Clauw, Bruce D Naliboff, Nancy A Robinson, Adrie van Bokhoven, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Anthony J Schaeffer, Larissa V Rodriguez, Emeran A Mayer, H Henry Lai, John N Krieger, Karl J Kreder, Niloofar Afari, Gerald L Andriole…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS) may be defined to include interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). The hallmark symptom...

    Authors: J Quentin Clemens, Chris Mullins, John W Kusek, Ziya Kirkali, Emeran A Mayer, Larissa V Rodríguez, David J Klumpp, Anthony J Schaeffer, Karl J Kreder, Dedra Buchwald, Gerald L Andriole, M Scott Lucia, J Richard Landis and Daniel J Clauw

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:57

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Despite the growing body of literature which highlights the potential for significant and enduring side-effects of prostate cancer treatment, there is limited research exploring the experience of living with t...

    Authors: Narelle Hanly, Shab Mireskandari and Ilona Juraskova

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Prostate cancer is the most common male malignancy and a mayor cause of mortality in the western world. The impact of clinicopathological variables on disease related outcomes have mainly been reported from a ...

    Authors: Sigve Andersen, Elin Richardsen, Yngve Nordby, Nora Ness, Øystein Størkersen, Khalid Al-Shibli, Tom Donnem, Helena Bertilsson, Lill-Tove Busund, Anders Angelsen and Roy M Bremnes

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:49

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This very large population-based study investigated outcomes after a diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in terms of mortality rates, treatments and adverse effects.

    Authors: Philippe Tuppin, Solène Samson, Anne Fagot-Campagna, Bertrand Lukacs, François Alla, Fred Paccaud, Jean-Christophe Thalabard, Eric Vicaut, Michel Vidaud and Bertrand Millat

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cryptorchidism (undescended testes) is associated with poor male fertility, but can be alleviated and fertility preserved to some degree by early detection and treatment. Here we assess the influence of socio-...

    Authors: Karin Sørig Hougaard, Ann Dyreborg Larsen, Harald Hannerz, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Kristian Tore Jørgensen, Gunnar Vase Toft, Jens Peter Bonde and Morten Søndergaard Jensen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:23

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The reporting of post-operative complications in the urological field is lacking of a uniform quantitative measure to assess severity, which is essential in the analysis of surgical outcomes. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Jonathan Beilan, Ruth Strakosha, Diego Aguilar Palacios and Charles J Rosser

    Citation: BMC Urology 2014 14:1

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although African ancestry represents a significant risk factor for prostate cancer, few studies have investigated the significance of prostate cancer and relevance of previously defined genetic and epidemiolog...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Tindall, MS Riana Bornman, Smit van Zyl, Alpheus M Segone, L Richard Monare, Philip A Venter and Vanessa M Hayes

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Nigeria is one of the top three countries in Africa in terms of science research output and Nigerian urologists’ biomedical research output contributes to this. Each year, urologists in Nigeria gather to prese...

    Authors: Jibril Oyekunle Bello

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. European treatment guidelines recommend the use of hormonal therapy for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer, including castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), but there is little understanding of ho...

    Authors: Cora N Sternberg, Edwina S Baskin-Bey, Mark Watson, Andrew Worsfold, Alex Rider and Bertrand Tombal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:58

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To compare demographics, pathologic features, performance scores, comorbidities, symptoms and responses to quality of life (QoL) surveys between nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) and radical nephrectomy (RN) patie...

    Authors: Michelle L Arnold, David D Thiel, Nancy Diehl, Kevin J Wu, Steve Ames and Alexander S Parker

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Overactive bladder (OAB) is associated with high healthcare costs, which may be partially driven by drug treatment. There is little comparative data on antimuscarinic drugs with respect to resource use and cos...

    Authors: Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Javier Rejas, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Alba Aguado-Jodar, Amador Ruiz-Torrejón, Jordi Ibáñez-Nolla and Marion Kvasz

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:51

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Sequential compression devices (SCDs) are commonly used for thromboprophylaxis in postoperative patients but compliance is often poor. We investigated causes for noncompliance, examining both hospital and pati...

    Authors: David F Ritsema, Jennifer M Watson, Amanda P Stiteler and Mike M Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:20

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In this population-based study, we investigated the degree of concordance between Gleason scores obtained from prostate biopsies and those obtained from prostatectomy specimens, as well as the determinants of ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Rapiti, Robin Schaffar, Christophe Iselin, Raymond Miralbell, Marie-Françoise Pelte, Damien Weber, Roberto Zanetti, Isabelle Neyroud-Caspar and Christine Bouchardy

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:19

    Content type: Research article

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  33. During the last few decades, marital tensions and stresses have influenced various dimensions of life. The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of combined psycho-physiological therapy (st...

    Authors: Roohallah Bay, Shaiful Bahari Ismail, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin and Wan Nor Arifin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:16

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Studies of the impact of type 2 diabetes on the prevalence and incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among men have provided divergent results. We sought to examine this issue using two large and di...

    Authors: Stephen K Van Den Eeden, Assiamira Ferrara, Jun Shan, Steven J Jacobsen, Virginia P Quinn, Reina Haque and Charles P Quesenberry

    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:12

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although indwelling urethra catheterization is a medical intervention with well-defined risks, studies show that approximately 14–38% of the indwelling urethra catheters (IUCs) are placed without a specific me...

    Authors: Irálice AV Jansen, Titia EM Hopmans, Jan C Wille, Peterhans J van den Broek, Tjallie II van der Kooi and Birgit HB van Benthem

    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:25

    Content type: Research article

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