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  1. Adenovirus gastroenteritis is a common cause of diarrhea and vomiting in infants, resulting in prerenal acute kidney injury (AKI). However, postrenal AKI due to urinary stones associated with adenovirus gastro...

    Authors: Hideki Ban, Kenichiro Miura, Rika Tomoeda, Katsuki Hirai and Motoshi Hattori

    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:5

    Content type: Case report

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  2. There are few reports about balloon dilatation combined with internal and external drainage tube in the treatment of ureteral stricture under interventional therapy. The aim of the study is to explore the safe...

    Authors: Haohao Lu, Chuansheng Zheng, Bin Liang and Bin Xiong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:4

    Content type: Research

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  3. Malament stitch is one of the effective techniques employed to minimize bleeding in simple open prostatectomy but concerns about possibility of increased risk of bladder neck stenosis has limited its routine u...

    Authors: Okwudili Calistus Amu, Emmanuel Azubuike Affusim, Ugochukwu Uzodimma Nnadozie and Okezie Mbadiwe

    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:3

    Content type: Research

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  4. To describe the influence of the socioeconomic development on worldwide age-standardized incidence and mortality rates, as well as mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) and 5-year net survival of urologic cancer ...

    Authors: Xiao-Fang Xia, Yi-Qiu Wang, Shi-Yi Shao, Xin-Yu Zhao, Shi-Geng Zhang, Zhong-Yi Li, Yi-Chu Yuan and Nan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:2

    Content type: Research

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  5. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), like ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD), are associated with urinary extra-intestinal manifestations, like urolithiasis and uncomplicated urinary tract infectio...

    Authors: Jake Herbert, Emily Teeter, Landen Shane Burstiner, Ralfi Doka, Amor Royer, Anna H. Owings, Julia Liu, Sarah C. Glover and Pegah Hosseini-Carroll

    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:1

    Content type: Research

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  6. To investigate the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to anterior urethral strictures of Chinese urologists and to compare with developed countries and the American Urologic Association guidelines.

    Authors: Changhao Hou, Yubo Gu, Wei Yuan, Zeyu Wang, Jiahao Lin, Qiang Fu and Lujie Song

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research

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  7. CT-Urography combined with 3D printing technology, digital design, construction of individualized PCNL puncture guides, and preliminary analyze their efficacy, safety puncture positioning for PCNL.

    Authors: Gao Keyu, Li Shuaishuai, Ashok Raj, Li Shuofeng, Liu Shuai, Zhang Yuan, Zhu Haitao and Wang Junqi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research

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  8. Combining targeted biopsy (TB) with systematic biopsy (SB) is currently recommended as the first-line biopsy method by the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines in patients diagnosed with prostate c...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Tong Chen, Meng Wang, Hanbing Chen, Caishan Wang, Peiqing Liu, Songtao Liu, Jing Luo, Qi Ma and Lijun Xu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research

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  9. We aimed to assess the outcome of staged transverse preputial island flap (TPIF) urethroplasty for repairing certain cases of primary proximal hypospadias with moderate-to-severe chordee in children.

    Authors: Hai Lin, Yu-Yun Wang, Shi-Bing Li, Ze-Ting Chen and Liang-Ju Su

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:182

    Content type: Technical advance

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  10. To explore the feasibility of single-position laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) and tumor thrombectomy for left renal cell carcinoma with high-risk Mayo 0 and 1 tumor thrombus (TT).

    Authors: Adili Keranmu, Mingshuai Wang, Yajian Li, Feiya Yang, Wasilijiang Wahafu, Dong Chen, Jing Liang, Kaopeng Guan and Nianzeng Xing

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research

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  11. To compare 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) with narrow-band imaging (NBI) for cancer detection during transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT).

    Authors: Hiroki Hagimoto, Noriyuki Makita, Yuta Mine, Hidetoshi Kokubun, Shiori Murata, Yohei Abe, Masashi Kubota, Naofumi Tsutsumi, Toshinari Yamasaki and Mutsushi Kawakita

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research

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  12. To assess the use and safety of free combination therapy (dutasteride and tamsulosin), dutasteride monotherapy, or tamsulosin monotherapy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

    Authors: Zrinka Lulic, Hwancheol Son, Sang-Bae Yoo, Marianne Cunnington, Pratiksha Kapse, Diane Miller, Vanessa Cortes, Suna Park, Rachel H. Bhak and Mei Sheng Duh

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ichthyosis is a rare skin disorder, in which the shedding of squamous cells is altered. Intravesical ichthyosis is an extremely rare condition. There is evidence for an association with intravesical condylomat...

    Authors: T. Hermans, R. grosse Siemer and F. C. von Rundstedt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:177

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the primary treatment of localized prostate cancer. Immediate urinary incontinence post-RP was still common and depressing without specific reason.

    Authors: Xuwei Lu, Chang He, Sihong Zhang, Fan Yang, Zhuifeng Guo, Jiaqi Huang, Minke He, Jiawen Wu, Xia Sheng, Wenyao Lin, Jie Cheng, Jianming Guo and Hang Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research

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  15. Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common and prevalent sexual disorder among men. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study aimed at evaluating the relationship of PE among polygamous men.

    Authors: Abdikarim Hussein Mohamed, Hussein Ali Mohamud and Adem Yasar

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative composite inflammatory index on adhesional perinephric fat (APF), providing a help for preoperative risk assessment of laparoscopic partial nephrecto...

    Authors: Teng Ma, Lin Cong, Qianli Ma, Zhaoqin Huang, Qianqian Hua, Xiaojiao Li, Ximing Wang and Yunchao Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research

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  17. Urothelial bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies with high mortality and high recurrence rate. Angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastasis of multiple cancers are partly modulated by CC c...

    Authors: Yuxin Li, Xiong Chen, Dongjie Li, Zhiming Yang, Yao Bai, Sheng Hu, Zhenyu Liu, Jie Gu and XiaoBo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research

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  18. Interstitial cystitis, or bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), is a chronic bladder disorder characterized by lower abdominal pain associated with the urinary bladder and accompanied by urinary frequency and urgenc...

    Authors: Ali Hashemi Gheinani, Akshay Akshay, Mustafa Besic, Annette Kuhn, Irene Keller, Rémy Bruggmann, Hubert Rehrauer, Rosalyn M. Adam, Fiona C. Burkhard and Katia Monastyrskaya

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research

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  19. This study was conducted to present our experience in urethral mucosal graft urethroplasty to repair urethral stricture, as the first experience in our context.

    Authors: Sami Mahjoub Taha Awad, Musab Abdalla M. Ahmed, Yassin Mohamed Osman Abdalla, Mohammed El Imam M. Ahmed and Mohamed Daffalla-Awadalla Gismalla

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research

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  20. The correlation between modified bladder outlet obstruction index (MBOOI) and surgical efficacy still remains unknown. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical value of the MBOOI and its use in...

    Authors: Hongming Liu, Ye Tian, Guangheng Luo, Zhiyong Su, Yong Ban, Zhen Wang and Zhaolin Sun

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research

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  21. The combination of multi-parametric MRI to locate and define suspected lesions together with their being targeted by an MRI-guided prostate biopsy has succeeded in increasing the detection rate of clinically s...

    Authors: Barak Rosenzweig, Tomer Drori, Orit Raz, Gil Goldinger, Gadi Shlomai, Dorit E. Zilberman, Moshe Shechtman, Jacob Ramon, Zohar A. Dotan and Orith Portnoy

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research

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  22. Bladder cancer (BC) has high mortality due to distant metastasis. Previous works suggested that microRNA (miRNA)-340 is a critical regulator for the development and progression of various cancers. The specific...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Shouhua Pan, Zhirong Zhu and Junlong Li

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research

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  23. One of the major concerns of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with nephroureterectomy is intravesical recurrence (IVR). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pred...

    Authors: Masato Yanagi, Tsutomu Hamasaki, Jun Akatsuka, Yuki Endo, Hayato Takeda and Yukihiro Kondo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research

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  24. Graft substitute urethroplasty is recommended for patients with long segment anterior urethral stricture. The therapeutic effects of the grafts need to be validated on the animal models. Therefore the aim of t...

    Authors: Jianpo Zhai, Danhui Zhao, Guanglin Huang, Libo Man, Guoqiang Yan and Chengai Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research

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  25. Primary bladder sarcoma (PBS) is a rare malignant tumor of the bladder with a poor prognosis, and its disease course is inadequately understood. Therefore, our study aimed to establish a prognostic model to de...

    Authors: Shijie Li, Xuefeng Liu and Xiaonan Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research

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  26. Although multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is widely used to assess the volume of prostate cancer, it often underestimates the histological tumor boundary. The aim of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Po-Fan Hsieh, Tzung-Ruei Li, Wei-Ching Lin, Han Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Rei Yang, Chin-Chung Yeh, Wen-Chin Huang and Hsi-Chin Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research

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  27. Although red blood cells (RBC) transfusion is known to be significantly associated with biochemical recurrence in patients undergoing open prostatectomy, its influence on biochemical recurrence after robot-ass...

    Authors: Jiwon Han, Young-Tae Jeon, Jung-Hee Ryu, Ah-Young Oh, Hwanik Kim, Yu Kyung Bae and Chang-Hoon Koo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research

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  28. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the three-port approach and conventional five-port laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with an ileal conduit.

    Authors: Zhouting Tuo, Ying Zhang, Jinyou Wang, Huan Zhou, Youlu Lu, Xin Wang, Chao Yang, Dexin Yu and Liangkuan Bi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research

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  29. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of vacuum-assisted sheaths and conventional sheaths in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the trea...

    Authors: Ling Zhu, Zhenghao Wang, Ye Zhou, Liping Gou, Yan Huang and Xiaofeng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research

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  30. Theory-based intervention materials must be carefully adapted to meet the needs of users with specific physical conditions. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been adapted successfully for cancer, chr...

    Authors: James Elander, Romaana Kapadi, Emma Coyne, Maarten W. Taal, Nicholas M. Selby, Carol Stalker and Kathryn Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research

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  31. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) categorized with and without Hunner lesions is a condition that displays chronic pelvic pain related to the bladder with no efficacious treatment options. T...

    Authors: Hidetoshi Tabata, Masanori Sasaki, Yuko Kataoka-Sasaki, Nobuo Shinkai, Koji Ichihara, Naoya Masumori, Jeffery D. Kocsis and Osamu Honmou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research

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  32. Previously, we presented the short-term outcomes of surgeon-tailored mesh in patients with SUI undergoing TOT. In this report, we aim to highlight the two-year outcomes of surgeon tailored mesh in terms of sub...

    Authors: Salah E. Shebl

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research

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  33. This study aimed to evaluate the association of asymptomatic pyuria before ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (URSL) with postoperative febrile urinary tract infection (UTI).

    Authors: Kuan-Jung Lin, Eric Y. H. Huang, I-shen Huang, Yu-Hua Fan, Chih-Chieh Lin, Tzu-Ping Lin, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Shing-Hwa Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Howard Hung-Hao Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T. L. Lin and William J. S. Huang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research

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  34. Ureteral stenosis is a serious complication of flexible ureteroscopy. How to predict the possibility of stricture before surgery is an important topic. This research retrospectively studied the influence of pr...

    Authors: Yuefan Shen, Anping Xiang and Sihai Shao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research

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  35. Midureteral stenosis is very rare in children and can cause congenital hydronephrosis. We report our experience treating children with congenital midureteral stenosis at our center, focusing on the differences...

    Authors: Zhaoyi Meng, Defu Lin, Guannan Wang, Yanchao Qu and Ning Sun

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research

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  36. This Commentary is in response to the BMC Urology publication entitled “Infection-related hospitalization following ureteroscopic stone treatment: Results from a surgical collaborative”. This study utilized a ...

    Authors: Wesley A. Mayer

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:150

    Content type: Commentary

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  37. To explore whether opening the external urethral orifice in the coronal sulcus can reduce the incidence of epididymitis after operating on hypospadias with prostatic utricle cyst (PUC) connecting to the vas de...

    Authors: Jun Lu, Junjie Cen, Wenwei Wang, Hongwei Zhao, Pengju Li, Jiacong Mo, Zhenhua Chen, Yiming Tang, Jinhuan Wei, Junhang Luo, Shiying Huang and Yong Fang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research

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  38. A significant proportion of boys present to surgical specialists later in infancy/early childhood for elective operative circumcision despite the higher procedural risks. This study aims to assess physician pe...

    Authors: Ushasi Naha, Hans C. Arora, Ryan F. Walton, Ilina Rosoklija, Lindsay M. Skibley and Emilie K. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research

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  39. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is very common in aging men. We aimed to compare the effects of tamsulosin and pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed oil on BPH symptoms.

    Authors: Nikan Zerafatjou, Mohammadali Amirzargar, Mahdi Biglarkhani, Farzaneh Shobeirian and Ghazal Zoghi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research

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  40. Urinary bladder lymphangioma is a rare and benign lesion that is often causes symptoms related to irritation and urinary tract obstruction. Because a lymphangioma may resemble a true neoplasm of the urinary bl...

    Authors: Wei He, Li Jin, Fang-fang Lin, Xiao-long Qi, Xiang-lei He, Da-hong Zhang and Ming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Recently, presepsin has been reported to be a useful biomarker for early diagnosis of sepsis and evaluation of prognosis in septic patients. However, few reports have evaluated its usefulness in patients with ...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Sekine, Kazuhiko Kotani, Daisuke Oka, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Takahiro Syuto, Seiji Arai, Masashi Nomura, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Masami Murakami and Kazuhiro Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research

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  42. FAM83H was originally reported to be essential for dental enamel formation. However, FAM83H has recently been implicated in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Analysis of a publicly available gene expression...

    Authors: Ae-Ri Ahn, Sang Jae Noh, Usama Khamis Hussein, Ho Sung Park, Myoung Ja Chung, Ho Lee, Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Jae Kang, Hyung Jin Kim, Na Ri Lee, Kyu Yun Jang and Kyoung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research

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  43. The prevalence of kidney stones in the world is increasing and environmental factors seem to play a major role in this issue. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of risk factors of k...

    Authors: Parvin Khalili, Zahra Jamali, Tabandeh Sadeghi, Ali Esmaeili-nadimi, Maryam Mohamadi, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Fatemeh Ayoobi and Alireza Nazari

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research

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