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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Public attitudes towards screening for kidney cancer: an online survey

Participant characteristic n (%) or mean (± s.d.)
Age
 45–54 590 (57.7)
 55–64 328 (32.1)
 > 65 103 (10.1)
 Mean (± s.d.) 54.3 (± 7.1)
Sex (n, % female) 513 (50.2)
Country
 UK 668 (65.4)
 US 183 (17.9)
 Europe 77 (7.5)
University level education 471 (46.1)
Ethnicity (n, % White) 973 (95.3)
General health measure
 Excellent, very good, good 811 (79.4)
 Fair, poor 210 (20.6)
Smoking status
 Non-smoker 512 (50.1)
 Ex-smoker 345 (33.8)
 Current smoker 164 (16.1)
BMI (kg/m2) (mean ± s.d) 27.4 (± 5.7)
Previous diagnosis of cancer 63 (6.2)
Family history of kidney cancer 29 (2.8)
Social group*
 ABC1 778 (76.2)
 C2DE 188 (18.4)
Kidney cancer knowledge
 I am very familiar with it 6 (0.6)
 I have only heard of the term before 497 (48.7)
 I know a little about the disease 180 (17.6)
 Nothing at all 338 (33.1)
Cancer worry (mean ± s.d)** 5.6 (± 2.3)
Cancer risk perception (mean ± s.d)*** 34.1 (± 23.2)
Kidney cancer symptom awareness****
 High symptom awareness (≥ 5) 547 (53.6)
 Low symptom awareness (< 5) 474 (46.4)
Kidney cancer risk factor awareness****
 High risk factor awareness (≥ 43) 585 (57.3)
 Low risk factor awareness (< 43) 436 (42.7)
  1. *ABC1 = higher SES, C2DE = lower SES
  2. **On a scale of 3–15 where 3 = no worry, 15 = maximum worry
  3. ***On a scale of 1–100 from unlikely to likely
  4. ****Where high/low awareness was defined as above/below the median score. The breakdown for each risk factor/symptom can be found in Additional file 3: Supplementary Table 1, and the scoring system in Additional file 2