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  1. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis and follow-up of stone forming patients is usually performed by analysis of 24-h urine samples. However, crystallization risk varies throughout the day, being higher at night. The main objective ...

    Authors: Adrian Rodriguez, Concepcion Saez-Torres, Concepcion Mir, Paula Casasayas, Nuria Rodriguez, Dolores Rodrigo, Guiem Frontera, Juan Manuel Buades, Cristina Gomez, Antonia Costa-Bauza and Felix Grases

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:116

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To provide some basis for the prevention of urinary stones in general population, we did a systemic analysis of urinary stones from Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China by a multi-center st...

    Authors: Rui-hong Ma, Xiao-bing Luo, Qin Li and Hai-qiang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:114

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To study nocturia in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) after medical or placebo treatment.

    Authors: Zhigang Xue, Yunhua Lin, Yongguang Jiang, Nengbao Wei and Jinwen Bi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:115

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Delayed bowel function recovery and postoperative ileus are relatively serious complications of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC). Our study aimed to determine whether performing pelvic re-peritonealizatio...

    Authors: Qiang Cao, Pengchao Li, Xiao Yang, Jian Qian, Zengjun Wang, Qiang Lu and Min Gu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:113

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To assess the morbidities of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using supra-costal access and re-evaluate traditional concept of increased complications with supra-costal access.

    Authors: Meng-Yi Yan, Jesun Lin, Heng-Chieh Chiang, Yao-Li Chen and Pao-Hwa Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:112

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that albumin-related systemic inflammation is associated with the long-term prognosis of cancer, but the clinical significance of an early (≤ 7 days) post-operative serum albumin le...

    Authors: Yongquan Tang, Zhihong Liu, Jiayu Liang, Ruochen Zhang, Kan Wu, Zijun Zou, Chuan Zhou, Fuxun Zhang and Yiping Lu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:111

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of abiraterone acetate (AA) plus prednisone compared with prednisone alone in Asian patients with chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC),...

    Authors: Liancheng Fan, Baijun Dong, Chenfei Chi, Yanqing Wang, Yiming Gong, Jianjun Sha, Jiahua Pan, Xun Shangguan, Yiran Huang, Lixin Zhou and Wei Xue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:110

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)- deficient renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a newly identified rare subtype of RCC, having only gained acceptance from the World Health Organization in 2016. To the best of our knowl...

    Authors: Ravi Kumar, Michael Bonert, Asghar Naqvi, Kevin Zbuk and Anil Kapoor

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:109

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Cisplatin (CP) or cis-diammine dichloroplatinum (II) is a platinum based standard antineoplastic drug which is used against variety of solid tumors and neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the shield...

    Authors: Sarwat Jahan, Asma Munawar, Suhail Razak, Sara Anam, Qurat Ul Ain, Hizb Ullah, Tayyaba Afsar, Mahmoud Abulmeaty and Ali Almajwal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:107

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare variety of a kidney neoplasm. We report a case of bilateral Xp11.2 translocation RCC occurring metachronously and discuss this very rare entity with re...

    Authors: Takashi Karashima, Takahira Kuno, Naoto Kuroda, Hirofumi Satake, Satoshi Fukata, Masakazu Chikazawa, Chiaki Kawada, Ichiro Yamasaki, Taro Shuin, Makoto Hiroi and Keiji Inoue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:106

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  11. Content type: Case report

    The spontaneous regression of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a rare phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of < 1%. We report a case of post-nephrectomy renal cell carcinoma adrenal metastasis, followed b...

    Authors: Ti-Yuan Yang, Wun-Rong Lin and Allen W. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:105

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Varicocele is known to be associated with infertility and sperm disorders. The exact cause of this ailment is not fully understood. There are limited numbers of studies where venous blood gases (VBGs) of varic...

    Authors: Khaleeq ur Rehman, Hafsa Zaneb, Abdul Basit Qureshi, Ahsan Numan, Muhammad Shahbaz Yousaf, Imtiaz Rabbani and Habib Rehman

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:104

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that, compared with non-stone formers, stone formers have a higher papillary density measured with computer tomography (CT) scan. The effect of increased hydration on such papillary...

    Authors: Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Matteo Vittori, Giuseppe Macis, Alessandro D’Addessi, Gianmarco Lombardi, Claudia Palmisano, Jacopo Gervasoni, Aniello Primiano, Pier Francesco Bassi and Giovanni Gambaro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:101

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Warm ischemia (WI) and bleeding constitute the main challenges for surgeons during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). Current literature on the use of lasers for cutting and coagulation remains scarce and...

    Authors: Martin Drerup, Ahmed Magdy, Martina Hager, Daniela Colleselli, Thomas Kunit, Lukas Lusuardi, Günter Janetschek and Michael Mitterberger

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:99

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is believed to be associated with bladder cancer (BC) progression and poor clinical outcomes. In vivo studies have linked EGFR subcellular trafficking and...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Mansour, Mona Abdelrahim, Mahmoud Laymon, Mamdouh Elsherbeeny, Mohammed Sultan, Ahmed Shokeir, Ahmed Mosbah, Hassan Abol-Enein, Amira Awadalla, Eunho Cho, Vikram Sairam, Taeeun D. Park, Muhammad Shahid and Jayoung Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:100

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    The diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer (PCa) is advancing towards an imaging-driven approach. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, although increasingly used, has not shown sufficient accuracy to re...

    Authors: Christophe K. Mannaerts, Rogier R. Wildeboer, Arnoud W. Postema, Johanna Hagemann, Lars Budäus, Derya Tilki, Massimo Mischi, Hessel Wijkstra and Georg Salomon

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:98

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bladder cancers have been characterized as a tumor group in which the immunological response is relatively well preserved. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1, B7-H1, CD274) has been shown to be expressed in seve...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Yukari Ishiguro, Shinji Ohtake, Ikuma Kato, Yusuke Ito, Hiroki Ito, Kazuhide Makiyama, Keiichi Kondo, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Yasushi Yumura, Narihiko Hayashi, Hisashi Hasumi, Kimito Osaka, Kentaro Muraoka, Koji Izumi, Jun-ichi Teranishi…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) ultimately lost its role as the standard management of clinical stage (CS) 1 nonseminomatous (NS) testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs) in Europe when the Eu...

    Authors: K.-P. Dieckmann, P. Anheuser, M. Kulejewski, R. Gehrckens and B. Feyerabend

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:95

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Intravesical Mitomycin-C (MMC) following transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), while efficacious, is associated with side effects and poor utilization. Continuous saline bladder irrigation (CSBI) h...

    Authors: Andrew T. Lenis, Kian Asanad, Maher Blaibel, Nicholas M. Donin and Karim Chamie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:93

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has been proved effective in the treatment of lower urinary tracts (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with low complications, and most of the them are du...

    Authors: Jin Long Zhang, Kai Yuan, Mao Qiang Wang, Jie Yu Yan, Yan Wang and Guo Dong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:92

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Radical cystectomy bears a considerable perioperative mortality risk particularly in elderly patients. In this study, we searched for predictors of perioperative and long-term competing (non-bladder cancer) mo...

    Authors: Michael Froehner, Rainer Koch, Matthias Hübler, Ulrike Heberling, Vladimir Novotny, Stefan Zastrow, Oliver W. Hakenberg and Manfred P. Wirth

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:91

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to prospectively evaluate the ability of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to forecast recurrence in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). This is a continuation of our t...

    Authors: Itamar Getzler, Zaher Bahouth, Ofer Nativ, Jacob Rubinstein and Sarel Halachmi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:90

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Wilms tumor is the most common renal tumor of childhood. Duplication of the inferior vena cava is an uncommon anomaly. In the present study, we present a case of Wilms tumor with the inferior vena cava duplica...

    Authors: Feng Guo, Tianyou Li, Wei Liu, Gang Wang, Rui Ma and Rongde Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:88

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The goal of radical prostatectomy is to achieve the optimal balance between complete cancer removal and preserving a patient’s urinary and sexual function. Performing a wider excision of peri-prostatic tissue ...

    Authors: R. H. Breau, R. M. Kumar, L. T. Lavallee, I. Cagiannos, C. Morash, M. Horrigan, S. Cnossen, R. Mallick, D. Stacey, M. Fung-Kee-Fung, R. Morash, J. Smylie, K. Witiuk and D. A. Fergusson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:89

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The impact of number of endoscopic enucleation of the prostate techniques (holmium laser enucleation - HoLEP for example) on erectile function have already been investigated. However, the thulium-fiber laser, ...

    Authors: Dmitry Enikeev, Petr Glybochko, Leonid Rapoport, Zhamshid Okhunov, Mitchel O’Leary, Natalya Potoldykova, Roman Sukhanov, Mikhail Enikeev, Ekaterina Laukhtina and Mark Taratkin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:87

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The tumor draining lymph node concept was first described in penile cancer for staging. Immunohistochemistry and histopathology evaluations are routinely used in clinical practice to examine lymph nodes for me...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Jin Hu, A. Ali Zirakzadeh, Jesper Rosvall, Mats Hedlund, Ping Sheng Hu, Robert P.A. Wallin, Amir Sherif and Ola Winqvist

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:86

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  27. Content type: Case report

    The introduction of foreign bodies in the female urethra for auto-erotic stimulation or in case of psychiatric disorders is not uncommon. The occurrence of intravesical migration of these objects makes it nece...

    Authors: Andrea Mogorovich, Cesare Selli, Alessio Tognarelli, Francesca Manassero and Maurizio De Maria

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:85

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  28. Content type: Correction

    It has been highlighted that in the original article [1] there was a typesetting mistake in the Results – NNT in Strive section. This Correction article states the incorrect and correct sentence.

    Authors: Neil M Schultz, Neal D Shore, Simon Chowdhury, Laurence H Klotz, Raoul S Concepcion, David F Penson, Lawrence I Karsh, Hongbo Yang, Bruce A Brown, Arie Barlev and Scott C Flanders

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:84

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    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2018 18:77

  29. Content type: Research article

    Immediate early response gene 3 (IER3) is a stress-inducible gene, which exerts diverse effects in regulating cell apoptosis and cell cycle. Growing evidence shows that IER3 functions either as an oncogene or ...

    Authors: Jianheng Ye, Yanqiong Zhang, Zhiduan Cai, Minyao Jiang, Bowei Li, Guo Chen, Yanru Zeng, Yuxiang Liang, Shulin Wu, Zongwei Wang, Huichan He, Weide Zhong and Chin-Lee Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:82

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  30. Content type: Review

    Most patients with advanced prostate cancer develop bone metastases, which often result in painful and debilitating skeletal-related events. Inhibitors of bone resorption, such as bisphosphonates and denosumab...

    Authors: Jean-Jacques Body, Roger von Moos, Daniela Niepel and Bertrand Tombal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:81

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Elderly people are representative for the patients most likely to be treated with anticholinergics for overactive bladder (OAB). They often receive further drugs with anticholinergic properties for concomitant...

    Authors: A. Ivchenko, R.-H. Bödeker, C. Neumeister and A. Wiedemann

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:80

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Refinement of parameters defining prostate cancer (PC) prognosis are urgently needed to identify patients with indolent versus aggressive disease. The Canadian Prostate Cancer Biomaker Network (CPCBN) consists...

    Authors: Véronique Ouellet, Armen Aprikian, Alain Bergeron, Fadi Brimo, Robert G. Bristow, Simone Chevalier, Darrel Drachenberg, Ladan Fazli, Neil E. Fleshner, Martin Gleave, Pierre Karakiewicz, Laurence Klotz, Louis Lacombe, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Theodorus van der Kwast, Jeremy A. Squire…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:78

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  33. Content type: Research article

    BRAF-activated long non-coding RNA (BANCR) has been associated with various types of cancer. Nevertheless, the role of BANCR in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still not fully understood. This study...

    Authors: Sheng Xue, Sheng-Qun Jiang, Qing-wen Li, Sheng Wang, Jian Li, Shuai Yang, Hai-Min Zhang, Yun-Fei Xu, Long-Sheng Wang and Jun-Hua Zheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:79

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This analysis estimated the number needed to treat with enzalutamide versus bicalutamide to achieve one additional patient with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who would obta...

    Authors: Neil M. Schultz, Neal D. Shore, Simon Chowdhury, Laurence H. Klotz, Raoul S. Concepcion, David F. Penson, Lawrence I. Karsh, Hongbo Yang, Bruce A. Brown, Arie Barlev and Scott C. Flanders

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:77

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2018 18:84

  35. Content type: Research article

    Persistence on-treatment with antimuscarinics in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) is reported to be sub-optimal. This retrospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study assessed treatment persistenc...

    Authors: Jameel Nazir, Zalmai Hakimi, Florent Guelfucci, Amine Khemiri, Francis Fatoye, Ana María Mora Blázquez and Marta Hernández González

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:76

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  36. Content type: Research article

    To study the expression pattern, localisation and potential clinical significance of aquaporin water channels (AQP) both in prostate cancer (PC) cell lines and in benign and malignant human prostate tissue.

    Authors: Johannes Bründl, Sabine Wallinger, Johannes Breyer, Florian Weber, Matthias Evert, Nikolaos Theodoros Georgopoulos, Bernd Rosenhammer, Maximilian Burger, Wolfgang Otto and Peter Rubenwolf

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:75

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  37. Content type: Case report

    We present a rare case where distant metastasis of a low grade bladder tumor was observed. We carried out detailed genomic analysis and cell based experiments on patient tumor samples to study tumor evolution,...

    Authors: Marvin J. Van Every, Garrett Dancik, Venki Paramesh, Grzegorz T. Gurda, David R. Meier, Steven E. Cash, Craig S. Richmond and Sunny Guin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:74

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  38. Content type: Research article

    To explore the feasibility and long-term outcomes of renal preservation in a retrospective cohort of patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma undergoing total ureterectomy with ileal-ureteral substitution.

    Authors: Yin-Chien Ou, Che-Yuan Hu, Hong-Lin Cheng and Wen-Horng Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:73

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Neurogenic bladder (NGB) dysfunction after spinal cord injury (SCI) is generally irreversible. Preliminary animal and human studies have suggested that initiation of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) immediately fo...

    Authors: Jeffrey D. Redshaw, Sara M. Lenherr, Sean P. Elliott, John T. Stoffel, Jeffrey P. Rosenbluth, Angela P. Presson and Jeremy B. Myers

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:72

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Our understanding of effective perioperative supportive interventions for patients undergoing cystectomy procedures and how these may affect short and long-term health outcomes is limited.

    Authors: Helen Quirk, Derek J. Rosario and Liam Bourke

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:71

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The benefits of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer (PCa) are controversial. The Canadian and American Task Forces on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC & USPSTF) have released recommendations against the use ...

    Authors: Ahmed S. Zakaria, Alice Dragomir, Fadi Brimo, Wassim Kassouf, Simon Tanguay and Armen Aprikian

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:69

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Aspergillosis in patients with impaired immunity usually presents with invasive pulmonary infection and dissemination to a variety of organs via hematogenous spread. Aspergilloma in the retroperitoneal cavity ...

    Authors: Risa Shinoki, Teppei Takeshima, Koichiro Horie, Toshihiro Matsui, Ayako Horita, Ikuo Saito and Kotaro Hirai

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:67

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies suggest that FGFR3 is a potential therapeutic target in urothelial carcinoma (UC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rates and types of FGFR3 aberrations in patients with muscle-invasiv...

    Authors: Young Saing Kim, Kyung Kim, Ghee-Young Kwon, Su Jin Lee and Se Hoon Park

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:68

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