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Table 5 The impact of nocturia on sleep disturbance and factors affecting the sleep disturbance

From: Prevalence of nocturia among community-dwelling adults: a population-based study in Malaysia

Variable Degree of sleep disturbance (n, %) p value*
Less than half the time About half the time or more
Total respondents 1655 (62.7) 983 (37.3)  
Frequency of nocturia
 Once 1241 (75.0) 329 (33.5)  < 0.001
 Twice 273 (16.5) 433 (44.0)  
 Three times or more 141 (8.5) 221 (22.5)  
Age
 18–30 730 (44.1) 215 (21.9)  < 0.001
 31–40 375 (22.6) 215 (21.9)  
 41–50 210 (12.7) 154 (15.6)  
 51–60 233 (14.1) 273 (27.8)  
 > 60 107 (6.5) 126 (12.8)  
Sex
 Male 681 (41.1) 417 (42.4) 0.521
 Female 974 (58.9) 566 (57.6)  
Employment status
 Student 391 (23.6) 98 (10.0)  < 0.001
 Employed for wages 938 (56.7) 613 (62.3)  
 Self-employed 116 (7.0) 98 (10.0)  
 Unemployed 210 (12.7) 174 (17.7)  
  1. *Based on Chi-square test, the statistical significance level was 0.05; n = 2638