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Table 2 The prevalence of symptoms of bladder dysfunction based on clinical variables (Disease duration, EDSS, and clinical course)

From: Quality of life among patients with multiple sclerosis and voiding dysfunction: a cross-sectional study

Variables Lack of LUTS Irritative symptoms Obstructive symptoms Mixed symptoms P-values
EDSS Class Mild 84 (19.5) 122 (28.3) 35 (8.1) 190 (44.1) <  0.001
Moderate 7 (4.6) 30 (19.9) 4 (2.6) 110 (72.8)
Severe 3 (15.0) 2 (10.0) 0.0 (0.0) 15 (75.0)
Disease Duration (years) <  5 45 (19.5) 70 (30.3) 16 (6.9) 100 (43.3) 0.001
5–10 34 (16.1) 54 (25.6) 16 (7.5) 107 (50.7)
>  10 15 (9.4) 30 (18.8) 7 (4.4) 108 (67.5)
clinical course CIS 9 (32.1) 9 (32.1) 3 (10.7) 7 (25.0) <  0.001
RRMS 79 (17.2) 126 (27.5) 32 (7.0) 221 (48.3)
Progressive MS 6 (5.2) 19 (16.4) 4 (3.4) 87 (75.0)
  1. LUTS lower urinary tract symptoms, EDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale, CIS Clinically isolated syndrome, RRMS Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Data was presented as frequency (percentage) for categorical variables. P-values were derived from chi-square test