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Table 3 Risk of prevalent lower urinary tract symptoms by diabetes characteristics, CMHS and RPGEH Cohorts, Kaiser Permanente

From: Impact of type 2 diabetes on lower urinary tract symptoms in men: a cohort study

  LUTS †
   OR * 95% CI
Diabetes No 1.0 (ref) ref ref
  Yes 1.32 1.26 1.38
Treatment Not DM 1.0 (ref) ref ref
  None 1.13 0.97 1.32
  Oral medication 1.40 1.29 1.51
  Insulin 1.28 1.10 1.48
Duration Not DM 1.0 (ref) ref ref
  <5 years 1.28 1.18 1.40
  ≥5 years 1.38 1.27 1.51
  1. * Adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index.
  2. † AUASI score of 8 or more.