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Table 1 Demographics and presenting symptoms

From: Pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder: a systematic review of the contemporary literature

Variable N (%)
Total Patients 106
Sex  
Males 55
Female 51
Age  
Mean age (years) 43.3
Age range (years) 11-84
Presenting symptom(s)  
Micturition attacks 56 (52.8)
Hypertension 58 (54.7)
Headache 51 (48.1)
Hematuria 50 (47.2)
Syncope/palpitations 46 (43.4)
Diaphoresis 21 (19.8)
Micturition disturbances (e.g., urgency, dysuria) 11 (10.4)
Dizziness 10 (9.4)
Abdominal/flank pain 6 (5.7)
Dyspnea/chest pain 5 (4.7)
Malaise 3 (2.8)
Incidental finding 3 (2.8)
Other 11 (10.4)
Catecholamines  
↑ VMA, metanephrine, or catecholamines 65 (61.3)
Unknown/not mentioned 29 (27.4)
Tumor size  
Mean (cm) 3.9
Median (range) (cm) 3.45 (1.0-9.1)
Unknown/not mentioned 26 (24.5)