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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical relevance of aortic calcification in urolithiasis patients.

    Authors: Toshikazu Tanaka, Shingo Hatakeyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Takuma Narita, Itsuto Hamano, Teppei Matsumoto, Osamu Soma, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Ippei Takahashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yuriko Terayama, Tomihisa Funyu…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:25

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  2. Content type: Research article

    B7-H3, a member of the B7 family of the Ig superfamily of proteins, has been detected in the epididymis, which is a storage organ related to sperm maturation. However, the characteristics of its expression in ...

    Authors: Kai Li, Xuedong Wei, Guangbo Zhang, Miao Li, Xuefeng Zhang, Chenhao Zhou, Jianquan Hou and Hexing Yuan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:23

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In last years Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) has been closely associated to Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE) Aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of MetS and each single MetS parameter on prostate growth in...

    Authors: Mauro Gacci, Arcangelo Sebastianelli, Matteo Salvi, Cosimo De Nunzio, Linda Vignozzi, Giovanni Corona, Tommaso Jaeger, Tommaso Chini, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Mario Maggi, Giuseppe Morgia, Andrea Tubaro, Marco Carini and Sergio Serni

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:22

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  4. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Hiroji Uemura, Nobuaki Matsubara, Go Kimura, Akito Yamaguchi, Dianne Athene Ledesma, Marco DiBonaventura, Ateesha F. Mohamed, Enrique Basurto, Ian McKinnon, Ed Wang, Kristen Concialdi, Aya Narimatsu and Yasuko Aitoku

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:20

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    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2016 16:63

  5. Content type: Research article

    BAP1 and PBRM1 are frequently mutated in primary clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tumors; however, the frequency and clinical relevance of these mutations in metastatic ccRCC tumors is unknown. Addition...

    Authors: Jeanette E. Eckel-Passow, Daniel J. Serie, John C. Cheville, Thai H. Ho, Payal Kapur, James Brugarolas, R. Houston Thompson, Bradley C. Leibovich, Eugene D. Kwon, Richard W. Joseph and Alexander S. Parker

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:19

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  6. Content type: Review

    Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men in the US. Though considerable improvement in the diagnosis of prostate cancer has been achieved in the past decade, predicting disease outcome remains a...

    Authors: Hung N. Luu, Hui-Yi Lin, Karina Dalsgaard Sørensen, Olorunseun O. Ogunwobi, Nagi Kumar, Ganna Chornokur, Catherine Phelan, Dominique Jones, LaCreis Kidd, Jyotsna Batra, Kosj Yamoah, Anders Berglund, Robert J. Rounbehler, Mihi Yang, Sang Haak Lee, Nahyeon Kang…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We evaluate the efficacy and safety of metallic ureteric stenting using the Cook Resonance® stent in the treatment of chronic ureteric obstruction of benign and malignant aetiology. Published experience of usi...

    Authors: C. Patel, D. Loughran, R. Jones, M. Abdulmajed and I. Shergill

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:16

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of bilateral complex renal stones is a tough challenge for urologists. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of bilateral ultrasonography-guided multi-tract percutaneous nephroli...

    Authors: Taisheng Liang, Chenming Zhao, Gang Wu, Botao Tang, Xiangdong Luo, Shangguang Lu, Yu Dong and Huan Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:15

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the possibility of postoperative deterioration of renal function must be considered ...

    Authors: Ken Fukushi, Shingo Hatakeyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Itsuto Hamano, Takuma Narita, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Yuriko Terayama, Tomihisa Funyu and Chikara Ohyama

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:13

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In this study we sought if, in their quest to handle hypoxia, prostate tumors express target hypoxia-associated molecules and their correlation with putative functional genetic polymorphisms.

    Authors: Avelino Fraga, Ricardo Ribeiro, André Coelho, José Ramon Vizcaíno, Helena Coutinho, José Manuel Lopes, Paulo Príncipe, Carlos Lobato, Carlos Lopes and Rui Medeiros

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:12

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Understanding men’s experience of prostate biopsy is important as the procedure is common, invasive and carries potential risks. The psychological aspects of prostate biopsy have been somewhat neglected. The a...

    Authors: Catherine Coyle, Eileen Morgan, Frances J. Drummond, Linda Sharp and Anna Gavin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:11

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To compare the treatment outcomes between percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the management of stones larger than 2 cm in patients with solitary kidney.

    Authors: Yunjin Bai, Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Ping Han and Jia Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:9

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Partial nephrectomy for small renal masses (SRM) may be useful for preserving renal function, but is technically more difficult than radical nephrectomy. Cryoablation may be performed under local anesthesia. T...

    Authors: Fumiya Hongo, Yasuhiro Yamada, Takashi Ueda, Terukazu Nakmura, Yoshio Naya, Kazumi Kamoi, Koji Okihara, Yusuke Ichijo, Tsuneharu Miki, Kei Yamada and Osamu Ukimura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:10

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The immune escape or tolerance of cancer cells is considered to be closely involved in cancer progression. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) is an inhibitory receptor expressed on activating T cells, and several types...

    Authors: Takanobu Motoshima, Yoshihiro Komohara, Chaoya Ma, Arni Kusuma Dewi, Hirotsugu Noguchi, Sohsuke Yamada, Toshiyuki Nakayama, Shohei Kitada, Yoshiaki Kawano, Wataru Takahashi, Masaaki Sugimoto, Motohiro Takeya, Naohiro Fujimoto, Yoshinao Oda and Masatoshi Eto

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:8

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To explore the diagnostic benefit of an additional image fusion of the sagittal plane in addition to the standard axial image fusion, using a sensor-based MRI/US fusion platform.

    Authors: Karsten Günzel, Hannes Cash, John Buckendahl, Maximilian Königbauer, Patrick Asbach, Matthias Haas, Jörg Neymeyer, Stefan Hinz, Kurt Miller and Carsten Kempkensteffen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:7

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The goal was to assess the natural history and management of patients with pathologically proven bilateral (synchronous) RO after undergoing initial partial nephrectomy (PN).

    Authors: Andrew R. Leone, Laura C. Kidd, Gregory J. Diorio, Kamran Zargar-Shoshtari, Pranav Sharma, Wade J. Sexton and Philippe E. Spiess

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:6

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer.

    Authors: G. Hatiboglu, I. V. Popeneciu, M. Deppert, J. Nyarangi-Dix, B. Hadaschik, M. Hohenfellner, D. Teber and S. Pahernik

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:5

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Intermittent catheterisation is the method of choice for the management of bladder dysfunctions. Different urinary catheters are available, but there is conflicting evidence on which type of catheter is best. ...

    Authors: Carla Rognoni and Rosanna Tarricone

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:4

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Stone retropulsion represents a challenge for intracorporeal lithotripsy of ureteral calculi. The consequences are an increased duration and cost of surgery as well as decreased stone-free rates. The use of ad...

    Authors: Nici Markus Dreger, Friedrich Carl von Rundstedt, Stephan Roth, Alexander Sascha Brandt and Stephan Degener

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:3

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  20. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fulranumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against nerve growth factor (NGF), for pain relief in patients with interstitial cystitis/b...

    Authors: Hao Wang, Lucille J. Russell, Kathleen M. Kelly, Steven Wang and John Thipphawong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:2

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Immunotherapy with high-dose interleukin-2 (HD-IL2) results in long-term survival in some metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients but has significant acute toxicities. Biomarkers predicting response to...

    Authors: James A. Kuzman, David D. Stenehjem, Joseph Merriman, Archana M. Agarwal, Shiven B. Patel, Andrew W. Hahn, Anitha Alex, Dan Albertson, David M. Gill and Neeraj Agarwal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:1

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Calculus pyonephrosis is difficult to manage. The aim of this study is to explore the value of a patented suctioning sheath assisted minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the treatment of ...

    Authors: Jianrong Huang, Leming Song, Donghua Xie, Monong Li, Xiaolin Deng, Min Hu, Zuofeng Peng, Tairong Liu, Chuance Du, Lei Yao, Shengfeng Liu, Shulin Guo and Jiuqing Zhong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:71

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ureteral stenting has been a fundamental part of various urological procedures. Selecting a ureteral stent of optimal length is important for decreasing the incidence of stent migration and complications. The ...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Kentaro Sakamaki, Hiroki Ito, Shinnosuke Kuroda, Hideyuki Terao, Kazuhide Makiyama, Hiroji Uemura, Masahiro Yao, Hiroshi Miyamoto and Junichi Matsuzaki

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:70

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Lower urinary tract symptoms are highly prevalent and a large proportion of these symptoms are known to be associated with a dysfunction of the afferent pathways. Diagnostic tools for an objective and reproduc...

    Authors: Stéphanie van der Lely, Martina Stefanovic, Melanie R. Schmidhalter, Marta Pittavino, Reinhard Furrer, Martina D. Liechti, Martin Schubert, Thomas M. Kessler and Ulrich Mehnert

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:69

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To compare the complications of traditional transrectal (TR) prostate biopsy and image fusion guided transperineal (TP) prostate biopsy in our center.

    Authors: Haifeng Huang, Wei Wang, Tingsheng Lin, Qing Zhang, Xiaozhi Zhao, Huibo Lian and Hongqian Guo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:68

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common with a high rate of medical comorbidities. Although the association between ADs and the overall cancer risk remains controversial, patients with ADs were found to be more lik...

    Authors: Yung-Chan Chen, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin, Hsin-Chien Lee, Chung-Chien Huang and Shiu-Dong Chung

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:67

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Controversy remains on the superiority of combination therapy over monotherapy on ureteral stent-related symptoms (SRSs). We tend to explore if there is a necessity of combination therapy.

    Authors: Qinyu Liu, Banghua Liao, Ruochen Zhang, Tao Jin, Liang Zhou, Deyi Luo, Jiaming Liu, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:66

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Circumcision is a common minor surgical procedure and it is performed to a varying extent across countries and religions. Despite being a minor surgical procedure, major complications may result from it. In Gh...

    Authors: Kwaku Addai Arhin Appiah, Christian Kofi Gyasi-Sarpong, Roland Azorliade, Ken Aboah, Dennis Odai Laryea, Kwaku Otu-Boateng, Kofi Baah-Nyamekye, Patrick Opoku Manu Maison, Douglas Arthur, Isaac Opoku Antwi, Benjamin Frimpong-Twumasi, Edwin Mwintiereh Yenli, Samuel Kodzo Togbe and George Amoah

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:65

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Up to a fifth of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer (PC) will develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), which has been associated with a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to consider th...

    Authors: Hiroji Uemura, Nobuaki Matsubara, Go Kimura, Akito Yamaguchi, Dianne Athene Ledesma, Marco DiBonaventura, Ateesha F. Mohamed, Enrique Basurto, Ian McKinnon, Ed Wang, Kristen Concialdi, Aya Narimatsu and Yasuko Aitoku

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:63

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2017 17:20

  30. Content type: Research article

    Copy number variation (CNV) is a potential contributing factor to many genetic diseases. Here we investigated the potential association of CNV with nonsyndromic cryptorchidism, the most common male congenital ...

    Authors: Yanping Wang, Jin Li, Thomas F. Kolon, Alicia Olivant Fisher, T. Ernesto Figueroa, Ahmad H. BaniHani, Jennifer A. Hagerty, Ricardo Gonzalez, Paul H. Noh, Rosetta M. Chiavacci, Kisha R. Harden, Debra J. Abrams, Deborah Stabley, Cecilia E. Kim, Katia Sol-Church, Hakon Hakonarson…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:62

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in men are a common clinical problem in urology and have been historically strictly linked to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which may lead to bladder outlet obstructio...

    Authors: Simone Albisinni, Ibrahim Biaou, Quentin Marcelis, Fouad Aoun, Cosimo De Nunzio and Thierry Roumeguère

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:58

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to evaluate cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) recurrence who underwent salvage extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND), taking in...

    Authors: Daniar K. Osmonov, Alexey V. Aksenov, David Trick, Carsten M. Naumann, Moritz F. Hamann, Amr Abou Faddan and Klaus-Peter Jünemann

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:56

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  33. Content type: Research article

    To assess the efficacy and safety of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA (OnabotA) injection treatment in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), especially for patients with Parkinson d...

    Authors: Stephanie C. Knüpfer, Susanne A. Schneider, Mareike M. Averhoff, Carsten M. Naumann, Günther Deuschl, Klaus-Peter Jünemann and Moritz F. Hamann

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:55

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa) in specific regional areas in Victoria, Australia have a poorer five-year survival rate compared to men living elsewhere in Victoria. This study aims to describe patter...

    Authors: Rasa Ruseckaite, Fanny Sampurno, Jeremy Millar, Mark Frydenberg and Sue Evans

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:54

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have suggested a greater benefit for various outcomes in men diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who are treated with dutasteride than for men treated with finasteride. This stud...

    Authors: Josephina G. Kuiper, Irene D. Bezemer, Maurice T. Driessen, Averyan Vasylyev, Claus G. Roehrborn, Fernie J. A. Penning-van Beest and Ron M. C. Herings

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:53

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Methylation of the tumor suppressor gene H-cadherin (CDH13) has been reported in many cancers. However, the clinical effect of the CDH13 methylation status of patients with bladder cancer remains to be clarified.

    Authors: Feng Chen, Tao Huang, Yu Ren, Junjun Wei, Zhongguan Lou, Xue Wang, Xiaoxiao Fan, Yirun Chen, Guobin Weng and Xuping Yao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:52

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Quinolone is recommended as an antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent infectious complication after transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, but the increased appearance of quinolone-resistant organism has raised c...

    Authors: Jung Keun Lee, Sangchul Lee, Sung Kyu Hong, Seok-Soo Byun and Sang Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:51

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Studies have reported that early physical rehabilitation after surgical procedures is associated with improved outcome measured as shorter hospital stay and enhanced recovery. The aim of this study was to expl...

    Authors: E. Angenete, U. Angerås, M. Börjesson, J. Ekelund, M. Gellerstedt, T. Thorsteinsdottir, G. Steineck and E. Haglind

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:50

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To assess the efficacy and safety of the herbal medicine, Weng-li-tong (WLT) as monotherapy or combined with tolterodine in women with overactive bladder (OAB).

    Authors: Dong-dong Xiao, Jian-wei Lv, Xin Xie, Xing-wei Jin, Mu-jun Lu and Yuan Shao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:49

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is an effective palliation treatment in men with advanced prostate cancer (PC). However, ADT has well documented side effects that could alter the patient’s health-related qu...

    Authors: Nishi Karunasinghe, Yifei Zhu, Dug Yeo Han, Katja Lange, Shuotun Zhu, Alice Wang, Stephanie Ellett, Jonathan Masters, Megan Goudie, Justin Keogh, Benji Benjamin, Michael Holmes and Lynnette R. Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:48

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy and/or tolerability of pazopanib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) have been found to differ in Western and Asian populations. This retrospective multicenter study analyzed t...

    Authors: Moon Jin Kim, Se Hoon Park, Jae-Lyun Lee, Se-Hoon Lee, Su Jin Lee and Ho Yeong Lim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2016 16:46

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