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  1. Hypospadias, the most frequent congenital male external genitalia abnormality, is usually associated with curvature of the ventral penis, i.e. chordee. Abnormality of darto tissue has been suggested as the pat...

    Authors: Prahara Yuri, Gunadi, Rahmadani Puji Lestari, Firly Putri Fardilla, Wiwit Ananda Wahyu Setyaningsih, Nur Arfian and Ishandono Dachlan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It has been reported that Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection was more prevalent in infertile populations. HP infection could lead to decreased sperm parameters, and treating the HP infection could improve the qua...

    Authors: Chun Feng, Ping-Ping Lv, Chang-Chang Huang, Song-Qing Yang, Qiu-Ping Yao, Jin-Ming Shen and Min Jin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Bladder cancer (BC) is the 10th most common cancer in the UK, with about 10,000 new cases annually. About 75–85% of BC are non-muscle invasive (NMIBC), which is associated with high recurrence and progression ...

    Authors: Peter Ella-Tongwiis, Rebecca May Lamb, Alexander Makanga, Iqbal Shergill and Stephen Fôn Hughes

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Complications in the urinary tract related to congenital Zika syndrome have recently been reported. One complication, cryptorchidism, has been reported by the Microcephaly Epidemic Research Group/MERG, in Pern...

    Authors: Rômulo A. L. de Vasconcelos, Ricardo A. A. Ximenes, Adriano A. Calado, Celina M. T. Martelli, Andreia V. Gonçalves, Elizabeth B. Brickley, Thalia V. B. de Araújo, Maria A. W. Rocha and Demócrito de B. Miranda-Filho

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Continuous bladder irrigation (CBI) and proper adjustment of saline irrigation speed are important to avoid CBI failure in hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant...

    Authors: Wenbo Yang, Yiqing Du, Zhan Qu, Wenjun Bai, Luping Yu, Xiaopeng Zhang, Qi Wang, Xiaowei Zhang, Qing Li and Tao Xu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy and clinical outcomes of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for patients with renal stones using pure fluoroscopy (FS) or ultrasound-assisted (USa) localization with t...

    Authors: Tsung-Hsin Chang, Wun-Rong Lin, Wei-Kung Tsai, Pai-Kai Chiang, Marcelo Chen, Jen-Shu Tseng and Allen W. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare tumor that typically occurs in the pelvis and perineum, most commonly in women of reproductive age. However, no para-ureteral AA has been reported according to the literat...

    Authors: Ming Liu, Ting-Shuai Zhai, Xiao-Feng Zhao, Li-Jin Feng, Xin-Sheng Lyu, Lan-Ting Hu, Zheng-Xin Wang, Wei-Guo Ma, Jian Zhang, Xiao Chen, Bin-Jie Su, Xu-Dong Yao, Jing-Yi Lu and Lin Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  8. To evaluate patient-reported outcomes with ramucirumab plus docetaxel, a regimen which improved progression-free survival in platinum-refractory advanced urothelial carcinoma (aUC).

    Authors: Andrea Necchi, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Nobuaki Matsubara, Jae-Lyun Lee, Daniel P. Petrylak, Ronald de Wit, Alexandra Drakaki, Astra M. Liepa, Huzhang Mao, Katherine Bell-McGuinn and Thomas Powles

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome is a bladder disease usually characterized by pain, urgency, and frequency. Interstitial cystitis is currently classified into two subtypes, with and without Hunner’...

    Authors: Elijah P. Ward, Sarah N. Bartolone, Michael B. Chancellor, Kenneth M. Peters and Laura E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Girls’ pelvic fracture bladder neck avulsion and urethral rupture is rare however it causes great morbidity. The management is complex and not standard yet. We report our experience and a technique of bladder ...

    Authors: Rong Lv, Chongrui Jin, Huiquan Shu, Lin Wang and Yinglong Sa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:179

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Most cases of antenatal the Society of Fetal Urology (SFU) grade 1or 2 hydronephrosis (HN) improve or resolve spontaneously with conservative treatment. However, there is no consensus on the duration of follow...

    Authors: Akihiro Nakane, Kentaro Mizuno, Taiki Kato, Hidenori Nishio, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Satoshi Kurokawa, Tetsuji Maruyama, Takahiro Yasui and Yutaro Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Unplanned hospitalization following ureteroscopy (URS) for urinary stone disease is associated with patient morbidity and increased healthcare costs. To this effect, AUA guidelines recommend at least a urinaly...

    Authors: Adam Cole, Jaya Telang, Tae-Kyung Kim, Kavya Swarna, Ji Qi, Casey Dauw, Brian Seifman, Mazen Abdelhady, William Roberts, John Hollingsworth and Khurshid R. Ghani

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ureteric stricture is a common and salvaging complications after renal transplantation. Two treatment methods are usually used, retrograde ureteral stent placement and percutaneous nephrostomy. The former has ...

    Authors: Jian-Hui Wu, Chun-Bai Mo, Li Dong-Zhai, Fei Luo, Qing-Tong Ma and Shi-Qiang Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Primary pure angiosarcoma of the testis is an exceptionally rare testicular malignancy, which is poorly understood. We present the fifth and youngest case in the current medical literature. Additionally, all c...

    Authors: J. Walravens-Evans, M. Yao, S. Grannò, D. Arul and S. Chitale

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Patients with urolithiasis have a lower bone mineral density (BMD) than those without stones, suggesting a potential correlation between calcium stone formation and bone resorption disorders, including osteope...

    Authors: Kazumi Taguchi, Shuzo Hamamoto, Atsushi Okada, Yutaro Tanaka, Teruaki Sugino, Rei Unno, Taiki Kato, Ryosuke Ando, Keiichi Tozawa and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The four most commonly-mutated genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tumors are BAP1, PBRM1, SETD2 and VHL. And, there are currently 14 known RCC germline variants that have been reproducibly shown to ...

    Authors: Jeanette E. Eckel-Passow, Huihuang Yan, Matthew L. Kosel, Daniel Serie, Paul A. Decker, Robert B. Jenkins, Brian Costello, Bradley Leibovich, Thai H. Ho and Alexander Parker

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Understanding the drivers of recurrence in aggressive prostate cancer requires detailed molecular and genomic understanding in order to aid therapeutic interventions. We provide here a case report of histologi...

    Authors: Scott G. Williams, Han Xian Aw Yeang, Catherine Mitchell, Franco Caramia, David J. Byrne, Stephen B. Fox, Sue Haupt, Ralf B. Schittenhelm, Paul J. Neeson, Ygal Haupt and Simon P. Keam

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Kidney cancer is often asymptomatic, leading to proposals for a screening programme. The views of the public towards introducing a new screening programme for kidney cancer are unknown. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Laragh L. W. Harvey-Kelly, Hannah Harrison, Sabrina H. Rossi, Simon J. Griffin, Grant D. Stewart and Juliet A. Usher-Smith

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Post-operative delirium is an important, yet under-researched complication of surgery. Patients undergoing urological surgery may be at especially high risk of POD, as they are often older, and interventions c...

    Authors: L. Sanyaolu, A. F. M. Scholz, I. Mayo, J. Coode-Bate, C. Oldroyd, B. Carter, T. Quinn and J. Hewitt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in children. In children < 7 years of age, the prevalence of one episode of symptomatic UTI has been estimated at 3–7% in girls a...

    Authors: Maria Daniel, Hanna Szymanik-Grzelak, Agnieszka Turczyn and Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:168

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. The injection of muscle precursor cells (MPC) into the external urinary sphincter muscle (EUS) is a promising therapeutic option for regenerative treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The objective o...

    Authors: Florian A. Schmid, Dominic Gascho, Niklaus Zoelch, Jenny A. Prange, Giovanni Colacicco and Daniel Eberli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Technical advance

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  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Hiroji Uemura, Yosuke Koroki, Yuki Iwaki, Keiichiro Imanaka, Takeshi Kambara, Angela Lopez-Gitlitz, Andressa Smith and Hirotsugu Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2020 20:139

  23. Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection, as well as asymptomatic leukocytospermia, whether it has effect on semen parameters and whether it needs screening and treatment is still a confusing and controversial topic...

    Authors: Qi-Feng Zhang, Yu-Ji Zhang, Sheng Wang, Yu Wei, Feng Li and Ke-Jian Feng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In this study, we investigated the effect of preoperative prostate morphology, especially intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP), on continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).

    Authors: Katsuya Hikita, Masashi Honda, Shogo Teraoka, Ryoma Nishikawa, Yuske Kimura, Panagiota Tsounapi, Hideto Iwamoto, Shuichi Morizane and Atsushi Takenaka

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Expanded Prostate Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) is a short version of the original EPIC, developed to facilitate the instrument’s use in routine care. This study aimed to validate the EPI...

    Authors: Danilo B. Lourenço, Breno Santos Amaral, Wladimir Alfer-Junior, Ana Vasconcellos, Fernanda Russo, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Bianca Bianco, Andrew A. Wagner, Peter Chang, Marcio Covas Moschovas, Gustavo Caserta Lemos and Arie Carneiro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To evaluate the feasibility, safety, applied value and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for PCNL for the treatment of renal calculi. Although the ERAS is applied for many urological diseases,...

    Authors: Qing Li, Li Wan, Shucheng Liu, Mingyong Li, Libo Chen, Zhengwu Hou and Wang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty is the most commonly performed procedure for hypospadias. Several flap procedures have been recommended to decrease the postoperative complication rate in TIP repa...

    Authors: Hao Yang, Xiao-xiao Xuan, Dong-lai Hu, Hang Zhang, Qiang Shu, Xiao-dong Guo and Jun-fen Fu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1) has been extensively reported as a crucial oncogene, and its abnormal expression has been associated with the progression of numerous cancers. However, the role of MTA1 ...

    Authors: Cai Lv, Yuan Huang, Qingqing Lei, Zhenxiang Liu, Shixing Shen and Wenxia Si

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Most patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) developed metastasis within 2 years, even after radical cystectomy (RC). The recurrence rate of MIBC was more than 50% of the cases. A meta-analysis con...

    Authors: Agus Rizal A. H. Hamid, Fanny Riana Ridwan, Dyandra Parikesit, Fina Widia, Chaidir Arif Mochtar and Rainy Umbas

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Xanthine urinary stones are a rare entity that may occur in patients with Lesch–Nyhan syndrome receiving allopurinol. There is little literature describing imaging characteristics of these stones, and the most...

    Authors: Stephanie B. Shamir, Qi Peng, Alan H. Schoenfeld, Beth A. Drzewiecki and Mark C. Liszewski

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Patients with severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) from giant prostatic hyperplasia (GPH): prostate volume greater than 200 mL that do not respond to medical therapy may not be eligible for surgical trea...

    Authors: Alexander S. Somwaru, Stephen Metting, Laura M. Flisnik, Michael G. Nellamattathil, Arjun Sharma and Venkat S. Katabathina

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Large paraganglioma of the Zuckerkandl organ (POZ) is extremely rare. The patient can occasionally be paucisymptomatic, further obscuring the diagnosis and carrying high mortality. Recommended treatment for la...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Jiwen Shang, Ruimin Ren, Huajun Zhang and Xue Yao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Laparoscopic resection is the most well described minimally-invasive approach for adrenalectomy. While it allows for improved cosmesis, faster recovery and decreased length of hospital stay compared with the o...

    Authors: Anirban P. Mitra, Evalynn Vasquez, Paul Kokorowski and Andy Y. Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a disease with diverse clinical manifestations, such as pelvic pain or perineal pain. Although recent studies found several risk factors related to...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Haomin Zhang, Di Niu, Hu Li, Kun Wei, Li Zhang, Shuiping Yin, Longfei Liu, Xiansheng Zhang, Meng Zhang and Chaozhao Liang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Bladder leiomyomas are rare and benign tumors of the bladder. They account for 0.43% of all bladder tumors, and only 250 cases have been reported in English literature. Based on the size and localization of th...

    Authors: Athanasios Zachariou, Maria Filiponi, Fotios Dimitriadis, Aris Kaltsas and Nikolaos Sofikitis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The current study aimed to compare the efficacy of transition zone PSA density (TZPSAD) with traditional PSA and PSA density (PSAD), for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in Taiwanese males.

    Authors: Tsung-Hsin Chang, Wun-Rong Lin, Wei-Kung Tsai, Pai-Kai Chiang, Marcelo Chen, Jen-Shu Tseng and Allen W. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Controversy remains despite several studies have discussed the role of bariatric surgery in improving male’s sexual function. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of bariatric surgery in promoting male’s e...

    Authors: Shengzhuo Liu, Dehong Cao, Zhengju Ren, Jinze Li, Lei Peng, Qin Zhang, Bo Cheng, Zheyu Cheng, Jianzhong Ai, Xiaonan Zheng, Liangren Liu and Qiang Wei

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The effect of ambient pollutants on the male reproductive system is controversial. This retrospective study investigated the effect of environmental pollutants on male reproductive health.

    Authors: Yu-An Chen, Yi-Kai Chang, Yann-Rong Su and Hong-Chiang Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Stent placement before retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) can theoretically expand the ureter to improve access and remove stones. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative uret...

    Authors: Hyeong Dong Yuk, Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Luck Hee Sung and Chang Wook Jeong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pentafecta is a major goal in the era of partial nephrectomy (PN). Simplified PADUA REnal (SPARE) nephrometry system was developed to evaluate the complexity of tumor. However, the predictive ability in pentaf...

    Authors: Chi-Ping Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Hsi-Chin Wu, Che-Rei Yang, Po-Fan Hsieh, Guang-Heng Chen, Po-Jen Hsiao, Yi-Huei Chang, Yu-Ping Wang and Yu-De Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignancies of the urinary tract. The role of transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) in BC remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate th...

    Authors: Eun Hye Lee, So Young Chun, Bomi Kim, Bo Hyun Yoon, Jun Nyung Lee, Bum Soo Kim, Eun Sang Yoo, Sangkyu Lee, Phil Hyun Song, Tae Gyun Kwon and Yun-Sok Ha

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We aimed to explore the utility of prostate specific antigen (PSA) isoform [− 2] proPSA and its derivatives for prediction of pathological outcome after radical prostatectomy (RP).

    Authors: Vojtech Novak, Stepan Vesely, Hana Luksanová, Richard Prusa, Otakar Capoun, Vojtech Fiala, Olga Dolejsová, Hana Sedlacková, Radek Kucera, Jiri Stejskal, Miroslav Zalesky and Marko Babjuk

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from prostate cancer (PC) influences not only patients’ prognosis but also their quality of life. However, little is known about the clinical outcome of surgery for MS...

    Authors: Yasuhide Miyoshi, Takashi Kawahara, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the first choice for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, Transurethral split of prostate (TUSP) also seems to have clear clinical efficacy ...

    Authors: Yiyu Huang, Jiaxin LI, Shan Yang, Daozhang Yuan and Shusheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To investigate the functions of the hyperpolarization-activated cation currents in medium-size dorsal root ganglion cells in a rat model of overactive bladder syndrome.

    Authors: Chao Tan, Fei Yan, Li-Ping Yao, Jun-Ling Xing, Wei-Jun Qin, Kun Zhang, Guo-Jun Wu, Jian-Lin Yuan and Fei Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  • BMC Urology works with with Cochrane Urology in providing our authors with expert advice on systematic reviews and meta-analyses

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