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Urological oncology

This section considers clinical studies relevant to oncological disorders in urology

Page 3 of 6

  1. Bladder cancers have been characterized as a tumor group in which the immunological response is relatively well preserved. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1, B7-H1, CD274) has been shown to be expressed in seve...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Yukari Ishiguro, Shinji Ohtake, Ikuma Kato, Yusuke Ito, Hiroki Ito, Kazuhide Makiyama, Keiichi Kondo, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Yasushi Yumura, Narihiko Hayashi, Hisashi Hasumi, Kimito Osaka, Kentaro Muraoka, Koji Izumi, Jun-ichi Teranishi…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:97

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) ultimately lost its role as the standard management of clinical stage (CS) 1 nonseminomatous (NS) testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs) in Europe when the Eu...

    Authors: K.-P. Dieckmann, P. Anheuser, M. Kulejewski, R. Gehrckens and B. Feyerabend

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:95

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intravesical Mitomycin-C (MMC) following transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), while efficacious, is associated with side effects and poor utilization. Continuous saline bladder irrigation (CSBI) h...

    Authors: Andrew T. Lenis, Kian Asanad, Maher Blaibel, Nicholas M. Donin and Karim Chamie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:93

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Radical cystectomy bears a considerable perioperative mortality risk particularly in elderly patients. In this study, we searched for predictors of perioperative and long-term competing (non-bladder cancer) mo...

    Authors: Michael Froehner, Rainer Koch, Matthias Hübler, Ulrike Heberling, Vladimir Novotny, Stefan Zastrow, Oliver W. Hakenberg and Manfred P. Wirth

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:91

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aims to prospectively evaluate the ability of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to forecast recurrence in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). This is a continuation of our t...

    Authors: Itamar Getzler, Zaher Bahouth, Ofer Nativ, Jacob Rubinstein and Sarel Halachmi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:90

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The goal of radical prostatectomy is to achieve the optimal balance between complete cancer removal and preserving a patient’s urinary and sexual function. Performing a wider excision of peri-prostatic tissue ...

    Authors: R. H. Breau, R. M. Kumar, L. T. Lavallee, I. Cagiannos, C. Morash, M. Horrigan, S. Cnossen, R. Mallick, D. Stacey, M. Fung-Kee-Fung, R. Morash, J. Smylie, K. Witiuk and D. A. Fergusson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The tumor draining lymph node concept was first described in penile cancer for staging. Immunohistochemistry and histopathology evaluations are routinely used in clinical practice to examine lymph nodes for me...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Jin Hu, A. Ali Zirakzadeh, Jesper Rosvall, Mats Hedlund, Ping Sheng Hu, Robert P.A. Wallin, Amir Sherif and Ola Winqvist

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:86

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Immediate early response gene 3 (IER3) is a stress-inducible gene, which exerts diverse effects in regulating cell apoptosis and cell cycle. Growing evidence shows that IER3 functions either as an oncogene or ...

    Authors: Jianheng Ye, Yanqiong Zhang, Zhiduan Cai, Minyao Jiang, Bowei Li, Guo Chen, Yanru Zeng, Yuxiang Liang, Shulin Wu, Zongwei Wang, Huichan He, Weide Zhong and Chin-Lee Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:82

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Most patients with advanced prostate cancer develop bone metastases, which often result in painful and debilitating skeletal-related events. Inhibitors of bone resorption, such as bisphosphonates and denosumab...

    Authors: Jean-Jacques Body, Roger von Moos, Daniela Niepel and Bertrand Tombal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:81

    Content type: Review

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  10. BRAF-activated long non-coding RNA (BANCR) has been associated with various types of cancer. Nevertheless, the role of BANCR in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still not fully understood. This study...

    Authors: Sheng Xue, Sheng-Qun Jiang, Qing-wen Li, Sheng Wang, Jian Li, Shuai Yang, Hai-Min Zhang, Yun-Fei Xu, Long-Sheng Wang and Jun-Hua Zheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:79

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Refinement of parameters defining prostate cancer (PC) prognosis are urgently needed to identify patients with indolent versus aggressive disease. The Canadian Prostate Cancer Biomaker Network (CPCBN) consists...

    Authors: Véronique Ouellet, Armen Aprikian, Alain Bergeron, Fadi Brimo, Robert G. Bristow, Simone Chevalier, Darrel Drachenberg, Ladan Fazli, Neil E. Fleshner, Martin Gleave, Pierre Karakiewicz, Laurence Klotz, Louis Lacombe, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Theodorus van der Kwast, Jeremy A. Squire…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:78

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This analysis estimated the number needed to treat with enzalutamide versus bicalutamide to achieve one additional patient with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who would obta...

    Authors: Neil M. Schultz, Neal D. Shore, Simon Chowdhury, Laurence H. Klotz, Raoul S. Concepcion, David F. Penson, Lawrence I. Karsh, Hongbo Yang, Bruce A. Brown, Arie Barlev and Scott C. Flanders

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:77

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2018 18:84

  13. To study the expression pattern, localisation and potential clinical significance of aquaporin water channels (AQP) both in prostate cancer (PC) cell lines and in benign and malignant human prostate tissue.

    Authors: Johannes Bründl, Sabine Wallinger, Johannes Breyer, Florian Weber, Matthias Evert, Nikolaos Theodoros Georgopoulos, Bernd Rosenhammer, Maximilian Burger, Wolfgang Otto and Peter Rubenwolf

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:75

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To explore the feasibility and long-term outcomes of renal preservation in a retrospective cohort of patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma undergoing total ureterectomy with ileal-ureteral substitution.

    Authors: Yin-Chien Ou, Che-Yuan Hu, Hong-Lin Cheng and Wen-Horng Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:73

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The benefits of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer (PCa) are controversial. The Canadian and American Task Forces on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC & USPSTF) have released recommendations against the use ...

    Authors: Ahmed S. Zakaria, Alice Dragomir, Fadi Brimo, Wassim Kassouf, Simon Tanguay and Armen Aprikian

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:69

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Recent studies suggest that FGFR3 is a potential therapeutic target in urothelial carcinoma (UC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rates and types of FGFR3 aberrations in patients with muscle-invasiv...

    Authors: Young Saing Kim, Kyung Kim, Ghee-Young Kwon, Su Jin Lee and Se Hoon Park

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:68

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CRP/Alb ratio) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been demonstrated to predict the clinical outcome of various ...

    Authors: Sezim Agizamhan, Feng Qu, Ning Liu, Jing Sun, Wei Xu, Lihua Zhang, Hongqian Guo and Weidong Gan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:60

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been shown to have abnormal expression in many human cancers and is considered as a marker of poor prognosis. Frequency of over expression in bladder cancer has not ...

    Authors: Atif Ali hashmi, Zubaida Fida Hussain, Muhammad Irfan, Erum Yousuf Khan, Naveen Faridi, Hanna Naqvi, Amir Khan and Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:59

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This study was conducted to determine whether the location of the bladder neck in postoperative cystography predicts recovery of continence after radical prostatectomy.

    Authors: Susumu Kageyama, Tetsuya Yoshida, Masayuki Nagasawa, Shigehisa Kubota, Keiji Tomita, Kenichi Kobayashi, Ryosuke Murai, Teruhiko Tsuru, Eiki Hanada, Kazuyoshi Johnin, Mitsuhiro Narita and Akihiro Kawauchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:52

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To determine whether prebiopsy multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) with subsequent systematic plus targeted biopsies for suspicious lesions improve prostate cancer detection compared with standa...

    Authors: Satoshi Washino, Shigeru Kobayashi, Tomohisa Okochi, Tomohiro Kameda, Tsuzumi Konoshi, Tomoaki Miyagawa, Tatsuya Takayama and Tatsuo Morita

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:51

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hospital length of stay (LOS) has recently been receiving increasing attention as a marker of medical resource consumption. Identifying predictors of longer LOS can better equip doctors to counsel patients and...

    Authors: Qingmei Huang, Ping Jiang, Lina Feng, Liping Xie, Shuo Wang, Dan Xia, Baihua Shen, Baiye Jin, Li Zheng and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:43

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney is a rare type of soft tissue sarcoma. Its presenting features can resemble those of other renal tumors; rendering its early diagnosis, a dilemma. Several cases of renal ...

    Authors: Alissar El Chediak, Deborah Mukherji, Sally Temraz, Samer Nassif, Sara Sinno, Rami Mahfouz and Ali Shamseddine

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:40

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Less evidence is known about the role of early changes in serum biomarker after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Here we evaluated the i...

    Authors: Hiromi Sato, Shintaro Narita, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Atsushi Koizumi, Taketoshi Nara, Sohei Kanda, Kazuyuki Numakura, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Shigeru Satoh, Kyoko Nomura and Tomonori Habuchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:32

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Lymph node dissection (LND) is not routinely performed during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) and the role of LND has been controversial. We aim to investigate whet...

    Authors: Runqi Guo, Yuze Zhu, Gengyan Xiong, Xuesong Li, Kai Zhang and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:24

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There's no consensus about the difference between renal pelvic and ureteral tumors in terms of clinical features, pathological outcomes, epigenetic biomarkers and prognosis.

    Authors: Dong Fang, Shiming He, Gengyan Xiong, Nirmish Singla, Zhenpeng Cao, Lei Zhang, Xuesong Li and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:22

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients.

    Authors: Ding Peng, Cui-jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-wei Yang, Xiao-teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-song Li, Zhi-song He and Li-qun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:20

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The non-invasive Cxbladder urine test system has demonstrated clinical utility in ruling out urothelial carcinoma (UC) in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), suggesting that the number of i...

    Authors: Tony Lough, Qingyang Luo, Carthika Luxmanan, Alastair Anderson, Jimmy Suttie, Paul O’Sullivan and David Darling

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:18

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Due to the lack of strong evidence to identify the relationship between antihypertensive drugs use and the risk of prostate cancer, it was needed to do a systematic review to go into the subject.

    Authors: Liang Cao, Sha Zhang, Cheng-ming Jia, Wei He, Lei-tao Wu, Ying-qi Li, Wen Wang, Zhe Li and Jing Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:17

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Positive surgical margin (PSM) is a predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP). Attempts to stratify PSM based on linear length, Gleason score, location and number have fail...

    Authors: Mohammed Shahait, Samer Nassif, Hani Tamim, Deborah Mukherji, Maya Hijazi, Marwan El Sabban, Raja Khauli, Muhammad Bulbul, Wassim Abou Kheir and Albert El Hajj

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:13

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This study aimed investigate the effect of the level of invasion into fibromuscular band (FMB) of prostate on the positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP...

    Authors: Aram Kim, Myong Kim, Se Un Jeong, Cheryn Song, Yong Mee Cho, Jae Yoon Ro and Hanjong Ahn

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:7

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although numerous studies have shown that perineural invasion (PNI) is linked to prostate cancer (PCa) risk, the results have been inconsistent. This study aimed to explore the association between PNI and bioc...

    Authors: Li-jin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhen-lei Zha, Wei Qu, Hu Zhao, Jun Yuan and Ye-jun Feng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:5

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage...

    Authors: Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:1

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study compared the detection rates for clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC) between magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography (MRI/US)-fusion-targeted biopsy (TB), systematic biopsy (SB) and...

    Authors: Yuji Hakozaki, Hisashi Matsushima, Jimpei Kumagai, Taro Murata, Tomoko Masuda, Yoko Hirai, Mai Oda, Nobuo Kawauchi, Munehiro Yokoyama and Yukio Homma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:117

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer in adults. Our aim is to evaluate genes and miRNAs expression profiles involved with angiogenesis and tumor characteristics in...

    Authors: Rita de Cássia Oliveira, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Nayara Izabel Viana, Ruan César Aparecido Pimenta, José Pontes Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Guimarães, Denis Reis Morais, Daniel Kanda Abe, Adriano João Nesrallah, Miguel Srougi, William Nahas and Sabrina Thalita Reis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:113

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Recently, the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26-item version (EPIC-26) was recommended for the assessment of adverse effects after the treatment of prostate cancer without clear reasons. This decisio...

    Authors: Karol Axcrona, Rasmus Nilsson, Bjørn Brennhovd, Øystein Sørebø, Sophie D. Fosså and Alv A. Dahl

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:111

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The purposes of this study were to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improved the prognosis of patients with high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC)and to identify the patients who...

    Authors: Kazutoshi Fujita, Kei Taneishi, Teruo Inamoto, Yu Ishizuya, Shingo Takada, Masao Tsujihata, Go Tanigawa, Noriko Minato, Shigeaki Nakazawa, Tsuyoshi Takada, Toshichika Iwanishi, Motohide Uemura, Yasushi Okuno, Haruhito Azuma and Nonomura Norio

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:110

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In prostate cancer, men diagnosed with low risk disease may be monitored through an active surveillance. This research explored the perspectives of men with prostate cancer regarding their decision-making proc...

    Authors: Margaret Fitch, Kittie Pang, Veronique Ouellet, Carmen Loiselle, Shabbir Alibhai, Simone Chevalier, Darrel E. Drachenberg, Antonio Finelli, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Simon Sutcliffe, Alan So, Simon Tanguay, Fred Saad and Anne-Marie Mes-Masson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:98

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Multi-step testing might enhance performance of the prostate cancer diagnostic pipeline. Using PSA >1 ng/ml for first-line risk stratification and the Stockholm 3 Model (S3M) blood-test >10% risk of Gleason Sc...

    Authors: Tobias Nordström, Jan Adolfsson, Henrik Grönberg and Martin Eklund

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Positive surgical margins are a strong prognostic marker of disease outcome following radical prostatectomy, though prior evidence is largely from a PSA-screened population. We therefore aim to evaluate the bi...

    Authors: Ashwin Sachdeva, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Antonia Voysey, Katherine Kelly, Mark I. Johnson, Jonathan Aning and Naeem A. Soomro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:91

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Recently, sarcopenia has been reported as a new predictor for patient outcomes or likelihood of post-operative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of the psoas muscle volum...

    Authors: Yoko Saitoh-Maeda, Takashi Kawahara, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Daiji Takamoto, Kota Shimokihara, Yuutaro Hayashi, Taku Mochizuki, Mari Ohtaka, Manami Nakamura, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-ichi Teranishi, Yasushi Yumura, Kimito Osaka, Hiroki Ito, Kazuhide Makiyama…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Besides clinical stage and Gleason score, risk-stratification of prostate cancer in the pretherapeutic setting mainly relies on the serum PSA level. Yet, this is associated with many uncertainties. With regard...

    Authors: Thomas Stefan Worst, Frank Waldbillig, Abdallah Abdelhadi, Cleo-Aron Weis, Maria Gottschalt, Annette Steidler, Jost von Hardenberg, Maurice Stephan Michel and Philipp Erben

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and urinary diversion (UD) is considered the standard treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). In a part of patients, RC procedure i...

    Authors: Qing Zhang, Shiwei Zhang, Shun Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiaozhi Zhao, Yongming Deng, Huibo Lian and Hongqian Guo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:81

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) usually presents as a localized disease in the nasal cavity; extension to the male genitourinary system is very rare and has been characterized only recently. ...

    Authors: Xiaotian Wang, Zimu Gong, Shawn Xiang Li, Wei Yan and Yongsheng Song

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:77

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Sunitinib has become mainstay first line treatment for patients with metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma (mRCC). Still, useful predictive markers of response are lacking and urgently needed for clinical deci...

    Authors: Martin Pilskog, Christian Beisland, Lars A. Akslen, Leif Bostad, Åse Haug, Daniel Heinrich, Karin M. Hjelle and Oddbjørn Straume

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of reduced dose, biweekly docetaxel chemotherapy for Korean patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

    Authors: Hae Su Kim, Ji Yun Lee, Su Jin Lee, Ho Yeong Lim, Hyun Hwan Sung, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Seong Soo Jeon, Hyun Moo Lee, Han-Yong Choi and Se Hoon Park

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:63

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined use of the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) as an assessment tool for urinary symptom flare after iodi...

    Authors: Makito Miyake, Nobumichi Tanaka, Isao Asakawa, Shunta Hori, Yosuke Morizawa, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Masatoshi Hasegawa, Tomomi Fujii, Noboru Konishi and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:62

    Content type: Research article

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  • BMC Urology works with with Cochrane Urology in providing our authors with expert advice on systematic reviews and meta-analyses

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