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  1. Graft substitute urethroplasty is recommended for patients with long segment anterior urethral stricture. The therapeutic effects of the grafts need to be validated on the animal models. Therefore the aim of t...

    Authors: Jianpo Zhai, Danhui Zhao, Guanglin Huang, Libo Man, Guoqiang Yan and Chengai Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research

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  2. Primary bladder sarcoma (PBS) is a rare malignant tumor of the bladder with a poor prognosis, and its disease course is inadequately understood. Therefore, our study aimed to establish a prognostic model to de...

    Authors: Shijie Li, Xuefeng Liu and Xiaonan Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research

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  3. Although multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is widely used to assess the volume of prostate cancer, it often underestimates the histological tumor boundary. The aim of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Po-Fan Hsieh, Tzung-Ruei Li, Wei-Ching Lin, Han Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Rei Yang, Chin-Chung Yeh, Wen-Chin Huang and Hsi-Chin Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research

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  4. Although red blood cells (RBC) transfusion is known to be significantly associated with biochemical recurrence in patients undergoing open prostatectomy, its influence on biochemical recurrence after robot-ass...

    Authors: Jiwon Han, Young-Tae Jeon, Jung-Hee Ryu, Ah-Young Oh, Hwanik Kim, Yu Kyung Bae and Chang-Hoon Koo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research

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  5. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the three-port approach and conventional five-port laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with an ileal conduit.

    Authors: Zhouting Tuo, Ying Zhang, Jinyou Wang, Huan Zhou, Youlu Lu, Xin Wang, Chao Yang, Dexin Yu and Liangkuan Bi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research

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  6. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of vacuum-assisted sheaths and conventional sheaths in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the trea...

    Authors: Ling Zhu, Zhenghao Wang, Ye Zhou, Liping Gou, Yan Huang and Xiaofeng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research

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  7. Theory-based intervention materials must be carefully adapted to meet the needs of users with specific physical conditions. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been adapted successfully for cancer, chr...

    Authors: James Elander, Romaana Kapadi, Emma Coyne, Maarten W. Taal, Nicholas M. Selby, Carol Stalker and Kathryn Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research

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  8. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) categorized with and without Hunner lesions is a condition that displays chronic pelvic pain related to the bladder with no efficacious treatment options. T...

    Authors: Hidetoshi Tabata, Masanori Sasaki, Yuko Kataoka-Sasaki, Nobuo Shinkai, Koji Ichihara, Naoya Masumori, Jeffery D. Kocsis and Osamu Honmou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research

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  9. Previously, we presented the short-term outcomes of surgeon-tailored mesh in patients with SUI undergoing TOT. In this report, we aim to highlight the two-year outcomes of surgeon tailored mesh in terms of sub...

    Authors: Salah E. Shebl

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research

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  10. This study aimed to evaluate the association of asymptomatic pyuria before ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (URSL) with postoperative febrile urinary tract infection (UTI).

    Authors: Kuan-Jung Lin, Eric Y. H. Huang, I-shen Huang, Yu-Hua Fan, Chih-Chieh Lin, Tzu-Ping Lin, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Shing-Hwa Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Howard Hung-Hao Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T. L. Lin and William J. S. Huang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research

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  11. Ureteral stenosis is a serious complication of flexible ureteroscopy. How to predict the possibility of stricture before surgery is an important topic. This research retrospectively studied the influence of pr...

    Authors: Yuefan Shen, Anping Xiang and Sihai Shao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research

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  12. Midureteral stenosis is very rare in children and can cause congenital hydronephrosis. We report our experience treating children with congenital midureteral stenosis at our center, focusing on the differences...

    Authors: Zhaoyi Meng, Defu Lin, Guannan Wang, Yanchao Qu and Ning Sun

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research

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  13. This Commentary is in response to the BMC Urology publication entitled “Infection-related hospitalization following ureteroscopic stone treatment: Results from a surgical collaborative”. This study utilized a ...

    Authors: Wesley A. Mayer

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:150

    Content type: Commentary

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  14. To explore whether opening the external urethral orifice in the coronal sulcus can reduce the incidence of epididymitis after operating on hypospadias with prostatic utricle cyst (PUC) connecting to the vas de...

    Authors: Jun Lu, Junjie Cen, Wenwei Wang, Hongwei Zhao, Pengju Li, Jiacong Mo, Zhenhua Chen, Yiming Tang, Jinhuan Wei, Junhang Luo, Shiying Huang and Yong Fang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research

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  15. A significant proportion of boys present to surgical specialists later in infancy/early childhood for elective operative circumcision despite the higher procedural risks. This study aims to assess physician pe...

    Authors: Ushasi Naha, Hans C. Arora, Ryan F. Walton, Ilina Rosoklija, Lindsay M. Skibley and Emilie K. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research

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  16. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is very common in aging men. We aimed to compare the effects of tamsulosin and pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed oil on BPH symptoms.

    Authors: Nikan Zerafatjou, Mohammadali Amirzargar, Mahdi Biglarkhani, Farzaneh Shobeirian and Ghazal Zoghi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research

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  17. Urinary bladder lymphangioma is a rare and benign lesion that is often causes symptoms related to irritation and urinary tract obstruction. Because a lymphangioma may resemble a true neoplasm of the urinary bl...

    Authors: Wei He, Li Jin, Fang-fang Lin, Xiao-long Qi, Xiang-lei He, Da-hong Zhang and Ming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Recently, presepsin has been reported to be a useful biomarker for early diagnosis of sepsis and evaluation of prognosis in septic patients. However, few reports have evaluated its usefulness in patients with ...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Sekine, Kazuhiko Kotani, Daisuke Oka, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Takahiro Syuto, Seiji Arai, Masashi Nomura, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Masami Murakami and Kazuhiro Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research

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  19. FAM83H was originally reported to be essential for dental enamel formation. However, FAM83H has recently been implicated in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Analysis of a publicly available gene expression...

    Authors: Ae-Ri Ahn, Sang Jae Noh, Usama Khamis Hussein, Ho Sung Park, Myoung Ja Chung, Ho Lee, Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Jae Kang, Hyung Jin Kim, Na Ri Lee, Kyu Yun Jang and Kyoung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research

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  20. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a popular distressing health condition that has negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the inflicted individuals. This multicenter study was conducted to deter...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Hatim Hijaz, Khaled Jallad, Mohammad Abushamma and Mothana Sawafta

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research

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  21. The prevalence of kidney stones in the world is increasing and environmental factors seem to play a major role in this issue. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of risk factors of k...

    Authors: Parvin Khalili, Zahra Jamali, Tabandeh Sadeghi, Ali Esmaeili-nadimi, Maryam Mohamadi, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Fatemeh Ayoobi and Alireza Nazari

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research

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  22. While blunt extra-peritoneal bladder injury is typically treated non-operatively or with minimally invasive management, the treatment for penetrating bladder injury is generally open surgery. We identify a gro...

    Authors: John Culhane, Johar Raza Syed and Sameer Siddiqui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:138

    Content type: Research

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  23. Because of their specific and biologically relevant cargo, urine extracellular vesicles (EVs) constitute a valuable source of potential non-invasive biomarkers that could support the clinical decision-making t...

    Authors: María García-Flores, Christian M. Sánchez-López, Marta Ramírez-Calvo, Antonio Fernández-Serra, Antonio Marcilla and José Antonio López-Guerrero

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research

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  24. To evaluate the prognostic value of the aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase (AST/ALT) ratio in primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis.

    Authors: Xiaofeng Cheng, Xiaochen Zhou, Ming Yi, Song Xu, Cheng Zhang and Gongxian Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research

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  25. To enhance the convenience and reduce the cost of prostate cancer (PC) screening, a one-step prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test was evaluated in a large population. The PSA SPOT test kit enables rapid detect...

    Authors: Shingo Ashida, Ichiro Yamasaki, Chiaki Kawada, Hideo Fukuhara, Satoshi Fukata, Kenji Tamura, Takashi Karashima, Keiji Inoue and Taro Shuin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. We sought to determine if participating in a surgical training session using perfused fresh human cadavers (PFHC) had a positive effect on urology residents’ confidence in performing open and endoscopic proced...

    Authors: Daniel McClelland, Luke P. O’Connor, John Barnard, Ali Hajiran, Chad Crigger, Tyler Trump, Emma Bacharach, Amr Elbakry, Zach Werner, Chad Morley, Daniel Grabo and Adam Luchey

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:134

    Content type: Technical advance

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  27. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the Beckman Coulter prostate health index (PHI) and to compare it with total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and related derivatives in predicting the presence and...

    Authors: Jae Yoon Kim, Ji Hyeong Yu, Luck Hee Sung, Dae Yeon Cho, Hyun-Jung Kim and Soo Jin Yoo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research

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  28. Balloon dilation is a commonly used minimally invasive endourological treatment of ureteral stricture, but the postoperative recurrence rate is relatively high. And factors contributing to recurrence after tre...

    Authors: Jintao Hu, Cong Lai, Mingchao Gao, Kaiwen Li, Wang He, Dingjun Zhu, Wenlian Xie, Haihua Wu, Meijuan Xu, Jian Huang and Jinli Han

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. To compare ureteroscopy (URS) complementary treatment following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) failure with primary URS lithotripsy for proximal ureteral stones > 10 mm, and try to find out accept...

    Authors: Feng Yao, XiaoLiang Jiang, Bin Xie and Ning Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:126

    Content type: Research

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  30. Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is known to cause high rates of structural organ damage, however, literature on its biochemical manifestations is limited. Additionally, local studies in the Philippine settin...

    Authors: Paolo Nikolai H. So and Anthony Russell T. Villanueva

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research

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  31. Currently, immunotherapy is indicated for patients with metastatic RCC or unresectable RCC, but there is no indication for immunotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting. We report a case in which the combined use o...

    Authors: Kenichi Nishimura, Noriyoshi Miura, Naoya Sugihara, Keisuke Funaki, Kanae Koyama, Yuichiro Sawada, Terutaka Noda, Tetsuya Fukumoto, Yuki Miyauchi, Tadahiko Kikugawa, Takashi Saika, Masafumi Matsumura, Katsuyoshi Hashine and Mashio Taniwaki

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:124

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. With the development of minimally invasive technology, more and more people pay attention to aesthetics of the wound after operation. This study is aim to introduce a new surgical technique of transvaginal nat...

    Authors: Qinxin Zhao, Dongdong Han, Feiya Yang, Sujun Han and Nianzeng Xing

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:123

    Content type: Technical advance

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  33. Autologous fascial slings (AFS) have been used for a very long time in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, but the introduction of synthetic mesh slings placed either retropubicallyor trans-ob...

    Authors: Jacopo Durante, Francesca Manassero, Tiziana Fidecicchi, Alessio Tognarelli, Tommaso Di Vico, Pinuccia Faviana and Cesare Selli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:122

    Content type: Case report

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  34. We report the case of a patient with syphilitic testicular gumma and vasculitis with adrenal failure due to chronic steroid use.

    Authors: Sat Prasad Nepal, Takehiko Nakasato, Takashi Fukagai, Takeshi Shichijo, Jun Morita, Yoshiko Maeda, Kazuhiko Oshinomi, Yoshihiro Nakagami, Tsutomu Unoki, Tetsuo Noguchi, Tatsuki Inoue, Ryosuke Kato, Satoshi Amano, Moyuru Mizunuma, Masahiro Kurokawa, Yoshiki Tsunokawa…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:120

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Combination drug therapy for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is beneficial to selected patients and recommended by guidelines. Patterns of real-world LUTS drug use, especially combination drug therapy, hav...

    Authors: Mahmood Ali, Margarita Landeira, Patrick J. O. Covernton, Nurul Choudhury, Ashley Jaggi, Francis Fatoye and Rob van Maanen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. It is a challenging problem to differentiate obstructive hydronephrosis from noninvasive evaluation of renal pelvis and ureteral motility in patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the value of 640-...

    Authors: Chongwen Mao, Cong Peng, Song Li, Liling Chen, Mengjing You, Kewei Fang, Shutian Xiang and Yunshan Su

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:118

    Content type: Research

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  37. Side effects of cisplatin (CIS) such as testicular toxicity restrict its clinical use. Instead, evidence indicates that crocin (CR) has synergistic anti-cancer potential with CIS and exhibited beneficial effec...

    Authors: Behzad Mesbahzadeh, Mohammadmehdi Hassanzadeh-Taheri, Mohadese-sadat Aliparast, Pardis Baniasadi and Mehran Hosseini

    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research

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