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  1. Inflammation is often associated with several bladder dysfunctions, including overactive bladder (OAB) and interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/PBS). As such, inflammation of the bladder and the act...

    Authors: Zane Stromberga, Russ Chess-Williams and Christian Moro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Bosniak III and IV cysts have a high risk of malignancy and have traditionally been managed surgically. However, growing evidence suggests that many can be managed by active surveillance. The main objective of...

    Authors: Félix Couture, Antonio Finelli, Amélie Tétu, Bimal Bhindi, Rodney H. Breau, Anil Kapoor, Wassim Kassouf, Luke Lavallée, Simon Tanguay, Philippe D. Violette and Patrick O. Richard

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Our purpose was to study the relationship of the 3 different types of endoscopic calcifications of the renal papilla (Randall’s plaque, intratubular calcification, papillary crater) with the type of stone and ...

    Authors: X.A. Sabaté Arroyo, F. Grases Freixedas, J. L. Bauzà Quetglas, J. Guimerà Garcia and E. Pieras Ayala

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Male circumcision confers partial protection against heterosexual HIV acquisition among men. The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has supported > 18,900,000 voluntary medical male circumcisi...

    Authors: Todd J. Lucas, Carlos Toledo, Stephanie M. Davis, D. Heather Watts, Joseph S. Cavanaugh, Valerian Kiggundu, Anne G. Thomas, Elijah Odoyo-June, Collen Bonnecwe, Tintswalo Hilda Maringa, Enilda Martin, Ambrose Wanyonyi Juma, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Shirish Balachandra, Jotamo Come, Marcos Canda…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Relaxin is an endogenous protein that has been shown to have antifibrotic properties in various organ systems. There has been no characterization of relaxin’s role in the human bladder. Our objective was to ch...

    Authors: Edward C. Diaz, Mason Briggs, Yan Wen, Guobing Zhuang, Shannon L. Wallace, Amy D. Dobberfuhl, Chia-Sui Kao and Bertha C. Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Medical expulsive therapy (MET) is recommended for ureteral stones when there is no indication for interventional treatment. Spontaneous passage (SP) may not always be perceived in patients undergoing MET. We ...

    Authors: Nusret Can Cilesiz, Arif Ozkan, Arif Kalkanli, Ali Eroglu, Cem Tuğrul Gezmis, Berkan Simsek and Burak Arslan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  7. DA-8010 is a novel compound developed for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary incontinence. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of DA-8010 on OAB in a rat model.

    Authors: Jin Bong Choi, Seung Hwan Jeon, Eun Bi Kwon, Woong Jin Bae, Hyuk Jin Cho, U-Syn Ha, Sung-Hoo Hong, Ji Youl Lee and Sae Woong Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Testicular sex cord stromal tumors (SCSTs) are managed similarly to germ cell tumors (GCTs); however, few studies have directly compared outcomes between these tumor types. Using the National Cancer Database (...

    Authors: Kyle B. Zuniga, Samuel L. Washington III, Sima P. Porten and Maxwell V. Meng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2020 20:103

  9. FTO is known to be associated with body mass and obesity in humans and its over-expression affects the energy metabolism of cancer cells. The aim of the present study is to investigate the biological role of F...

    Authors: Lijie Wen, Xianwei Pan, Yang Yu and Bo Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Wide-spectrum antibiotics have been favored to treat acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) for a long time, leading to the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria. We hypothesize that narrow-spectrum antibioti...

    Authors: Dai Koguchi, Yasukiyo Murakami, Masaomi Ikeda, Masato Dobashi and Junichiro Ishii

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To evaluate the efficacy of submucosal injection of triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of type II/III interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Xiaozhou Zhou, Zhipeng Chen, Tailin Xiong, Jian Fu, Zhengchao Liu, Dishi Yan, Zhansong Zhou and Wenhao Shen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Duplex kidneys are one of the most common renal congenital abnormalities, mostly asymptomatic and of no clinical significance. There are little reports about the left ureterocele and stone of calyceal divertic...

    Authors: Yang Pan, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Yunxiao Zhu and Hualin Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Persistent or recurrent haemospermia often occurs in individuals with ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct...

    Authors: Zheng-Ju Ren, Bo Yang, Dong-liang Lu, Sheng-Zhuo Liu, Lu-Chen Yang, Lin Cun Wang, Zhu-Feng Peng, Liang-Ren Liu and Qiang Dong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Sigmoid bowel perforation is a very rare and serious complication of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for female stress urinary incontinence. The complication can be avoided with the us...

    Authors: Xiao Huang, Hai Jiang and Liping Xie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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  15. A routine blood examination is one of the most rapid, convenient and inexpensive clinical examinations that can reflect a patient’s inflammatory status and other blood conditions, and the prognostic value of r...

    Authors: Jingqi Zhang, Xiaozhou Zhou, Hua Ding, Liwei Wang, Sha Liu, Yuting Liu and Zhiwen Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of transurethral thulium laser en bloc resection of the bladder tumor (TmLRBT) in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and to investigate whether a...

    Authors: Wenhao Zhou, Wei Wang, Wenbo Wu, Tingmang Yan, Guofang Du and Haitao Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Technical advance

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  17. The robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been widely applied in recent years; however, only a few studies are reported about long-term urinary continence after surgery. The present study aimed to ex...

    Authors: Xing Li, Huan Zhang, Zhuo Jia, Yunpeng Wang, Yong Song, Limin Liao and Xu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To compare the safety and efficacy of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and modified Ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (UMP) in semi-supine combined lithotomy position for the management of 1.5–3.5 cm...

    Authors: Zhuohang Li, Cong Lai, Arvind K. Shah, Weibin Xie, Cheng Liu, Li Huang, Kuiqing Li, Hao Yu and Kewei Xu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Steep Trendelenburg position (ST) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) poses a risk of increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) in men receiving robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). The aim...

    Authors: Yuko Shirono, Itsuhiro Takizawa, Takashi Kasahara, Ryo Maruyama, Kazutoshi Yamana, Toshiki Tanikawa, Noboru Hara, Yuta Sakaue, Tetsuya Togano, Tsutomu Nishiyama, Takeo Fukuchi and Yoshihiko Tomita

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains a primary treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa) even though there is no evidence that its use is beneficial in the absence of curative treatment.

    Authors: Heikki Seikkula, Peter J. Boström, Karri Seppä, Janne Pitkäniemi, Nea Malila and Antti Kaipia

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The clinical landscape of prostate biopsy (PB) is evolving with changes in procedures and techniques. Moreover, antibiotic resistance is increasing and influences the efficacy of pre-biopsy prophylactic regime...

    Authors: Sofie C. M. Tops, Evert L. Koldewijn, Diederik M. Somford, Anita M. P. Huis, Eva Kolwijck, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher and J. P. Michiel Sedelaar

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Acute pyelonephritis (APN) with obstructive uropathy often causes sepsis. Recently, sepsis was redefined using the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, based on the new Sepsis-3 criteria. We inves...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Tambo, Satoru Taguchi, Yu Nakamura, Takatsugu Okegawa and Hiroshi Fukuhara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic factors for sperm retrieval and determine if Y chromosome deletion is associated with deleterious effects on spermatogenesis in non-mosaic Klinefelter pa...

    Authors: I-Shen Huang, Richard J. Fantus, Wei-Jen Chen, James Wren, Wei-Tang Kao, Eric Yi-Hsiu Huang, Nelson E. Bennett, Robert E. Brannigan and William J. Huang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sexual function is a component of quality of life, and sexual dysfunction entails reduced satisfaction with life and impaired mood and quality of relationships and affects not only the individual’s quality of ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nazari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Marjan Mansourian and Valiollah Hajhashemi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Sarcomatoid differentiation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with vena caval tumour thrombus has been shown to be associated with aggressive behaviours and poor prognosis; however, evidence of the impact of rhabd...

    Authors: Bin Yang, Haizhui Xia, Chuxiao Xu, Min Lu, Shudong Zhang, Guoliang Wang and Lulin Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Endourological procedures are widely used to treat benign urinary disorders and the double-J stent is routinely used. However, its potential impact on sexual function remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a...

    Authors: Junlin Lu, Yinghong Lu, Yang Xun, Fan Chen, Shaogang Wang and Shiyi Cao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Surveilling recurrent urothelial carcinoma (UC) requires frequent cystoscopy, which is invasive, expensive and time-consuming. An accurate urinary biomarker has the potential to reduce the number of cystoscopi...

    Authors: Madhusudan Koya, Sue Osborne, Christophe Chemaslé, Sima Porten, Anne Schuckman and Andrew Kennedy-Smith

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  28. RNA sequencing data is providing abundant information about the levels of dysregulation of genes in various tumors. These data, as well as data based on older microarray technologies have enabled the identific...

    Authors: Sinisa Simonovic, Christian Hinze, Kai M. Schmidt-Ott, Jonas Busch, Monika Jung, Klaus Jung and Anja Rabien

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The treatment effect of dapoxetine in real-world practice is not well established. This study was to investigate the factors influencing efficacy of dapoxetine for the treatment of Premature ejaculation (PE) i...

    Authors: Jing Peng, Dong Fang, Huixi Li, Yuan Tang, Yiming Yuan, Wanshou Cui, Bing Gao, Hongjun Li and Zhichao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Approximately 80% of patients with indwelling ureteral stents experience stent related symptoms (SRS). We believe SRS can be reduced through altering the composition of ureteral stents to a less firm material....

    Authors: Nariman Gadzhiev, Dmitry Gorelov, Vigen Malkhasyan, Gagik Akopyan, Revaz Harchelava, Denis Mazurenko, Christina Kosmala, Zhamshid Okhunov and Sergei Petrov

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Post-operative urinary incontinence is a significant concern for patients choosing to undergo a radical prostatectomy (RP) for treatment of prostate cancer. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of ...

    Authors: Diwei Lin, Michael O’Callaghan, Rowan David, Andrew Fuller, Richard Wells, Peter Sutherland and Darren Foreman

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Preliminary data suggest that the urinary microbiome may play a role in bladder cancer. Information regarding the most suitable method of collecting urine specimens is needed for the large population studies n...

    Authors: Suchitra K. Hourigan, Wei Zhu, Wendy S.W.Wong, Nicole C. Clemency, Marina Provenzano, Thierry Vilboux, John E. Niederhuber, John Deeken, Simon Chung, Kim McDaniel-Wiley and Donald Trump

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To assess the prevalence of intraoperative penile erection in our endourology practice and the utility of intravenous ketamine in the management of the condition.

    Authors: Aşkın Eroğlu, Bahattin Tuncalı and Rahmi Gökhan Ekin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Transient postoperative urinary incontinence is a bothersome complication of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). The effects of preoperative pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) for early recover...

    Authors: Go Anan, Yasuhiro Kaiho, Hiromichi Iwamura, Jun Ito, Yuki Kohada, Jotaro Mikami and Makoto Sato

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Urinary incontinence (UI) is highly prevalent and affects the lives of many men and women. We aimed to conduct a qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) to explore the experience of living with UI and to develop ...

    Authors: Francine Toye and Karen L. Barker

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Urolithiasis is a clinically common benign disease in urology. Surgical treatments that are widely used in urolithiasis are percutaneous nephrolithotomy, rigid/flexible ureteroscopy, laparoscopic surgery, and ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Lisong Shan, Jiahui Yin, Luyang Liu, Pengchao Wang, Shengkun Sun, Xu Zhang, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Gang Guo and Qiming Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Case report

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  37. To study the outcomes and experiences of using metallic stents in treating patients with malignant ureteral obstruction (MUO), we examined the effects of metallic ureteral stenting using the Cook Resonance® st...

    Authors: Jun Miyazaki, Mizuki Onozawa, Satoshi Takahashi, Yuka Maekawa, Mitsuru Yasuda, Koichiro Wada, Yuji Maeda, Takuro Masaki, Akito Yamaguchi, Masahiko Suzuki, Yasuyuki Sakai, Tomokazu Kimura, Manabu Takai, Kensaku Seike, Takahiko Hashimoto and Shingo Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Metachronous renal cell carcinoma after radical nephrectomy is extremely rare. Renal cell carcinoma commonly metastasizes to distant organs. However, metastasis to the urinary bladder is very uncommon.

    Authors: Mustufa Babar, Saad Hamdani, Corinne Liu, Jogarao Vedula and David S. Schnapp

    Citation: BMC Urology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Case report

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