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Table 6 Characteristics comparison between respondents who had and did not seek treatment

From: Prevalence of nocturia among community-dwelling adults: a population-based study in Malaysia

Variable Treatment seeking behaviour (%) p value*
Yes (n = 514) No (n = 1523)
Age (years ± SD) 44.43 ± 16.34 38.59 ± 14.67  < 0.001φ
Sex
 Male 49.4 42.9 0.011#
 Female 50.6 57.1  
Employment status
 Student 14.6 19.7  < 0.001#
 Employed for wages 51.6 61.5  
 Self-employed 10.7 7.3  
 Unemployed 23.2 11.4  
Frequency of nocturia
 Once 47.3 62.1  < 0.001#
 Twice 34.2 27.5  
 Three times or more 18.5 10.4  
Degree of sleep disturbance
 Less than half the time 49.0 62.1  < 0.001#
 About half the time or more 51.0 37.9  
 Bother score (mean ± SD) 4.51 ± 2.55 3.19 ± 2.4  < 0.001φ
Awareness of nocturia as a medical condition
 Yes 54.3 35.4  < 0.001#
 No 45.7 64.6  
  1. *The statistical significance level was 0.05; φMann-Whitney U test; #Chi-square test; SD: standard deviation; n = 2037